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United Arab Emirates

monarchy in Southwest Asia

Coordinates: 24°N 54°E / 24°N 54°E / 24; 54

The United Arab Emirates or the UAE is a country in the Middle East. It is made up of seven emirates located in the north-eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula, on the south side of the Persian Gulf.

United Arab Emirates
الإمارات العربية المتحدة (Arabic)
Dawlat-al-Imārāt al-'Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah
Flag of United Arab Emirates
Flag
Anthem: عيشي بلادي
"Īšiy Bilādī"
"Long Live my Nation"
Location of  United Arab Emirates  (green) in the Arabian Peninsula  (white)
Location of  United Arab Emirates  (green)

in the Arabian Peninsula  (white)

Location of United Arab Emirates
CapitalAbu Dhabi
24°28′N 54°22′E / 24.467°N 54.367°E / 24.467; 54.367
Largest cityDubai
25°15′N 55°18′E / 25.250°N 55.300°E / 25.250; 55.300
Official languagesArabic
Recognised national languages
Ethnic groups
ReligionIslam
DemonymEmirati[2]
GovernmentFederal absolute monarchy
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
LegislatureFederal National Council
Establishment from the United Kingdom and the Trucial States
1708
• Sharjah
1727
1761
1775
• Ajman
1816
• Dubai
1833
1876
2 December 1971
• Admission of Ras al-Khaimah to the UAE
10 February 1972
Area
• Total
83,600 km2 (32,300 sq mi) (114th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2017 estimate
9,400,000 (94th)
• 2005 census
4,106,427
• Density
99/km2 (256.4/sq mi) (110th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$693.765 billion[3] (32nd)
• Per capita
$68,424[3] (7th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$407.210 billion[3] (28th)
• Per capita
$40,162[3] (19th)
Gini (2008)36
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.840[4]
very high · 42nd
CurrencyUAE dirham (AED)
Time zoneGST (UTC+4)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theright[5][6]
Calling code+971
ISO 3166 codeAE
Internet TLD

Contents

NamesEdit

People from this country are called Emiratis or Emirians. Emirians used to be called Trucial Coasters or just Trucials before independence. Emirians from ancient history are called Maganites.[7]

GeographyEdit

It borders Saudi Arabia to the south, Oman to the east, and Qatar to the west. The capital city of the UAE is Abu Dhabi, and the biggest city is Dubai. These cities have become global cities and are often visited by tourists. They have many skyscrapers and one of them, the Burj Khalifa, is the world's tallest structure.

CultureEdit

As a member of the Arab League, the country's official language is Arabic. The country has some traditions and one of them is eating dates. That is why date palms are often grown in the UAE.

The seven emirates of the UAEEdit

The seven emirates (territories which have an Islamic emir as its monarch and head of state) which make up the UAE used to have a special peace treaty (or truce) with the United Kingdom. This is why their old name was the Trucial States. These are:

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "The World Fact Book". Central Intelligence Agency.
  2. "United Arab Emirates". CIA World Factbook.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "United Arab Emirates". International Monetary Fund.
  4. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  5. "List of left- & right-driving countries".
  6. "Guide to Driving in UAE – Drive Safe in UAE".
  7. Winder, Bayly (1965). Saudi Arabia in the Nineteenth Century. p. 33.