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Jordan

constitutional monarchy in Western Asia

Jordan is a country in the Middle East. Its official name is The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية (Arabic)
Al-Mamlakah Al-Urdunnīyah Al-Hāshimīyah
Coat of arms of Jordan
Coat of arms
Motto: "God, Country, King"
الله، الوطن ، الملك"
"Allah, Al-Waṭan, Al-Malik"[1]
Anthem: The Royal Anthem of Jordan
السلام الملكي الأردني
Al-Salam Al-Malaki Al-Urdunni

Location of Jordan
Location of Jordan
Capital
and largest city
Amman
31°57′N 35°56′E / 31.950°N 35.933°E / 31.950; 35.933
Official languagesArabic
Ethnic groups
Religion
DemonymJordanian
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Abdullah II
Omar Razzaz
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Independence from the United Kingdom mandate
• Emirate
11 April 1921
25 May 1946
11 January 1952
Area
• Total
89,341 km2 (34,495 sq mi) (110th)
• Water (%)
0.6
Population
• 2017 estimate
10,011,820[2] (90th)
• 2015 census
9,531,712
• Density
107/km2 (277.1/sq mi) (100th)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$86.193 billion[3] (87th)
• Per capita
$11,124[3] (86th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$39.453 billion[3] (92nd)
• Per capita
$5,092[3] (95th)
Gini (2011)35.4[4]
medium
HDI (2014)Steady 0.748[5]
high · 80th
CurrencyJordanian dinar (JOD)
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+962
ISO 3166 codeJO
Internet TLD.jo
.الاردن
A map of Jordan

Contents

GeographyEdit

Jordan has borders with the countries of Saudi Arabia, Israel, Syria and Iraq. It also has a very short coast on the Red Sea, and a longer coast along the Dead Sea.

Most of Jordan is desert and the country is very dry. The northwest of Jordan is its highest part, and its lowest part is the Dead Sea. This is the lowest place on the Earth that is open to the sky.

The capital of Jordan is Amman.

GovernoratesEdit

Jordan is divided into 12 Governorates. The governorates are divided into 54 departments or districts named Nahias.

Governorate Capital Region
Ajloun Governorate Ajloun North
Aqaba Governorate Aqaba South
Balqa Governorate Salt Central
Capital Governorate Amman Central
Irbid Governorate Irbid North
Jerash Governorate Jerash North
Governorate Capital Location
Karak Governorate Al Karak South
Ma'an Governorate Ma'an South
Madaba Governorate Madaba Central
Mafraq Governorate Mafraq North
Tafilah Governorate Tafilah South
Zarqa Governorate Zarqa Central

CultureEdit

People from Jordan are called Jordanians. Most of them speak Arabic as their first language. The population of Jordan is about 10.5 million people.

Jordan is a constitutional monarchy and has a king. The King is the head of state, but he does not have all the power in the country. King Abdullah II has been the King of Jordan since February 1999. Most Jordanians are Muslim. There are around 200-400 000 Christians.

Jordan's national meal is mansaf. The most popular sport is football.

EconomyEdit

Unlike some of the countries around it, Jordan has little petroleum and natural gas. Some of its economy comes from mining instead. Jordan is the largest producer of the mineral phosphate in the world.[6]

The currency of Jordan is called the Jordanian dinar.

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Temperman, Jeroen (2010). State-Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law: Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance. Brill. p. 87. ISBN 90-04-18148-2. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  2. "Population clock". Department of Statistics. Archived from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Jordan". International Monetary Fund.
  4. "Gini index". World Bank. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  5. "2015 Human Development Report Summary" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 1 January 2015. pp. 21–25. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
  6. Economic Impact on the U.S. of a U.S.-Jordan Free Trade Agreement, Inv. 332-418. DIANE Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4578-2335-0.

GalleryEdit

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Jordan at Wikimedia Commons