sovereign state in western Asia

Oman, officially the Sultanate of Oman, is a country in the southwestern part of Asia, on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest. The coast is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, and the Gulf of Oman to the northeast. The capital is Muscat.

Sultanate of Oman
سلطنة عُمان
Salṭanat ʻUmān
National emblem of Oman
National emblem
Anthem: نشيد السلام السلطاني
"as-Salām as-Sultānī"
"Sultanic Salutation"
Location of Oman
and largest city
23°36′N 58°33′E / 23.600°N 58.550°E / 23.600; 58.550
Official languagesArabic
GovernmentUnitary Islamic absolute monarchy
• Sultan
Haitham bin Tariq Al Said
Fahd bin Mahmoud al Said[1]
• The Azd tribe migration
Late 2nd century
• Imamate established[2]
• Total
309,501 km2 (119,499 sq mi) (70th)
• Water (%)
• 2023 estimate
• 2010 census
• Density
9.2/km2 (23.8/sq mi) (220th)
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
• Total
$90.055 billion[4]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
• Total
$76.464 billion[4]
• Per capita
HDI (2013)Increase 0.731[5]
high · 100th
CurrencyRial (OMR)
Time zoneUTC+4 (GST)
• Summer (DST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+968
ISO 3166 codeOM
Internet, عمان.

The country is a monarchy, ruled by a Sultan, and the people are called Omanis. Right now, the sultan is Haitham bin Tariq Al Said. For a long time, the British have supported the sultans of Oman. In the 1960s and 1970s, some Omanis started a revolution to overthrow the sultan and end oppression, but the sultan defeated them with the help of Great Britain.[6]

Divisions change

Since 28 October 2011, Oman is divided into Eleven Governorates (Muhafazah):[7][8][9]

  • Ad Dakhiliyah Governorate
  • Ad Dhahirah North Governorate
  • Al Batinah North Governorate
  • Al Batinah South Governorate
  • Al Buraimi Governorate
  • Al Wusta Governorate
  • Ash Sharqiyah North Governorate
  • Ash Sharqiyah South Governorate
  • Dhofar Governorate
  • Muscat (Masqat) Governorate
  • Musandam Governorate

Below the governorates, Oman is divided into provinces.

Climate change

Oman has a hot climate and very little rainfall. Annual rainfall in Muscat averages 100 mm (3.9 in), falling mostly in January. Dhofar is subject to the southwest monsoon, and rainfall up to 640 mm (25.2 in) has been recorded in the rainy season from late June to October. While the mountain areas receive more rainfall, some parts of the coast, particularly near the island of Masirah, sometimes receive no rain at all within the course of a year. The climate generally is very hot, with temperatures reaching around 50 °C (122.0 °F) (peak) in the hot season, from May to September.

Related pages change

References change

  1. "Cabinet Ministers". Government of Oman. Archived from the original on 22 December 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
  2. Oman. MSN Encarta. Archived from the original on 2009-11-01. Retrieved 2012-03-04. In 751 Ibadi Muslims, a moderate branch of the Kharijites, established an imamate in Oman. Despite interruptions, the Ibadi imamate survived until the mid-20th century.
  3. "Final Results of Census 2010" (PDF). National Center for Statistics & Information. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2013. Retrieved 7 January 2012.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Oman". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
  5. UNDP (2011). Human Development Report 2011 (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. p. 132. ISBN 978-0-230-36331-1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-06-17. Retrieved 2013-07-15.
  6. Takriti, Abdel Razzaq (2016-08-25). Monsoon Revolution: Republicans, Sultans, and Empires in Oman, 1965-1976. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-251561-2.
  7. "Governorates of Sultanate Of Oman". Archived from the original on 2013-12-08. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
  8. "Seven new divisions created in Oman". Archived from the original on 2013-05-24. Retrieved 2022-01-10.
  9. "Seven governorates, officials named". Archived from the original on 2012-03-09. Retrieved 2012-04-02.