Zionism is the nationalist movement to bring back an independent country for the Jewish people in part of the Land of Israel, the site of the first Jewish states. This movement resulted in the creation of the State of Israel in 1948.
|Part of a series on|
|Jewish religious movements|
|Jewish life cycle|
|Religious buildings & institutions|
|Jewish prayers and services|
|Judaism & other religions|
The word 'Zionism' comes from Zion, which means Jerusalem. Theodor Herzl started the modern Zionist movement. At the time, the Land of Israel was called Palestine. It was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1917, the British made a statement called the Balfour Declaration. They agreed to support a Jewish homeland in Palestine.