United Arab Emirates

sovereign state in Southwest Asia

Coordinates: 24°N 54°E / 24°N 54°E / 24; 54

The United Arab Emirates or the UAE is a country in the Middle East. It is made up of seven emirates in the north-eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula, on the south side of the Persian Gulf.

United Arab Emirates

الإمارات العربية المتحدة (Arabic)
Dawlat-al-Imārāt al-'Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah
Flag of United Arab Emirates
Anthem: عيشي بلادي
"Īšiy Bilādī"
"Long Live my Nation"
Location of  United Arab Emirates  (green) in the Arabian Peninsula  (white)
Location of  United Arab Emirates  (green)

in the Arabian Peninsula  (white)

Location of United Arab Emirates
CapitalAbu Dhabi
24°28′N 54°22′E / 24.467°N 54.367°E / 24.467; 54.367
Largest cityDubai
25°15′N 55°18′E / 25.250°N 55.300°E / 25.250; 55.300
Official languagesArabic
Recognised national languages
Ethnic groups
GovernmentFederal absolute monarchy
• President
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
LegislatureFederal National Council
Establishment from the United Kingdom and the Trucial States
• Sharjah
• Abu Dhabi
• Ajman
• Dubai
• Fujairah
2 December 1971
• Admission of Ras al-Khaimah to the UAE
10 February 1972
• Total
83,600 km2 (32,300 sq mi) (114th)
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
9,400,000 (94th)
• 2005 census
• Density
99/km2 (256.4/sq mi) (110th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$693.765 billion[3] (32nd)
• Per capita
$68,424[3] (7th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$407.210 billion[3] (28th)
• Per capita
$40,162[3] (19th)
Gini (2008)36
HDI (2015)Increase 0.840[4]
very high · 42nd
CurrencyUAE dirham (AED)
Time zoneUTC+4 (GST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright[5][6]
Calling code+971
ISO 3166 codeAE
Internet TLD

People from this country are called Emiratis or Emirati citizens. They used to be called Trucial Coasters or just Trucials before independence. Emiratis from ancient history are called Maganites.[7]


It borders Saudi Arabia to the south, Oman to the east, and Qatar to the west. The capital city of the UAE is Abu Dhabi, and the biggest city is Dubai. These cities have become global cities and are often visited by tourists. They have many skyscrapers and one of them, the Burj Khalifa, is the world's tallest structure.[8]


As a member of the Arab League, the country's official language is Arabic. The country has some traditions and one of them is eating dates. That is why date palms are often grown in the UAE.

The seven emiratesEdit

In the 19th century the seven emirates (territories which have an Islamic emir as its monarch and head of state) which make up the UAE made a special peace treaty (or truce) with the United Kingdom. This made them an informal protectorate called the Trucial States. The treaty was cancelled in 1971 and the Trucial Sates became the independent UAE. The seven emirates are:

Related pagesEdit


  1. "The World Fact Book". Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2017-07-16. Retrieved 2017-11-25.
  2. "United Arab Emirates". CIA World Factbook.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "United Arab Emirates". International Monetary Fund.
  4. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  5. "List of left- & right-driving countries".
  6. "Guide to Driving in UAE – Drive Safe in UAE".
  7. Winder, Bayly (1965). Saudi Arabia in the Nineteenth Century. p. 33.
  8. "Did you know? Facts & Figures about the Burj Khalifa | Burj Khalifa". www.burjkhalifa.ae. Retrieved 2020-12-25.