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Menachem Begin

Israeli politician and former Prime Minister

Menachem Begin (16 August 1913 – 9 March 1992) was an Israeli politician. Originally a Zionist activist in Eastern Europe, he later became Prime Minister of Israel.

Menachem Begin
מנחם בגין
Menachem Begin 2.jpg
6th Prime Minister of Israel
In office
21 June 1977 – 10 October 1983
PresidentEphraim Katzir
Yitzhak Navon
Chaim Herzog
Preceded byYitzhak Rabin
Succeeded byYitzhak Shamir
Minister of Defense
In office
28 May 1980 – 5 August 1981
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byEzer Weizman
Succeeded byAriel Sharon
In office
14 February 1983 – 23 February 1983
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byAriel Sharon
Succeeded byMoshe Arens
Personal details
Born(1913-08-16)16 August 1913
Brest, Russian Empire
Died9 March 1992(1992-03-09) (aged 78)
Tel Aviv, Israel
Political partyHerut (1948-1988)
Likud (1988-1992)
Spouse(s)Aliza Arnold (1939–82)
ChildrenZe'ev Binyamin
Hasia
Leah
Alma materUniversity of Warsaw
Signature
The Begin family of Brest-Litovsk Jewish community; Back row: Left to right: Herzl; Menahem; Rachel [Begin] Halpern. In Front left to right:Hassia and Zeev Dov Begin 12 December 1932. Zeev Dov; Hassia; and Herzl Begin did not survive the Shoah 1933-1945

In 1941 he joined the Free Polish army. This is how he arrived in Mandatory Palestine in 1942.

In 1942, Begin joined the Irgun, a Zionist-Jewish paramilitary organisation, which was labelled as a terrorist organization in the 1940s.[1] From 1943 to 1948 he was commander of the Irgun.

He was the founder of the Israeli political party Likud. He was the sixth Prime Minister of Israel.

Begin’s most significant acts as Prime Minister include officially declaring Jerusalem the capital of Israel, imposing Israeli law on the Golan Heights destroying Saddam Hussein's nuclear reactor in Iraq controversially leading Israel through the early stages of the 1982 Lebanon War and most famously signing the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty. For that treaty, Begin and Anwar Sadat shared the Nobel Peace Prize.

Begin resigned as Prime Minister in October 1983. He died on 9 March 1992 after a heart attack. He was buried on the Mount of Olives.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Irgun-Zvai-Leumi, Encyclopædia Britannica
  2. Sedan, Gil (10 March 1992). "Menachem Begin is Laid to Rest in Simple Mount of Olives Ceremony". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved 31 Decemer 2014. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)