Human disease

Pyelonephritis is inflammation of the kidney. Bacterial infection is a coomon cause.[1] Inflammation may affect one or both kidneys. Symptoms most often include fever and the side of the body hurting between the ribs and the hips.[2] Other symptoms include nausea, a burning feeling when urinating (peeing), and unusually frequent urination.[2] Complications may include pus around the kidney, sepsis (an infection that is out of control, often of the blood), or kidney failure.[1] This can also happen in pets and other animals.

Usually, antibiotics are used to treat the infection.[3][4] In some cases, a stay in hospital may be required. Urinating after sex and drinking a lot of water may prevent it.[5]

References change

  1. 1.0 1.1 Lippincott's Guide to Infectious Diseases. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2011. p. 258. ISBN 9781605479750.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Colgan, R; Williams, M; Johnson, JR (1 September 2011). "Diagnosis and treatment of acute pyelonephritis in women". American Family Physician. 84 (5): 519–26. PMID 21888302.
  3. "Antibiotic therapy for acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis in women. Take resistance into account". Prescrire International. 23 (155): 296–300. December 2014. PMID 25629148.
  4. Gupta, K; Hooton, TM; Naber, KG; Wullt, B; Colgan, R; Miller, LG; Moran, GJ; Nicolle, LE; Raz, R; Schaeffer, AJ; Soper, DE; Infectious Diseases Society of, America.; European Society for Microbiology and Infectious, Diseases. (1 March 2011). "International clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis and pyelonephritis in women: A 2010 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the European Society for Microbiology and Infectious Diseases". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 52 (5): e103–20. doi:10.1093/cid/ciq257. PMID 21292654.
  5. "Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis)". NIDDK. April 2017. Archived from the original on 4 October 2017. Retrieved 30 October 2017.