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Kosovo, or officially the Republic of Kosovo (Albanian: Kosova, Serbian: Косово), is a republic in the Balkans. It is recognized by 98 out of 193 (51%) of the countries of the United Nations as an independent country. However, some view the disputed region as part of Serbia. Albanian politicians declared independence from Serbia in 2008.
Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo physical map
Location of Kosovo within southeastern Europe
and largest city
|Pristina (Prishtina or Priština)|
|Ethnic groups |
a Bosniaks, Gorani, Roma, Turks, Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians
|10,908 km2 (4,212 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2011 census
|159/km2 (411.8/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Euro (€); Serbian dinar (EUR)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
• Summer (DST)
|Calling code||+381 (Serbia) for fixed lines; mobile phone providers in Kosovo use +377 (Monaco) or +386 (Slovenia)|
Kosovo was part of the Dardani lands in ancient times. Then, the Dardani were conquered and civilised by the Roman Empire, and after the fall of Rome became part of the Byzantine Empire, and was conquered back and forth by them and the Bulgarian Empire as well as the Serbian Empire, and soon after the Serbian defeat in the Battle of Kosovo it became part of the Ottoman Empire. When the Turks left the Balkans, it became part of the Kingdom of Serbia. In World War I for a short time it was taken by the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Then in World War II, after Germany, Italy, and Bulgaria invaded, it was taken by the Italian Empire's puppet Kingdom of Albania. After the war, it became part of Yugoslavia in the 20th century. After NATO bombed Yugoslavia in 1999, the territory came under the administration of the United Nations (UNMIK).
The Assembly of Kosovo, a political gathering of mostly Albanian politicians from Kosovo, declared indepedence in February 2008. This is disputed by Serbia who don't accept their independence. Serbia still sees the territory as the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija.
To the north and east of Kosovo is the Republic of Serbia. To the south of Kosovo is North Macedonia. To the northwest is Montenegro and to the southwest is Albania. The capital is Pristina. Prishtina is also Kosovo's largest city. About 1.8 million people live in Kosovo. In 1948, Schools in Kosovo are all in the Albanian language, even though some Serbs still live in the country.
The official results of the censuses in Kosovo about ethnic groups and nationality from after World War II to 1991 are below. The numbers of Albanians in the 1991 census were only guesses based on censuses in the past, since most Albanians did not do the 1991 census. Today Kosovo is predominately Albanian.
|1948 census||1953 census||1961 census||1971 census||1981 census||1991 census|
|Others or not said||1,577||0.2||2,469||0.3||2,188||0.2||4,280||0.3||3,454||0.2||11,656||0.6|
Kosovo is divided into 7 districts. These districts include 38 municipalities:
|1||District of Peja||Peja||1,365||174,235||Peja, Burim, Klina|
|2||District of Mitrovica||Mitrovica||2,077||272,247||Leposaviq, Mitrovica, North Mitrovica, Skenderaj, Vushtrri, Zubin Potok, Zveçan|
|3||District of Prishtina||Prishtina||2,470||477,312||Drenas, Graçanica, Fushë Kosovë, Lipjan, Artana, Kastriot, Podujevo, Prishtina|
|4||District of Gjilan||Gjilan||1,206||180,783||Gjilan, Kamenica, Kllokot, Partesh, Ranillug, Vitia|
|5||District of Gjakova||Gjakova||1,129||194,672||Deçan, Gjakova, Junik, Rahovec|
|6||District of Prizren||Prizren||1,397||331,670||Dragash, Malisheva, Mamusha, Prizren, Suhareka|
|7||District of Ferizaj||Ferizaj||1,030||185,806||Ferizaj, Hani i Elezit, Kaçanik, Shtime, Shtërpcë|
- CIA World Factbook. CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kv.html
- "Population estimates for Kosovo July 2011" (PDF). Census 2011. Kosovo statistical office. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- "Kosovo PPP". IMF. 14 September 2006. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
- "CIA: Kosovo". Cia.gov. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
- "Kosovo". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
- Dušan T. Bataković, The Kosovo Chronicles, Plato Books, Belgrade 1992.
- R. Petrović, M. Blagojević, The Migration of the Serbs and Montenegrins from Kosovo and Metohija, SASA, Belgrade 1992,
- Dušan T. Bataković, Kosovo. La spirale de la haine, L'Age d'Homme, Lausanne 1998.
- Kosovo-Kosova. Confrontation or Coexistence, Nijmegen: University of Nijmegen & Political Cultural Centre 042 1996.
- Kosovo. Avoiding Another Balkan War,Thanos Veremis & Evangelos Kofos, (eds.), Athens:Eliamep & University of Athens, 1998.
- Kosovo. Contending Voices on Balkan Interventions, William Joseph Buckley, ed.,William B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan & Cambridge U. K 2000
- Kosovo and Metohija. Living in the Enclave, D. T. Bataković (ed.), Institute for Balkan Studies, Belgrade 2007, 314 p. ISBN 978-86-7179-052-9
- Jean-Arnault Dérens, Kosovo. Année zéro, préface de Marek Antoni Nowick,i Paris: Paris-Méditerranée, 2004.
- Dušan T. Bataković, Kosovo. Un conflit sans fin? Lausanne: L'Age d'Homme 2008. 322 p. ISBN 978-2-8251-3875-5
- Dušan T. Bataković, Serbia's Kosovo Drama. A Historical Perspective, Belgrade: Čigoja Štampa, 2012, 369 p. ISBN 978-86-7558-903-7
Media related to Kosovo at Wikimedia Commons