Yasser Arafat[note 1] (24 August 1929 – 11 November 2004) is best known as the first leader of the Palestinian people. He was Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) from 1969 to 2004. In 1993, he also became president of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA).
|1st President of the Palestinian National Authority|
5 July 1994 – 11 November 2004
|Succeeded by||Rawhi Fattouh (interim)|
|Third Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization|
4 February 1969 – 29 October 2004
|Preceded by||Yahya Hammuda|
|Succeeded by||Mahmoud Abbas|
Mohammed al-Qudwa al-Husseini
24 August 1929
|Died||11 November 2004 (aged 75)|
Clamart, Hauts-de-Seine, France
|Resting place||Arafat's compound, Ramallah, Palestine|
Arafat was born in Jerusalem, Gaza or Cairo. He studied civil engineering at Cairo University. He worked as an engineer in Kuwait.
In 1994, Yasser Arafat was the first of the three recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize. The others were Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres. They got the prize for their peace efforts in the Middle East when Palestinian National Authority was formed.
The views of him are somewhat divided. Some people see him as a hero, who fought for the cause of the Palestinian people. Others see him as a terrorist, who promoted the use of violence to reach his goals. Still others think he was a charismatic leader, but he made too many concessions to the Israeli government.
Yasser died in Paris from a cerebral hemorrhage. The next day he was buried at his compound, with a hasty funeral in Ramallah on November 12. He was reburied on November 13, about 3:30 am. He was buried in a special casket, with the hope of being reburied in Jerusalem one day when an independent State of Palestine with East Jerusalem as its capital would be established.
- ↑ Most sources indicate Cairo as Arafat's place of birth, but others list his birthplace as Jerusalem or Gaza. See here and here for more information.
- ↑ NobelPrize.org, "Yasser Arafat"; retrieved 2012-9-19.
Media related to Yasser Arafat at Wikimedia Commons
- Life in Palestine after Arafat, Situation worse, not what Bush and Sharon planned Archived 2005-04-16 at the Wayback Machine
- The Real Obstacle to Peace was Ariel Sharon, not Yasser Arafat
- Death of Arafat, burial and reburial November 13 2004