Mahmoud Abbas

president of the State of Palestine since 2005

Mahmoud Abbas (Arabic: محمود عباس) (born 15 November 1935[1][2]), also known by the Kunya Abu Mazen (Arabic: ابو مازن), was elected President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) or State of Palestine on 9 January 2005. He took office on 15 January 2005.[2]

Mahmoud Abbas
Abu Mazen
مَحْمُود عَبَّاس
أَبُو مَازِن
Abbas in 2023
President of the Palestinian National Authority
Assumed office
15 January 20051
Prime MinisterAhmed Qurei
Nabil Shaath (Acting)
Ahmed Qurei
Ismail Haniyeh
Salam Fayyad
Rami Hamdallah
Mohammad Shtayyeh
Preceded byRawhi Fattouh (interim)
2nd President of the State of Palestine
Assumed office
8 May 2005
Acting: 8 May 2005 – 23 November 2008
Preceded byYasser Arafat
4th Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization
Assumed office
29 October 2004
Acting: 29 October 2004 – 11 November 2004
Preceded byYasser Arafat
1st Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority
In office
19 March 2003 – 6 September 2003
PresidentYasser Arafat
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byAhmad Qurei
Personal details
Born (1935-11-15) 15 November 1935 (age 88)
Safed, Mandatory Palestine
Political partyFatah
Spouse(s)Amina Abbas
ChildrenMazen Abbas
Yasser Abbas
Tareq Abbas
ResidenceRamallah, West Bank
Alma materDamascus University
Patrice Lumumba Peoples' Friendship University
1) Abbas's term as President expired 15 January 2009, since when Aziz Duwaik had been recognised as President by the Haniyeh government in the Gaza Strip, while Abbas is recognised as President by the Fayyad government in the West Bank and all the states that recognise the independence of Palestine, as well as the UN. In April 2014 he was recognized by Haniyeh in the context of the Unity Government.

Abbas is a leading politician in Fatah. He served as the first Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority from March to October 2003. He resigned because of a lack of support from Israel and the United States as well as "internal incitement" against his government. Before becoming Prime Minister, Abbas led the Negotiations Affairs Department of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). He has served as Chairman of the PLO Executive Committee since 11 November 2004, after Yasser Arafat's death. Abbas is said to the an example of moderation in Palestine by Israel and the west.

Early years and education


Abbas was born in Safed. As a child, he and his family fled to Syria during the capture of the city by Jewish forces in May 1948.

He graduated from the Faculty of Law of the University of Damascus and postgraduate studies at the University of Friendship of Peoples. Patrice Lumumba. In 1982 he defended his dissertation at the Moscow branch of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the USSR Academy of Sciences on "The Secret Relationship between Nazism and Zionism",[3] the main ideas of which some sources interpreted as Holocaust denial.[4][5] The director of the institute, EM Primakov, appointed Abbas VI Kiselyov, a specialist in the history of Palestine, as the scientific supervisor.[3] Based on his dissertation, Abbas wrote a monograph, The Other Side: The Secret Relations between the Nazis and the Zionist Leadership.

In the "Relevance of the Topic" section of the dissertation, Abbas notes: "As the overall decline of capitalism deepens, the decline of Zionist ideology becomes more and more apparent Expansionist and racist forms… Exposing reactionary ideology… is considered an urgent matter for the entire anti-imperialist camp… The immediate goal of all modern anti-imperialist forces is to defend the world, denouement, democracy and social progress. Abbas sees his task in this scholarly work in "finding the connection between Zionism and Nazism of the Third Reich" because "Zionism flirted with Nazi Germany, so Zionist officials first established contacts with a regime that defined anti-Semitism as its own official state policy." And then "Zionist favorites та made secret deals with the Nazi government to organize the resettlement of deliberately selected Jewish parties in Palestine… Mossad emissaries were given the right to visit concentration camps by the Nazis со to sort prisoners.[6][7]

In his dissertation, Abbas exposes other Zionist conspiracies with the Nazis: in order to populate Palestine with Jews, under the so-called Haavar agreement for 1,000 pounds, the Nazis released any Jew who wanted to leave Germany. "And in this the Zionists met with a favorable attitude of the authorities, which sought to cleanse Germany of Jews." Abbas notes "the closeness of the ideological concepts of Zionism and Nazism in terms of national chauvinism and racism." According to Abbas, this "mutually beneficial joint work" lasted for 6 years — from 1933 to 1939.

