French Algeria

French colony in Northern Africa from 1830 to 1962

French Algeria (French: Alger to 1839, then Algérie afterwards;[1] unofficially Algérie française,[2][3] Arabic: الجزائر المستعمرة), also known as Colonial Algeria, was when France colonized Algeria.

French Algeria
Algérie française (French)
الجزائر المستعمرة (Arabic)
Flag of Algeria
Anthem: La Parisienne (1830–1848)
Le Chant des Girondins (1848–1852)
Partant pour la Syrie (1852–1870)
La Marseillaise (1870–1962)
Official Arabic seal of the Governor General of Algeria
Official Arabic seal of the Governor General of French Algeria.svg
Chronological map of French Algeria's evolution
Chronological map of French Algeria's evolution
De jure: Départements of Metropolitan France
De facto: Colony
and largest city
Official languagesFrench
Other languages
GovernmentFrench Department
Governor General 
• 1830 (first)
Louis-Auguste-Victor Bourmont
• 1962 (last)
Christian Fouchet
LegislatureAlgerian Assembly [fr] (1948–1956)
5 July 1830
5 July 1962
• Total
2,381,741 km2 (919,595 sq mi)
CurrencyBudju (1830–1848)
(Algerian) Franc (1848–1962)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
ISO 3166 codeDZ
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Ottoman Algeria
Emirate of Abdelkader
Kingdom of Ait Abbas
Kel Ahaggar
People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Today part ofAlgeria

French rule began in 1830 after the invasion of Algiers and lasted until the end of the Algerian War of Independence in 1962.


  1. Scheiner, Virgile (14 October 1839) Le pays occupé par les Français dans le nord de l'Afrique sera, à l'avenir, désigné sous le nom d'Algérie. (in French)
  2. Non exhaustive list of ancient and modern books named "Algérie française": (in French) 1848; 1856; 1864; 2007; and so on
  3. African Boundaries. Royal Institute for international affairs. 1979. p. 89. ISBN 9780903983877.