Albanians

citizens or residents of Albania and ethnic group

The Albanians (Albanian: Shqiptarët) is a nation and ethnic group native to Albania and Kosovo, who speak Albanian language as their mother tongue. They also form a significant minority in North Macedonia.[66]

Albanians
Shqiptarët
Total population
c. 7 to 10 million[1][2][3][4][5]
Regions with significant populations
 Albania 2,551,006 (2021)[6]
 Kosovo 1,797,856 (2021)[7]
Other regions
Southern Europe
 Italy970,000[8][9][10]
 Greece500,000–600,000[11][12][13][14][15][16][17]
 North Macedonia446,245[18]
 Montenegro30,439[19]
 Serbia61,687[20]
 Croatia17,513[21]
 Slovenia6,186[22]
 Spain3,998[23]
 Portugal99c[24]
Northern Europe
 United Kingdom70,000–100,000[25]
 Sweden54,000[26]
 Norway19,891c[27]
 Finland10,391[28][29]
 Denmark8,223[30]
 Ireland953–2,133[31][32]
Central Europe and Baltics
 Romania10,000[33]
 Ukraine5,000[34]
 Czech Republic1,512[35]
 Latvia17 - 31[36][37]
Western Europe
 Germany200,000–300,000[38][39][40]
  Switzerland200,000[41][42]
 Austria28,212[43]
 France27,200 (2019)[44]
 Netherlands12,969c[45]
 Belgium5,600–30,000[46][47]
 Luxembourg2,155c[48]
Americas
 United States194,028[49]
 Argentina50,000[50]
 Canada39,055c[51]
 Colombia348[52]
 Cuba101[53]
 Panama9[54]
Oceania
 Australia11,315[55]
 New Zealand243[56]
Asia and Africa
 Turkey500,000–6,000,000 b[57][58][59]
 Egypt18,000[58]
 Qatar1,200[60]
 Cyprus275[61]
 South Africa268[62]
 United Arab Emirates200–300[63]
Languages
Albanian
Religion
Majority:
Islam
Sunni[a] · Bektashi · Non-denominational
Minority:
Christianity
Catholicism[b] (Latin Church · Eastern Rites Albanian Greek-Catholic Church · Italo-Albanian Church· Eastern Orthodoxy[c] (Albanian Orthodox Church · Albanian American Orthodox Church· Protestantism (Albanian Protestant Church · Kosovan Protestant Church)
Other:
Irreligion

a 502,546 Albanian citizens, an additional 43,751 Kosovo Albanians, 260,000 Arbëreshë people and 169,644 Albanians who have acquired the Italian citizenship[8][9][64][65]
b Albanians are not recognized as a minority in Turkey. However approximately 500,000 people are reported to profess an Albanian identity. Of those with full or partial Albanian ancestry and others who have adopted Turkish language, culture and identity their number is estimated at 1,300,000–5,000,000 many whom do not speak Albanian.[58]
c The estimation contains Kosovo Albanians.

Albanians share a common ancestry, culture and history, the majority of ethnic Albanians are Muslim while a significant minority of them profess other religions such as Bektashi, and Catholics and Orthodox Christianity. Their National Hero is Skanderbeg. In the Ottoman Empire, Albanian Men were mostly represented in high ranks, like Muhammad Ali Pasha or Ali Pasha and the Köprülü family. The Albanian Dynasty House of Zogu, was founded by King Zog I of Albania. Muslim Albanian boys get circumcised with a sünnet-ceremony, this was taken at the time of the Ottoman Empire[67]

  1. Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of the Albanian people in Albania, Kosovo, Montenegro and North Macedonia.
  2. Roman Catholicism (both Latin and Greek-Byzantine rites) is the largest Christian denomination of the Albanian people in northern Albania, Croatia and Italy.
  3. Eastern Orthodoxy is the largest Christian denomination of the Albanian people in southern Albania, North Macedonia and Greece.

References

change
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  11. Gemi, Eda (February 2017). "Albanian Migration in Greece: Understanding Irregularity in a Time of Crisis". European Journal of Migration and Law. 19 (1): 18. doi:10.1163/15718166-12342113.
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