Ariel Sharon (February 26, 1928 – January 11, 2014) was an Israeli politician of Likud and later Kadima. Sharon was Prime Minister of Israel from 2001 to 2006.
|11th Prime Minister of Israel|
7 March 2001 – 14 April 2006*
|Preceded by||Ehud Barak|
|Succeeded by||Ehud Olmert|
26 February 1928
Kfar Malal, British Mandate of Palestine
|Died||11 January 2014 (aged 85)|
Ramat Gan, Israel
(m. 1953–1962; her death)
(m. 1963–2000; her death)
|Children||Gur (dead), Omri, Gilad|
|Alma mater||Hebrew University of Jerusalem|
Tel Aviv University
Sharon was born on February 27, 1928 in Kfar Malal, British-Palestine. Sharon was in the Israel Army for many years. He fought in numerous battles, and in 1974 he left the army as General. After leaving the army he decided to go to politics.
In 1977, he became Minister of Agriculture. In 1981 he became the Minister of Defence. In 1983, he was sent away from the government as Minister of Defence after he was found to be guilty for not preventing a massacre in Lebanon where many hundreds of civilians were killed by other civilians.
In 2001, he was elected for Prime Minister after the war between Israel and Palestine started. In 2004, he surprised many people when he said that Israel will get out of the Gaza Strip, which is the place where many Palestinian people live.
In December 2005, Sharon was taken into hospital. On January 4, 2006, Sharon was again taken to the hospital. He had a big stroke (bleeding in the brain).
Rumours spread immediately of his death, though these were denied by his physicians. It was soon reported and later confirmed that Sharon was in a coma. Ehud Olmert, another member of Sharon's newly formed Kadima party, was acting Prime Minister until elections were held in Israel, after which Olmert became Prime Minister of Israel.
Sharon died on 11 January 2014. He died from kidney failure and stroke complications at the hospital in Ramat Gan. He had been in a coma at the time. He was aged 85.
His state funeral was held on 13 January. He was buried in line with Jewish burial customs. It was held as soon after death as possible. The day before the funeral, Sharon's body and coffin were placed in the Knesset building for people to see. His funeral began with an official ceremony held in the Knesset chamber. Politicians from Israel and other countries attended. His funeral was then held at his family's farm in the Negev desert. Sharon was buried there beside his wife, Lily.
Leaders attended his funeral service included U.S. Vice President Joe Biden, former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, former Dutch Prime Minister Wim Kok, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, Czech Prime Minister Jiří Rusnok and German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier.
- ↑ "Scientists say comatose former Israeli leader Ariel Sharon shows 'robust' brain activity". Fox News Channel. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- ↑ "Israel mourns Sharon's passing; Netanyahu: He was a 'brave warrior'". Ha'aretz. 11 January 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- ↑ "Former Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon dead at 85". Reuters. 11 January 2014. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- ↑ "Obama: U.S. joins Israeli people in honoring Sharon's commitment to his country". Ha'aretz. 11 January 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- ↑ "Former prime minister Ariel Sharon dies at 85". The Jerusalem Post. 11 January 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- ↑ "Israel's Ariel Sharon dies at 85". Al Jazeera. 11 January 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- ↑ "Thousands pay last respects to Ariel Sharon". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- Ariel Sharon's Biography – Detailed account of his military and political career Archived 2018-08-15 at the Wayback Machine
- Ariel Sharon
- Ariel Sharon: Return to the Temple Mount Archived 2009-12-06 at the Wayback Machine
- Ariel Sharon: an Israeli Caligula Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
- The Sabra and Shatila Massacres (16–18 September 1982)
- Timeline of key events in Sharon's life
- Ariel Sharon Profile, ynet news lexicon
- Biography of Ariel Sharon at cnn.com Archived 2008-03-08 at the Wayback Machine
- Prominent People – Sharon, Ariel "Arik" Archived 2007-12-16 at the Wayback Machine
- Phonecall Archived 2019-03-12 at the Wayback Machine – An authentic recording of Ariel Sharon talking to a soldier positioned at one of the Suez Channel bunkers at the beginning of the Yom Kippur War.