Prime Minister of Israel

head of government of Israel

The Prime Minister of Israel is the head of government and chief executive of Israel. The prime minister holds the de facto most senior office in the state and is usually the leader of the majority party or coalition in the Parliament of Israel. The current Prime Minister is Yair Lapid who took office in July 2022.

Prime Minister of Israel
רֹאשׁ הַמֶּמְשָׁלָה
Flag of the Prime Minister of Israel.svg
Flag of the Prime Minister of Israel[1]
Yair Lapid (D1237-011).jpg
Incumbent
Yair Lapid

since 1 July 2022
Prime Minister's Office
StyleHis Excellency
ResidenceBeit Aghion
NominatorKnesset
AppointerPresident of Israel
Term length4 years (maximum)
Inaugural holderDavid Ben-Gurion
Formation14 May 1948
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister
Salary168,210 USD annually[2]
Websitepmo.gov.il

List of prime ministersEdit

  Mapai/Alignment/Labor (7)     

  Herut/Likud (4)        Kadima (2)        Yamina (1)         Yesh Atid (1)

No. Name
(Lifespan)
Portrait Political party Term of office Elected
(Knesset)
Government
No. Composition
1 David Ben-Gurion

(1886–1973)

  Mapai 14 May 1948 10 March 1949 Prov. MapaiMapamHHaMNew AliyahS&OMizrachiGen.ZionistsAguda
10 March 1949 1 November 1950 1949 (1st) 1st MapaiURFProgressivesS&ODLN
1 November 1950 8 October 1951 2nd
8 October 1951 24 December 1952 1951 (2nd) 3rd MapaiMizrachiHHaM-Aguda-PAYDLIA-P&W-A&D
24 December 1952 26 January 1954 4th MapaiGen.ZionistsProgressiveMizrachiHHaMDLIA-P&W-A&D
2 Moshe Sharett

(1894–1965)

  Mapai 26 January 1954 29 June 1955 5th
29 June 1955 3 November 1955 6th MapaiMizrachiHHaMDLIA-P&W-A&D
(1) David Ben-Gurion

(1886–1973)

  Mapai 3 November 1955 7 January 1958 1955 (3rd) 7th MapaiNRPMapamAHaAProgressivesDLIA-P&W-A&DP&D-C&B[11]
7 January 1958 17 December 1959 8th
17 December 1959 2 November 1961 1959 (4th) 9th
2 November 1961 26 June 1963 1961 (5th) 10th MapaiNRPAHaAPAYP&D-C&B
3 Levi Eshkol

(1895–1969)

  Mapai 26 June 1963 22 December 1964 11th
22 December 1964 12 January 1966 12th
Alignment[1]
Mapai/Labor
12 January 1966 26 February 1969[2] 1965 (6th) 13th AlignmentNRPMapamIndep.LiberalsPAYP&D-C&BGahal[11]Rafi[11]
Yigal Allon

(1918–1980)
Acting

  Alignment
Labor
26 February 1969[2] 17 March 1969
4 Golda Meir

(1898–1978)

  Alignment
Labor
17 March 1969 15 December 1969 14th
15 December 1969 10 March 1974 1969 (7th) 15th AlignmentGahal[11]NRPIndep.LiberalsP&D-C&B
10 March 1974 3 June 1974 1973 (8th) 16th AlignmentNRPIndep.Liberals
5 Yitzhak Rabin

(1922–1995)

  Alignment
Labor
3 June 1974 20 June 1977[3] 17th AlignmentIndep.LiberalsRatz[11]NRP[11]
6 Menachem Begin

(1913–1992)

  Herut
Likud[4]
20 June 1977 5 August 1981 1977 (9th) 18th LikudNRPAgudaDash[11]
5 August 1981 10 October 1983 1981 (10th) 19th LikudNRPAgudaTamiTelem/MRSZ[11]Tehiya[11]
7 Yitzhak Shamir

