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Arab League

organisation of Arab states

The Arab League is an organization made up of countries in the Arab world in Northern Africa and Southwest Asia. Most, though not all of these countries use Arabic as their official language. The purpose is to find ways for the countries to have unity and to work together to solve their problems.

League of Arab States

  • جامعة الدول العربية
  • Jāmiʻat ad-Duwal al-ʻArabiyya
Flag of the Arab League
Flag
Emblem of the Arab League
Emblem
Location of the Arab League
Administrative centerCairoa
Official languages
Membership
Leaders
Nabil el-Araby
Ali Al-Daqbaashi
 Lebanon
LegislatureArab Parliament
Establishment
22 March 1945
Area
• Total area
13,333,296 km2 (5,148,014 sq mi)
Population
• 2012 estimate
400,652,486
• Density
24.33/km2 (63.0/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$4.766 trillion[1]
• Per capita
$11895
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
[source?]
• Per capita
[source?]
Currency
Time zoneUTC+0 to +4
  1. From 1979 to 1989, Tunis, Tunisia.
  2. Suspended.
  3. Representing Syria.

MissionEdit

The organization uses the Arabic Language in its summits and all official papers, although it has never been stated by the League that Arabic is the Official Language. The Arab League was founded following the Protocol of Alexandria signed in 1945 by seven Arab States: Egypt, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Trans-Jordan (Jordan). Today the League has 22 members. All countries having Arabic as an official language are among the members of the League, except for Israel, Eritrea and Chad which are not members.

MembersEdit

The countries in the Arab League are:

  • Egypt - March 22, 1945 (Founder) (suspended, 1979-1989)
  • Iraq - March 22, 1945 (Founder)
  • Jordan - March 22, 1945 (Founder) (entered when still using the name "Transjordan")
  • Lebanon - March 22, 1945 (Founder)
  • Saudi Arabia - March 22, 1945 (Founder)
  • Syria - March 22, 1945 (Founder)
  • Yemen - May 5, 1945 (Founder)
  • Libya - March 28, 1953
  • Sudan - January 19, 1956
  • Morocco - October 1, 1958
  • Tunisia - October 1, 1958
  • Kuwait - July 20, 1961
  • Algeria - August 16, 1962
  • United Arab Emirates - June 12, 1971
  • Bahrain - September 11, 1971
  • Qatar - September 11, 1971
  • Oman - September 29, 1971
  • Mauritania - November 26, 1973
  • Somalia - February 14, 1974
  • Palestine - succeeding to the position held by the Palestine Liberation Organization since September 9, 1976
  • Djibouti - April 9, 1977
  • Comoros - November 20, 1993

List of Secretaries-GeneralEdit

Secretary-General Birth–Death Took office Left office Nationality Photo
1 Abdul Rahman Azzam 1893–1976 22 March 1945 September 1952   Egypt
2 Abdul Khalek Hassouna 1898–1992 September 1952 1 June 1972   Egypt
3 Mahmoud Riad 1917–1992 1 June 1972 March 1979   Egypt  
4 Chedli Klibi 1925–present March 1979 September 1990   Tunisia  
5 Ahmed Asmat Abdel-Meguid 1924–2013 15 May 1991 15 May 2001   Egypt  
6 Amr Moussa 1936–present 15 May 2001 1 July 2011   Egypt  
7 Nabil Elaraby 1935–present 1 July 2011 3 July 2016   Egypt  
8 Ahmed Aboul Gheit 1942–present 3 July 2016 '   Egypt  

ReferencesEdit

  1. MENAFN (28 December 2009). "Qatar, UAE, wealthiest Arab states". Retrieved 26 July 2010.