Kidney failure

disease where the kidneys fail to adequately filter waste products from the blood

Kidney failure (also called renal failure) is a term used to describe when a person's kidneys stop working properly, or fail. Kidney failure can be divided into two categories: chronic renal failure, and acute renal failure.

Chronic renal failure change

Chronic renal failure develops slowly, and there are not many noticeable symptoms at first.

Chronic renal failure can be a sign of other diseases, like IgA nephritis, glomerulonephritis, chronic pyelonephritis, and urinary retention.

Chronic renal failure will eventually develop into end-stage renal failure if it is left untreated. End-stage renal failure can only be treated with dialysis or a kidney transplant.

Acute renal failure change

Acute renal failure[1] develops in a short time, and symptoms are more noticeable. Symptoms include:

  • Urinating less than usual
  • Changes in the amount of water in the body
  • Electrolyte levels that are not normal

The cause of acute renal failure needs to be found quickly. Dialysis is often needed to prevent permanent damage to the body while the cause is being found.

Acute-on-chronic renal failure change

It is possible to have acute renal failure on top of chronic renal failure. This is called "acute-on-chronic renal failure."

References change

  1. Lin, Yongjun; Ding, Ying; Song, Shuping; Li, Man; Wang, Tao; Guo, Feng (2019-08-20). "Expression patterns and prognostic value of miR-210, miR-494, and miR-205 in middle-aged and old patients with sepsis-induced acute kidney injury". Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences. 19 (3): 249–256. doi:10.17305/bjbms.2019.4131. ISSN 1840-4812. PMC 6716103. PMID 30997877.