(1915–2012)

  Herut
Likud[4]
10 October 1983 13 September 1984 20th
8 Shimon Peres

(1923–2016)

  Alignment
Labor
13 September 1984[5] 20 October 1986 1984 (11th) 21st AlignmentLikudNRPAgudaShasMorasha[11]ShinuiOmetz
(7) Yitzhak Shamir

(1915–2012)

  Herut
Likud[4]
20 October 1986[5] 22 December 1988 22nd
Likud[4] 22 December 1988 11 June 1990 1988 (12th) 23rd LikudAlignmentNRPShasAgudaDegel HaTorah
11 June 1990 13 July 1992 24th LikudNRPShasAgudaDegel HaTorahNew LiberalTehiyaTzometMoledetUPIGeula
(5) Yitzhak Rabin

(1922–1995)

  Labor 13 July 1992 4 November 1995[6] 1992 (13th) 25th LaborMeretzShas[11]Yiud[11]
Shimon Peres

(1923–2016)

  Labor 4 November 1995[6] 22 November 1995 26th
(8) 22 November 1995 18 June 1996
9 Benjamin Netanyahu

(born 1949)

  Likud 18 June 1996 6 July 1999 1996 (14th) 27th Likud-Gesher-TzometShasNRPBaAliyahUTJThird Way
10 Ehud Barak

(born 1942)

  One Israel
Labor
6 July 1999 7 March 2001 1999 (15th) 28th One IsraelShasMeretzBaAliyahCentreNRPUTJ[11]


11
Ariel Sharon

(1928–2014)

  Likud 7 March 2001 28 February 2003 2001 29th LikudLabor-Meimad[11]Shas[11]CentreNRPUTJBaAliyahNU-BeiteinuNew WayGesher
28 February 2003 21 November 2005[7] 2003 (16th) 30th LikudShinui[11]NU[11]NRP[11]Labor-MeimadAguda[11]
Kadima 21 November 2005[7] (4 January 2006)[8]
14 April 2006
KadimaLikud[11]Aguda
Ehud Olmert

(born 1945)

  Kadima 4 January 2006[8] 14 April 2006
12 14 April 2006 4 May 2006
4 May 2006 31 March 2009[9] 2006 (17th) 31st KadimaLaborShasGilBeiteinu[11]
(9) Benjamin Netanyahu

(born 1949)

  Likud 31 March 2009 18 March 2013 2009 (18th) 32nd LikudBeiteinuShasLabor/Indep.[11]Jewish HomeUTJ[11]
18 March 2013 6 May 2015 2013 (19th) 33rd LikudYesh AtidThe Jewish HomeYisrael BeiteinuHatnuah
6 May 2015 9 April 2019 2015 (20th) 34th LikudKulanuThe Jewish HomeShasUTJYisrael Beiteinu[11]
9 April 2019 17 May 2020 April 2019 (21st)
September 2019 (22nd)
(9) 17 May 2020 13 June 2021 2020 (23rd) 35th LikudBlue and WhiteShasUTJLaborDerekh Eretz[11]GesherThe Jewish Home
13 Naftali Bennett

(born 1972)

  Yamina 13 June 2021 30 June 2022[10] 2021 (24th) 36th Yesh AtidBlue and WhiteYaminaLaborYisrael BeiteinuNew HopeMeretzUnited Arab List
14 Yair Lapid

(born 1963)

  Yesh Atid 1 July 2022 Present

Living former Prime MinistersEdit

As of December 2022, four former prime minister are alive:

Image Name Term of office Age
  Ehud Barak 1999 – 2001 80
  Ehud Olmert 2006 – 2009 77
  Benjamin Netanyahu 1996 – 1999, 2009 – 2021 73
  Naftali Bennett 2021 – 2022 50

The most recent prime minister to die was Shimon Peres, who died on September 28, 2016.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Flags of the Israel Defense Forces
  2. "IG.com Pay Check". IG.