The English used in this article or section may not be easy for everybody to understand. (January 2012)
Kosovo (officially the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija, Serbian: Косово), is an autonomous province of Serbia. It is recognised as an independent country by 97 out of 193 (50%) of the countries of the United Nations.
Serbian Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija
Kosovo physical map
Location of Kosovo within southeastern Europe
and largest city
|Pristina (Prishtina or Priština)|
|Official languages||Albanian, Serbian|
|Ethnic groups |
a Bosniaks, Gorani, Roma, Turks, Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians
|10,908 km2 (4,212 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2011 census
|159/km2 (411.8/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Euro (€); Serbian dinar (EUR)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
• Summer (DST)
Kosovo was part of the Dardani lands in ancient times. The Dardani were conquered by the Roman Empire. After the fall of Rome, it became part of the Byzantine Empire. It was taken over by them and the Bulgarian Empire. The Serbian Empire also defeated then. Soon after the Serbian defeat in the Battle of Kosovo, it became part of the Ottoman Empire.
When the Turks left the Balkans, it became part of the Kingdom of Serbia. In World War I, it briefly became a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Then in World War II, after Germany, Italy, and Bulgaria invaded, it was taken by the Italian Empire's puppet Kingdom of Albania. After the war, it became part of Yugoslavia in the 20th century. After NATO bombed Yugoslavia in 1999, it was under the administration of the United Nations (UNMIK).
To the north and east of Kosovo is the Republic of Serbia. To the south of Kosovo is North Macedonia. To the northwest is Montenegro and to the southwest is Albania. The capital is Pristina. Prishtina is also Kosovo's largest city. About 1.8 million people live in Kosovo.
The official results of the censuses in Kosovo about ethnic groups and nationality from after World War II to 1991 are below. The numbers of Albanians in the 1991 census were only guesses based on censuses in the past. Most Albanians did not do the 1991 census. Today, Kosovo is mainly Albanian.
|1948 census||1953 census||1961 census||1971 census||1981 census||1991 census|
|Others or not said||1,577||0.2||2,469||0.3||2,188||0.2||4,280||0.3||3,454||0.2||11,656||0.6|
Kosovo is divided into 7 districts. These districts include 38 municipalities:
|1||District of Peja||Peja||1,365||174,235||Peja, Burim, Klina|
|2||District of Mitrovica||Mitrovica||2,077||272,247||Leposaviq, Mitrovica, North Mitrovica, Skenderaj, Vushtrri, Zubin Potok, Zveçan|
|3||District of Prishtina||Prishtina||2,470||477,312||Drenas, Graçanica, Fushë Kosovë, Lipjan, Artana, Kastriot, Podujevo, Prishtina|
|4||District of Gjilan||Gjilan||1,206||180,783||Gjilan, Kamenica, Kllokot, Partesh, Ranillug, Vitia|
|5||District of Gjakova||Gjakova||1,129||194,672||Deçan, Gjakova, Junik, Rahovec|
|6||District of Prizren||Prizren||1,397||331,670||Dragash, Malisheva, Mamusha, Prizren, Suhareka|
|7||District of Ferizaj||Ferizaj||1,030||185,806||Ferizaj, Hani i Elezit, Kaçanik, Shtime, Shtërpcë|
- "CIA World Factbook". CIA. Cite journal requires
|journal=(help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- "Population estimates for Kosovo July 2011" (PDF). Census 2011. Kosovo statistical office. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- "Kosovo PPP". IMF. 14 September 2006. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
- "CIA: Kosovo". Cia.gov. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
- "Kosovo". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
- History of Kosovo and Metohija
- The Rastko Project
- Coordination Center of SCG and the Republic of Serbia for Kosovo
- Eastern Orthodox Resource Centre
- Hugo Roth, Kosovo Origins: an historian's comprehensive overview
- Dušan T. Bataković, The Kosovo Chronicles, Plato Books, Belgrade 1992.
- R. Petrović, M. Blagojević, The Migration of the Serbs and Montenegrins from Kosovo and Metohija, SASA, Belgrade 1992,
- Dušan T. Bataković, Kosovo. La spirale de la haine, L'Age d'Homme, Lausanne 1998.
- Kosovo-Kosova. Confrontation or Coexistence, Nijmegen: University of Nijmegen & Political Cultural Centre 042 1996.
- Kosovo. Avoiding Another Balkan War,Thanos Veremis & Evangelos Kofos, (eds.), Athens:Eliamep & University of Athens, 1998.
- Kosovo. Contending Voices on Balkan Interventions, William Joseph Buckley, ed.,William B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan & Cambridge U. K 2000
- Kosovo and Metohija. Living in the Enclave, D. T. Bataković (ed.), Institute for Balkan Studies, Belgrade 2007, 314 p. ISBN 978-86-7179-052-9
- Jean-Arnault Dérens, Kosovo. Année zéro, préface de Marek Antoni Nowick,i Paris: Paris-Méditerranée, 2004.
- Dušan T. Bataković, Kosovo. Un conflit sans fin? Lausanne: L'Age d'Homme 2008. 322 p. ISBN 978-2-8251-3875-5
- Dušan T. Bataković, Serbia's Kosovo Drama. A Historical Perspective, Belgrade: Čigoja Štampa, 2012, 369 p. ISBN 978-86-7558-903-7
- Media related to Kosovo at Wikimedia Commons