State of Palestine

de jure sovereign state in the Middle East, recognized as such by several countries and international organizations, and as an observer member in the United Nations and for most other countries

The State of Palestine, also known simply as Palestine, is a de jure sovereign state in the Middle East with Jerusalem as its capital.[16][17] It is recognized by 141 UN members. Since 2012 it has non-member observer status in the United Nations. This amounts to a de facto, or implicit, recognition of statehood.[18][19][20]

State of Palestine[i]

دولة فلسطين (Arabic)
Dawlat Filasṭīn
Coat of arms of Palestine
Coat of arms
Anthem: "فدائي"
"Fedâi"[1][2]
"My Redemption"
Territory claimed by the State of Palestine (green)[3] Territory also claimed by Israel (light green)
Territory claimed by the State of Palestine (green)[3]
Territory also claimed by Israel (light green)
StatusPartially recognized state, UN observer state
Recognized by 138 UN member states
  • Proclaimed capital
  • Administrative
    center
Largest cityGaza City
Official languagesArabic
Demonym(s)Palestinian
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic[6]
• President
Mahmoud Abbasb
Mohammad Shtayyeh
Salim Zanoun
LegislatureNational Council
Formation
15 November 1988
29 November 2012
• Sovereignty dispute with Israel
Ongoingc[iii][7][8]
Area
• Total
6,020[9] km2 (2,320 sq mi) (163rd)
• Water (%)
3.5[10]
5,655 km2
365 km2[11]
Population
• 2020 estimate
5,051,953[12] (121st)
• Density
731/km2 (1,893.3/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2008a estimate
• Total
$11.95 billiona ()
• Per capita
$2,900a ()
Gini (2009)35.5[13]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.690[14]
medium · 119th
Currency
Time zoneUTC+2 (Palestine Standard Time)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (Palestine Summer Time)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+970
ISO 3166 codePS
Internet TLD.ps
  1. Population and economy statistics and rankings are based on data from the PCBS.
  2. Also the leader of the state's government.[iv]
  3. The territory claimed is under Israeli occupation.

The State of Palestine claims the West Bank and the Gaza Strip as its territory. Its independence was declared on 15 November 1988.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Palestinian National Authority". World Statesmen.org. Ben Cahoon. Archived from the original on 8 February 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  2. "Palestine". nationalanthems.info. Archived from the original (includes audio) on 31 March 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  3. "Ban sends Palestinian application for UN membership to Security Council". United Nations News Centre. 23 September 2011. Archived from the original on 10 October 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
  4. Bissio, Robert Remo, ed. (1995). The World: A Third World Guide 1995–96. Montevideo: Instituto del Tercer Mundo. p. 443. ISBN 978-0-85598-291-1.
  5. Lapidoth, Ruth (2011). "Jerusalem: Some Legal Issues" (PDF). The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies. p. 26. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 June 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014. The attitude of the Palestinians was expressed inter alia in 1988 and 2002. When the Palestine National Council proclaimed in November 1988 the establishment of a Palestinian State, it asserted that Jerusalem was its capital. In October 2002, the Palestinian Legislative Council adopted the Law on the Capital, which stipulates that Jerusalem is the capital of the Palestinian State, the main seat of its three branches of government. The State of Palestine is the sovereign of Jerusalem and of its holy places. Any statute or agreement that diminishes the rights of the Palestinian State in Jerusalem is invalid. This statute can be amended only with the consent of two-thirds of the members of the Legislative Council. The 2003 Basic Law also asserts that Jerusalem is the capital of the State of Palestine. Reprinted from: Wolfrum, Rüdiger (ed.) (online 2008, print 2011). The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law. Oxford University Press.
  6. "Declaration of Independence (1988) (UN Doc)". State of Palestine Permanent Observer Mission to the United Nations. United Nations. 18 November 1988. Archived from the original on 8 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  7. Miskin, Maayana (5 December 2012). "PA Weighs 'State of Palestine' Passport". israelnationalnews.com. Arutz Sheva. Archived from the original on 7 December 2012. Retrieved 8 June 2014. A senior PA official revealed the plans in an interview with Al-Quds newspaper. The change to 'state' status is important because it shows that 'the state of Palestine is occupied,' he said.
  8. "State of Palestine name change shows limitations". AP. 17 January 2013. Archived from the original on 10 January 2013. Israel remains in charge of territories the world says should one day make up that state.
  9. "Table 3, Population by sex, annual rate of population increase, surface area and density" (PDF). Demographic Yearbook. United Nations Statistics Division. 2012. Archived from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  10. "The World Factbook: Middle East: West Bank". cia.gov. Central Intelligence Agency. 7 April 2014. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  11. "The World Factbook: Middle East: Gaza Strip". cia.gov. Central Intelligence Agency. 12 May 2014. Archived from the original on 8 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  12. "State of Palestine Population". Worldometers. Worldometers. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  13. "GINI Index: West Bank and Gaza". The World Bank: Data. Archived from the original on 8 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  14. "Human Development Report 2019" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. December 10, 2019. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
  15. According to Article 4 of the 1994 Paris Protocol Archived 1 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine. The Protocol allows the Palestinian Authority to adopt multiple currencies. In the West Bank, the Israeli new sheqel and Jordanian dinar are widely accepted; while in the Gaza Strip, the Israeli new sheqel and Egyptian pound are widely accepted.
  16. Al Zoughbi, Basheer (November 2011). "The de jure State of Palestine under Belligerent Occupation: Application for Admission to the United Nations" (PDF). Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  17. Falk, Palma (30 November 2012). "Is Palestine now a state?". CBS News. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  18. "Israel defies UN after vote on Palestine with plans for 3,000 new homes in the West Bank". The Independent. 1 December 2012. [1]
  19. Charbonneau, Louis (29 November 2012). "Palestinians win implicit U.N. recognition of sovereign state". Reuters. Thomson Reuters. Archived from the original on 5 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  20. Lederer, Edith M (30 November 2012). "Live Stream: Palestine asks United Nations for a 'birth certificate' ahead of vote". www.3news.com. New Zealand: MediaWorks TV. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2014.