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Shimon Peres

Israeli politician

Shimon Peres (Hebrew: שמעון פרס‎; born Szymon Perski; 2 August 1923 – 28 September 2016[1]) was a Polish-born Israeli statesman. He was the President of the State of Israel. Peres served twice as the Prime Minister of Israel.[2] He also served as Interim Prime Minister twice. Peres has been a member of 12 cabinets. His political career spanned over 66 years.

Shimon Peres
Shimon Peres by David Shankbone.jpg
Peres in 2007
9th President of Israel
In office
15 July 2007 – 24 July 2014
Prime MinisterEhud Olmert
Benjamin Netanyahu
Preceded byMoshe Katsav
Succeeded byReuven Rivlin
8th Prime Minister of Israel
In office
4 November 1995 – 18 June 1996
Acting: 4 November 1995 – 22 November 1995
PresidentEzer Weizman
Preceded byYitzhak Rabin
Succeeded byBenjamin Netanyahu
In office
13 September 1984 – 20 October 1986
PresidentChaim Herzog
Preceded byYitzhak Shamir
Succeeded byYitzhak Shamir
In office
22 April 1977 – 21 June 1977
Acting
PresidentEphraim Katzir
Preceded byYitzhak Rabin
Succeeded byMenachem Begin
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
7 March 2001 – 2 November 2002
Prime MinisterAriel Sharon
DeputyMichael Melchior
Preceded byShlomo Ben-Ami
Succeeded byBenjamin Netanyahu
In office
14 July 1992 – 22 November 1995
Prime MinisterYitzhak Rabin
DeputyYossi Beilin
Eli Dayan
Preceded byDavid Levy
Succeeded byEhud Barak
In office
20 October 1986 – 23 December 1988
Prime MinisterYitzhak Shamir
Preceded byYitzhak Shamir
Succeeded byMoshe Arens
Minister of Defence
In office
4 November 1995 – 18 June 1996
Preceded byYitzhak Rabin
Succeeded byYitzhak Mordechai
In office
3 June 1974 – 20 June 1977
Prime MinisterYitzhak Rabin
Preceded byMoshe Dayan
Succeeded byEzer Weizman
Minister of Finance
In office
22 December 1988 – 15 March 1990
Prime MinisterYitzhak Shamir
Preceded byMoshe Nissim
Succeeded byYitzhak Shamir
Minister of Transportation
In office
1 September 1970 – 10 March 1974
Prime MinisterGolda Meir
Preceded byEzer Weizman
Succeeded byAharon Yariv
Member of the Knesset
In office
3 November 1959 – 13 June 2007
Personal details
Born
Szymon Perski

(1923-08-02)2 August 1923
Wiszniew, Poland
Died28 September 2016(2016-09-28) (aged 93)
Sheba Medical Center, Tel HaShomer, Ramat Gan, Israel
Resting placeMount Herzl, Jerusalem, Israel
Political partyMapai (1959–1965)
Rafi (1965–1968)
Labor (1968–2005)
Kadima (2005–2016)
Other political
affiliations
Alignment (1965–1991)
Spouse(s)
Sonya Gelman
(m. 1945; died 2011)
ChildrenZvia
Yoni
Chemi
Alma materThe New School
New York University
Harvard University
AwardsNobel Peace Prize (1994)
Signature
Military service
Allegiance Israel
Branch/serviceHaganah
Israeli Defense Forces

He was one of three leaders who shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994.[3] The others were Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat. All three got the prizes for trying to make peace in the Middle East.

On September 13, 2016, Peres, aged 93, suffered a severe stroke and was hospitalized in Ramat Gan, Israel. He had suffered a massive brain hemorrhage.[4] Two days later, he was reported as being in a serious but stable condition.[5] However, on September 26, an examination found damage to his brainstem.[6] He died on September 28 of complications from the stroke.[7][8]

More readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Shimon Peres, former Israeli president, dies aged 93". www.bbc.com. BBC. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  2. YNetNews.com, "President of Israel, Shimon Peres"; retrieved 2012-9-18.
  3. NobelPrize.org, "Shimon Peres"; retrieved 2012-9-18.
  4. Ravid, Barak; Efrati, Ido (14 September 2016). "Former President Shimon Peres in Induced Coma After Suffering Major Stroke" – via Haaretz.
  5. staff, T. O. I.; AFP. "Peres to remain sedated, condition still 'serious but stable'". www.timesofisrael.com.
  6. "Former Israeli President Shimon Peres' Medical Condition Deteriorates After Major Stroke". 27 September 2016 – via Haaretz.
  7. Baker, Peter (September 13, 2016). "Shimon Peres, Former Prime Minister of Israel, Suffers a Stroke". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
  8. Wohlgelernter, Elli (September 28, 2016). "Shimon Peres, former president and veteran Israeli statesman, dies at 93". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved September 28, 2016.

Other websitesEdit