Bolivia (officially called Plurinational State of Bolivia) is a country in South America. It is land locked by Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Peru, and Chile. Evo Morales became the president of Bolivia in January 2006. The population of Bolivia is 10.67 million (2013).
|Plurinational State of Bolivia
|Motto: ¡La unión es la fuerza!
"Unity is Strength!" (Spanish)
|Anthem: Himno Nacional de Bolivia (Spanish) also known as Bolivianos: el hado|
La Paz (administrative)
|Largest city||Santa Cruz de la Sierra
and 34 other native languages
|Ethnic groups||55% Amerindian (Quechua, Aymara and 34 other ethnic groups)
|Government||Unitary presidential constitutional republic|
|-||Vice President||Álvaro García Linera|
|Legislature||Plurinational Legislative Assembly|
|-||Lower house||Chamber of Deputies|
|Independence from Spain|
|-||Declared||6 August 1825|
|-||Recognized||21 July 1847|
|-||Current constitution||7 February 2009|
|-||Total||1,098,581 km2 (28th)
424,163 sq mi
|-||2010 estimate||10,907,778 (84th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|HDI (2011)|| 0.663
medium · 108th
|Time zone||BOT (UTC−4)|
|Drives on the||right|
Bolivia is named after Simón Bolívar. The main languages are Spanish and Quechua, but there are other languages too.
Bolivia used to be a colony of Spain. The silver mines in Bolivia made most of Spain's money, and Spain used Bolivians as slaves to work in the mines. After many wars, Simón Bolívar helped Bolivia to be an independent country.
Bolivia is a landlocked nation, which means every border of Bolivia is a border with another country, and so it does not have a sea. It used to own some of the Pacific coast, but it lost it in 1879 in the War of the Pacific. The west of Bolivia is on the Andes mountain range. The highest mountain in Bolivia is called Nevado de Sajama and it is near the city of Oruro. Although this part of the country is very high with lots of mountains, there are also parts of Bolivia which are very flat, and parts of the country which are very near sea level. There is also a bit of Bolivia covered by the Amazon rainforest, and a big lake which is the highest lake in the world. This lake is called Lake Titicaca.
The population of Bolivia is approximately 10,907,778 people. The ethnic composition of the country is like the following:
Bolivia suffers from poverty, with 75.7% of the population living below the poverty line[source?].
Bolivia is divided into nine departments. The departments are divided into 112 provinces. The provinces are divided into 339 municipalities and into native community lands.
|Territorial division of Bolivia|
|Population||Surface (km²)||Density||Capital city|
|La Paz||BO-L||2.756.989||133.985||19,9||La Paz|
|Santa Cruz||BO-S||2.626.697||370.621||7,1||Santa Cruz de la Sierra|
|Source: Demographic Projections 2008, Bolivian National Demographic Institute. The departmental densitiy has been calculated with the population of 2006.|
Bolivian culture has many Inca, Aymara and other native influences in religion, music and clothing. There is a big festival in Oruro, which is called "El carnaval de Oruro". People in Bolivia like playing football, and football, which is often played in the street. Zoos are also very popular, but they do not have much money.
The Cantuta (often spelled kantuta or qantuta) (Cantua buxifolia or Fuchsia buxifolia) is a flower found in the Yungas, and is the national flower of Bolivia along with the patujú (Heliconia rostrata) found in the tropical regions of Bolivia.
- "Central Bank of Bolivia". The Bolivian coin. Retrieved 4 August 2006.
- "The World Factbook – Bolivia". CIA. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
- "Bolivia". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 19 January 2013. Retrieved 7 January 2010.
- "Bolivia". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- "Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- "Human Development Report 2010" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- The World Factbook. CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/.
- World Factbook
- Political Constitution of Bolivia, Article 269