sovereign state in Western Asia

Lebanon is a country in the Middle East, located in Western Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea. It has a border with Israel to the south, and Syria to the east and north. Lebanon has been independent since 1943. Its capital city is Beirut.

Lebanese Republic
  • الجمهورية اللبنانية
  • Al-Jumhūrīyah Al-Libnānīyah
  • République libanaise
Coat of arms of Lebanon
Coat of arms
Location of Lebanon
and largest city
33°54′N 35°32′E / 33.900°N 35.533°E / 33.900; 35.533
Official languagesArabic
GovernmentUnitary confessionalist
parliamentary republic[1]
• President
Michel Aoun
Najib Mikati
Nabih Berri
LegislatureChamber of Deputies
1 September 1920
• Constitution
23 May 1926
• Independence declared
8 November 1943
• Independence recognized by France
22 November 1943
• Withdrawal of French forces
31 December 1946
• Total
10,452 km2 (4,036 sq mi) (166th)
• Water (%)
• 2021 estimate
5,260,000[2] (121st)
• Density
656/km2 (1,699.0/sq mi)2018 (17th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$61.444 billion[3] (83rd)
• Per capita
$15,522[3] (57th)
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$39.039 billion[3] (80th)
• Per capita
$9,862[3] (63rd)
HDI (2013)Increase 0.745[4]
high · 72nd
CurrencyLebanese pound (LBP)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving sideright[5]
Calling code+961
ISO 3166 codeLB
Internet TLD.lb
  1. Article 11 of the Constitution of Lebanon states that "Arabic is the official language. A law determines the cases in which the French language is to be used."

Lebanon has two chains of mountains. It is often called the ruby of the Middle East. It has a coastline stretching all the way up. The area of Lebanon is 10,452 square kilometers.

The Cedar tree is the national symbol of Lebanon; because many of them grow in the Lebanon Mountains.

Population of LebanonEdit

Around 5.2 million people live in Lebanon.[6]

Around 14 million Lebanese people live outside Lebanon. [7]

The people of LebanonEdit

About 61% of Lebanese people are Muslim and 34% are Christian.[6]

Lebanese people mostly speak Arabic; but French, English, and Armenian are also common languages.

Governorates and districtsEdit

Lebanon is divided into six governorates. These are divided into 25 districts.[8] The districts are also divided into several municipalities. The governorates and their districts are listed below:

The historic site of Baalbek in Lebanon

Related pagesEdit


  1. "The Lebanese Constitution" (PDF). Presidency of Lebanon. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
  2. Template:Url=https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/field/population/country-comparison
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Lebanon". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  4. "HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
  5. "Driving in Lebanon". Adcidl.com. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "The World Factbook". CIA. United States government. July 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. "The Lebanese Diaspora: An Exploration of Assimilation and Success in the United States". March 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. USAID Lebanon. "USAID Lebanon—Definitions of Terms used" Archived 2007-01-27 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 17 December 2006.