Arabic-speaking ethnoreligious group of the Levant

Druze (/ˈdrz/;[17] Arabic: دروز; Durūz) is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion. Druze is related to Islam and Christianity but more based on philosophy. The religion was founded by Hamza ibn Ali, who preached that Al-Hakim, a ruler of Egypt, was a "Manifestation of God". The name Druze probably comes from Darazi, a preacher who was expelled from the Druze religion, because he preached that Al-Hakim was literally God.

Druze star.svg
Total population
Hamza and Al Hakim[5]
Regions with significant populations
 United States50,000[12]
Unitarian Druze
Epistles of Wisdom (Rasa'il al-hikma)

Its adherents, called Muwahiddun are an Arabic-speaking people of the Middle East. There are more than 500,000 Muwahiddun. Most of them live in Syria and Lebanon. Some have emigrated to the United States and Canada. Although sometimes many Muwahiddun consider themselves part of Shia Islam, in Israel they are considered part of a different ethnic and religious group within the Arabic-speaking minority.

Muwahiddun in Lebanon had a major political influence and were the rulers of Lebanon before the 1860s. After the 1860s, they shared the ruling of Mount Lebanon with the Maronites and were later considered the 4th major religious sect after independence. They played a key role in fighting against the Lebanese Christian right during the early 1980s. Muwahiddun ended their fighting against the Lebanese Christian right in late 1990. In 1990 and 1991, they gained representation in Lebanon's government in accordance with a 1989 peace agreement. After DNA analysis of Shroud of Turin it is believed that Jesus shares 96% DNA with Druze.


  1. Carl Skutsch (7 Nov 2013). Skutsch, Carl (ed.). Encyclopedia of the World's Minorities. Routledge. p. 410. ISBN 978-1-135-19388-1. Total Population: 800,000
  2. Robert Brenton Betts (1 Jan 1990). The Druze (illustrated, reprint, revised ed.). Yale University Press. p. 55. ISBN 978-0-300-04810-0. The total population of Druze throughout the world probably approaches one million.
  3. Donna Marsh (11 May 2015). Doing Business in the Middle East: A cultural and practical guide for all Business Professionals (revised ed.). Hachette UK. ISBN 978-1-4721-3567-4. It is believed there are no more than 1 million Druze worldwide; most live in the Levant.
  4. Samy Swayd (10 Mar 2015). Historical Dictionary of the Druzes (2 ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-4422-4617-1. The Druze world population at present is perhaps nearing two million; ...
  5. Daftary, Ferhad. "ḤĀKEM BE-AMR-ALLĀH". Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  6. http://gulf2000.columbia.edu/images/maps/Syria_Religion_Detailed_lg.png
  7. Irshaid, Faisal (19 June 2015). "Syria's Druze under threat as conflict spreads". BBC News.
  8. Lebanon – International Religious Freedom Report 2008 U.S. Department of State. Retrieved on 2013-06-13.
  9. "Palestinians say they number 12.1 million worldwide". Times of Israel. 2015.
  10. International Religious Freedom Report, US State Department, 2005
  11. "Tariq Alaiseme [reportedly to be] vice-president of Venezuela" (in Arabic). Aamama. 2013.: Referring governor Tareck El Aissami.
  12. Druze Traditions, Institute of Druze Studies, archived from the original on 14 January 2009
  13. "Dating Druze: The struggle to find love in a dwindling diaspora". www.cbc.ca. Retrieved July 18, 2020.
  14. "Druze Population of Australia by Place of Usual Residence (2006)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
  15. "European Druze Society". www.europeandruzesociety.com.
  16. Berdichevsky, Norman (22 February 2018). Nations, Language and Citizenship. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-2700-0.
  17. "Definition of druze". Dictionary.com. 2013-07-18. Retrieved 2019-08-26.