Oman, officially the Sultanate of Oman, is a country in the southwestern part of Asia, on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest. The coast is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, and the Gulf of Oman to the northeast.
Sultanate of Oman
Anthem: Nashid as-Salaam as-Sultani
National anthem of Oman
and largest city
|Government||Unitary Islamic absolute monarchy|
|Haitham bin Tariq Al Said|
|Fahd bin Mahmoud al Said|
• The Azd tribe migration
|Late 2nd century|
|309,501 km2 (119,499 sq mi) (70th)|
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
• 2010 census
|9.2/km2 (23.8/sq mi) (220th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2012 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2012 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2013)|| 0.731|
high · 100th
|Time zone||UTC+4 (GST)|
• Summer (DST)
|ISO 3166 code||OM|
|Internet TLD||.om, عمان.|
- Ad Dakhiliyah
- Ad Dhahirah North
- Al Batinah North
- Al Batinah South
- Al Buraimi
- Al Wusta
- Ash Sharqiyah North
- Ash Sharqiyah South
Below the governorates, Oman is divided into provinces.
Oman has a hot climate and very little rainfall. Annual rainfall in Muscat averages 100 mm (3.9 in), falling mostly in January. Dhofar is subject to the southwest monsoon, and rainfall up to 640 mm (25.2 in) has been recorded in the rainy season from late June to October. While the mountain areas receive more rainfall, some parts of the coast, particularly near the island of Masirah, sometimes receive no rain at all within the course of a year. The climate generally is very hot, with temperatures reaching around 50 °C (122.0 °F) (peak) in the hot season, from May to September.
- "Cabinet Ministers". Government of Oman. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
- Oman. MSN Encarta. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31.
In 751 Ibadi Muslims, a moderate branch of the Kharijites, established an imamate in Oman. Despite interruptions, the Ibadi imamate survived until the mid-20th century.
- "Final Results of Census 2010" (PDF). National Center for Statistics & Information. Retrieved 7 January 2012.
- "Oman". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
- UNDP (2011). Human Development Report 2011 (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. p. 132. ISBN 978-0-230-36331-1.
- Governorates of Sultanate Of Oman
- Seven new divisions created in Oman
- Seven governorates, officials named