Two years later, at the Ibn Rashid publishing house in Amman, Jordan, Abbas published his own book in Arabic, The Hidden Relationships of Zionism and Nazism during World War II, an extended version of his dissertation, in which he rejected Zionist fabrications and the mythical heresy of the deaths of 6 million Jews — some of those who died suffered from a joint (Nazi-Zionist) conspiracy. He said: "The exact number of Jews killed in the war was significantly less than 6 million, even less than a million. The task of the Zionists was to increase the number of victims among the Jewish people in order to arouse the sympathy of the international community." In fact, according to him, "only 890 thousand Jews died, and crematorium furnaces were used only for the cremation of the bodies of the inhabitants of our planet who died of disease — to prevent the spread of infection."

Abu Mazen said that saving the Jews for humanitarian purposes was not of interest to the Zionists, and therefore "they did not make the slightest effort to persuade the West to accept Jewish refugees who had fled Nazi hell." He claims that the Zionists thwarted various intentions to support and promote salvation and hid information about the terrible participation of Euro-Jews "so that they would not need to take the necessary, predictable measures." He writes that "the Zionist movement was deliberately provoked against the Jews who lived on Nazi land in order to provoke dislike of the authorities and their group elimination".[8][9][10]



There are frequent accusations that Palestinian Authority (PA) officials, including Abbas, have been involved in stealing public money.

During his testimony to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Middle East and South Asia, Elliott Abrams mentioned that "Corruption harms Palestinian finances and makes people lose trust in the entire political system. It has also made potential donors doubtful. I can share from my experience, as an American official seeking financial support for the Palestinian Authority from Gulf Arab countries, that I often heard, 'Why should we give them money when their officials will just take it?'"[11]

In June 2021, many Palestinians protested against corruption and violence within the Abbas administration in central Ramallah, including at the president's headquarters. This came after anti-corruption activist Nizar Banat died while in government custody and a video of PA security forces beating and abducting him went viral online.[12]

In 2023, a poll conducted by the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research (PSR) in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip shows that at least 80% palestinians want Abbas to resign.[13]


  1. "موقع السيدالرئيس محمود عباس". Archived from the original on 11 September 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Pofile Mahmoud Abbas". BBC News. 9 November 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Аббас на глиняных ногахTemplate:Недоступне посилання (Коммерсант, Журнал «Власть», № 2(605) от 17.01.2005)
  4. Вадим Горелік Як товариші Махмуд Аббас і Євген Примаков Голокост заперечували" Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
  5. Was Abu Mazen a Holocaust Denier? By Brynn Malone, 4-28-03
  6. Abu Mazen and the Holocaust by Tom Gross
  7. The Abbas Doctrine — Selective Terrorism Archived 2011-06-21 at the Wayback Machine, by Itamar Marcus May 20, 2003
  8. American Thinker, Palestinian Peacemakers?, By Gabriel Latner. September 28, 2010
  9. Hamas Complains, So U.N. School Will Not Teach Gaza Students About Holocaust Archived 2010-11-17 at the Wayback Machine by Patrick Goodenough, September 03, 2009. CNS News
  10. Four questions for Mahmoud Abbas, by Abraham Cooper and Harold Brackman — The Washington Times
  11. "Chronic Kleptocracy: Corruption Within the Palestinian Political Establishment – Testimony of Elliot Abrams" (PDF). Council on Foreign Relations. 10 July 2012.
  12. McKernan, Bethan; Kierszenbaum, Quique (31 August 2021). "Nizar Banat's death highlights brutality of Palestinian Authority". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077.
  13. "80% of Palestinians say PA President Abbas should step down". The Jerusalem Post.