sovereign state in West Africa and North Africa

Mauritania is a country in northwest Africa. The capital city, which is also the biggest city in the country, is Nouakchott. It is on the Atlantic coast. Its president is General Mohamed Ould Ghazouani.

Islamic Republic of Mauritania
الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah al-Islāmīyah al-Mūrītānīyah
République islamique de Mauritanie  (French)
Motto: شرف، إخاء، عدل (Arabic)
"Honor, Fraternity, Justice"
Anthem: النشيد الوطني الموريتاني
(English: "Country of the Proud, Guiding Noblemen")
Location of Mauritania (dark green) in western Africa
Location of Mauritania (dark green) in western Africa
and largest city
18°09′N 15°58′W / 18.150°N 15.967°W / 18.150; -15.967
Official languagesArabic
Recognised languages
Spoken languages
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential Islamic republic
• President
Mohamed Ould Ghazouani
Mohammed Ould Bilal
Cheikh Ahmed Baye[1]
LegislatureNational Assembly
• Republic established
28 November 1958
• from France
28 November 1960
• Current constitution
12 July 1991
• Total
1,030,000 km2 (400,000 sq mi)[2] (28th)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
• 2013 census
• Density
3.4/km2 (8.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$18.117 billion[4] (134th)
• Per capita
$4,563[4] (140th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$5.200 billion[4] (154th)
• Per capita
$1,309[4] (149th)
Gini (2008)40.5[5]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.546[6]
low · 157th
CurrencyOuguiya (MRU)
Time zoneUTC (GMT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+222
ISO 3166 codeMR
  1. According to Article 6 of the Constitution: "The national languages are Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, and Wolof; the official language is Arabic."

At 1,030,700 km² (397,929 mi²),[7] Mauritania is the world's 29th-largest country (after Bolivia). It is similar in size to Egypt. The land is flat in most places.


  1. "Ould Baya élu président du parlement mauritanien". BBC News Afrique. 9 October 2018. Archived from the original on 14 April 2019. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "1: Répartition spatiale de la population" (PDF). Recensement Général de la Population et de l'Habitat (RGPH) 2013 (Report) (in French). National Statistical Office of Mauritania. July 2015. p. v. Retrieved 20 December 2015.[permanent dead link]
  3. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Mauritania". International Monetary Fund. Archived from the original on 22 May 2020. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  5. "Gini Index". World Bank. Archived from the original on 9 February 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
  6. Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 343–346. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  7. "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". Archived from the original on 2014-02-09. Retrieved 2009-06-07.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Mauritania at Wikimedia Commons