Benjamin Netanyahu

9th Prime Minister of Israel

Binyamin "Bibi" Netanyahu (Hebrew: בִּנְיָמִין "בִּיבִּי" נְתַנְיָהוּ‎, born 21 October 1949) was the Prime Minister of Israel[2][3] from 2009 to 2021 and before that from 1996 to 1999. Netanyahu is leader of the HaLikud party and the first Israeli prime minister born after the establishment of the state of Israel. He was also the country’s longest-serving prime minister. In 2021, he became Leader of the Opposition.

Benjamin Netanyahu
Photo of Netanyahu, in suit and tie, facing forwards
Netanyahu in 2019
Leader of the Opposition
Assumed office
13 June 2021
Prime MinisterNaftali Bennett
Preceded byYair Lapid
In office
16 January 2006 – 6 April 2009
Prime MinisterEhud Olmert
Preceded byAmir Peretz
Succeeded byTzipi Livni
In office
3 February 1993 – 18 June 1996
Prime MinisterYitzhak Rabin
Shimon Peres
Preceded byYitzhak Shamir
Succeeded byShimon Peres
9th Prime Minister of Israel
In office
31 March 2009 (2009-03-31) – 13 June 2021 (2021-06-13)
PresidentShimon Peres
Reuven Rivlin
AlternateBenny Gantz (2020–21)
Preceded byEhud Olmert
Succeeded byNaftali Bennett
In office
18 June 1996 (1996-06-18) – 6 July 1999 (1999-07-06)
PresidentEzer Weizman
Preceded byShimon Peres
Succeeded byEhud Barak
Chairman of Likud
Assumed office
20 December 2005 (2005-12-20)
Preceded byAriel Sharon
In office
3 February 1993 (1993-02-03) – 6 July 1999 (1999-07-06)
Preceded byYitzhak Shamir
Succeeded byAriel Sharon
Ministerial roles
Personal details
Born (1949-10-21) 21 October 1949 (age 71)
Tel Aviv, Israel
Political partyLikud
Spouse(s)
  • Miriam Weizmann
    (m. 1972; div. 1978)
  • Fleur Cates
    (m. 1981; div. 1984)
  • Sara Ben-Artzi (m. 1991)
Children3, including Yair
Parents
Relatives
Alma mater
Occupation
  • Politician
  • diplomat
  • writer
  • economic consultant
  • marketing executive
Cabinet
Signature
Websitewww.netanyahu.org.il
Military service
Nickname(s)Bibi[1]
Branch/serviceIsrael Defense Forces
Years of service1967–1973
RankSeren (Captain)
UnitSayeret Matkal
Battles/wars

Corruption chargeEdit

On February 28, 2019, Netanyahu was indicted on bribe and fraud charges in three different cases.

2020 electionEdit

On 20 April 2020, Opposition Leader Benny Gantz and Netanyahu announced an agreement on a unity government had been reached following the 2020 legislative election. The deal would involve both parties splitting power and Gantz and Netanyahu taking turns being prime minister. The deal said that Gantz would be Vice Prime Minister until October 2021, by then he would replace Netanyahu to become Prime Minister.[4]

Fifth termEdit

In May 2021, Hamas fired rockets on Israel from Gaza, which caused Netanyahu to act Operation Guardian of the Walls, lasting eleven days.[5]

After the 2021 Israel-Palestine crisis, Israeli politician and leader of the Yamina alliance Naftali Bennett announced that he has agreed to a deal with Yair Lapid to forge a coalition government that would remove Netanyahu from his Prime Minister position.[6] This is after the 2021 March election.[7]

Army careerEdit

Netanyahu was a commander in the Israel Defense Forces. He fought in the raid on Lebanon in 1968. He also fought in the raid on Yarden in 1968.

Books and articlesEdit

Books:
Through the years Netanyahu authored five books, three of which focus on counter-terrorism. The books he authored include:

  • International Terrorism: Challenge and Response (The Jonathon Institute, 1980) (ISBN 0-87855-894-2)
  • Terrorism: How the West Can Win (Farrar Straus & Giroux, 1986) (ISBN 0-380-70321-1)
  • A Place Among the Nations (Bantam, 1993) (ISBN 0-553-08974-9)
  • Fighting Terrorism: How Democracies Can Defeat Domestic and International Terrorism (Diane Pub Co, 1995) (ISBN 0-374-52497-1)
  • A Durable Peace: Israel and Its Place Among the Nations (Warner Books, 2000) (ISBN 0-446-52306-2)

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Benjamin Netanyahu". Biography. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  2. "Netanyahu sworn in as Israel's prime minister". Haaretz. 1 April 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2009.
  3. Heller, Jeffrey (1 April 2009). "Netanyahu sworn in as Israeli prime minister". Reuters. Retrieved 11 August 2009.
  4. Gil Hoffman (20 April 2020). "After 17-month stalemate, Netanyahu and Gantz strike unity deal". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  5. Harkov, Lahav (21 May 2021). "Netanyahu, defense chiefs call operation 'game-changing' defeat of Hamas". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  6. "Israeli opposition figures reach deal aimed at ousting Netanyahu". the Guardian. 2021-05-30. Retrieved 2021-05-30.
  7. "Bennett announces plan to form gov't with Lapid that will oust Netanyahu". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Retrieved 2021-05-30.

Other websitesEdit