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country in South America

Bolivia (officially called Plurinational State of Bolivia) is a country in South America. It is land locked by Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Peru, and Chile. Evo Morales became the president of Bolivia in January 2006. The population of Bolivia is 10.67 million (2013).[8]

Plurinational State of Bolivia
Coat of arms of Bolivia
Coat of arms
Motto: "La Unión es la Fuerza" (Spanish)
"Unity is Strength"[1]
Anthem: Himno Nacional de Bolivia  (Spanish)
Location of  Bolivia  (dark green)in South America  (grey)
Location of  Bolivia  (dark green)

in South America  (grey)

Capital Sucre, La Paz [1]
Largest city Santa Cruz de la Sierra
17°48′S 63°10′W / 17.800°S 63.167°W / -17.800; -63.167
Official languages[2]
Ethnic groups (2009[3])
Demonym Bolivian
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Evo Morales
Álvaro García Linera
Legislature Plurinational Legislative Assembly
Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
• Declared
6 August 1825
• Recognized
21 July 1847
• Current constitution
7 February 2009
• Total
1,098,581 km2 (424,164 sq mi) (27th)
• Water (%)
• 2015 estimate
11,410,651[4] (83rd)
• Density
10.4/km2 (26.9/sq mi) (221st)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$83.608 billion[5] (91st)
• Per capita
$7,552[5] (119th)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$39.267 billion[5] (96th)
• Per capita
$3,546[5] (119th)
Gini (2014)  48.4[6]
HDI (2015) Steady 0.674[7]
medium · 118th
Currency Boliviano (BOB)
Time zone BOT (UTC−4)
Drives on the right
Calling code +591
ISO 3166 code BO
Internet TLD .bo
  1. ^ While Sucre is the constitutional capital, La Paz is the seat of the government, as member of the UCCI, as the de facto capital. See below.

Bolivia is named after Simón Bolívar. The main languages are Spanish and Quechua, but there are other languages too.



Bolivia used to be a colony of Spain. The silver mines in Bolivia made most of Spain's money, and Spain used Bolivians as slaves to work in the mines. After many wars, Simón Bolívar helped Bolivia to be an independent country.


Map of Bolivia from the CIA World Factbook

Bolivia is 424,135 mi² (1,098,581 km²).[9] This means that Bolivia is the world's 28th-largest country (after Ethiopia). It is the same sort of size as Mauritania.

Bolivia is a landlocked nation, which means every border of Bolivia is a border with another country, and so it does not have a sea. It used to own some of the Pacific coast, but it lost it in 1879 in the War of the Pacific. The west of Bolivia is on the Andes mountain range. The highest mountain in Bolivia is called Nevado de Sajama and it is near the city of Oruro. Although this part of the country is very high with lots of mountains, there are also parts of Bolivia which are very flat, and parts of the country which are very near sea level. There is also a bit of Bolivia covered by the Amazon rainforest, and a big lake which is the highest lake in the world. This lake is called Lake Titicaca.

The major cities are La Paz, El Alto, Santa Cruz de la Sierra and Cochabamba. For other places in Bolivia see List of cities in Bolivia.


The population of Bolivia is approximately 10,907,778 people. The ethnic composition of the country is like the following:


Bolivia suffers from poverty, with 75.7% of the population living below the poverty line[source?].


Bolivia is divided into nine departments. The departments are divided into 112 provinces. The provinces are divided into 339 municipalities and into native community lands.[10]

Territorial division of Bolivia
Department Abbreviation
Population Surface (km²) Density Capital city  
  Bolivia BO 10.027.644 1.098.581 9,1 Sucre
  Beni BO-B 430.049 213.564 1,9 Trinidad
  Chuquisaca BO-H 631.062 51.524 11,9 Sucre
  Cochabamba BO-C 1.786.040 55.631 22,7 Cochabamba
  La Paz BO-L 2.756.989 133.985 19,9 La Paz
  Oruro BO-O 444.093 53.558 8,2 Oruro
  Pando BO-N 75.335 63.827 1,1 Cobija
  Potosí BO-P 780.392 118.218 6,5 Potosí
  Santa Cruz BO-S 2.626.697 370.621 7,1 Santa Cruz de la Sierra
  Tarija BO-T 496.988 37.623 12,5 Tarija
Source: Demographic Projections 2008, Bolivian National Demographic Institute.[11] The departmental densitiy has been calculated with the population of 2006.


Bolivian culture has many Inca, Aymara and other native influences in religion, music and clothing. There is a big festival in Oruro, which is called "El carnaval de Oruro". People in Bolivia like playing football, and football, which is often played in the street. Zoos are also very popular, but they do not have much money.

National symbolsEdit

The Cantuta (often spelled kantuta or qantuta) (Cantua buxifolia or Fuchsia buxifolia) is a flower found in the Yungas, and is the national flower of Bolivia along with the patujú (Heliconia rostrata) found in the tropical regions of Bolivia.

Related pagesEdit


  1. "Moneda de 10 Centavos" [10 Cent Coins] (in Spanish). Central Bank of Bolivia. Archived from the original on 28 April 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  2. Political Constitution of the State – Article 5
  3. "South America :: Bolivia". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 25 March 2017. 
  4. BOLIVIA: POBLACIÓN TOTAL PROYECTADA, POR AÑO CALENDARIO, SEGÚN ÁREA Y DEPARTAMENTO, 2010 – 2015. Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Bolivia.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". International Monetary Fund. 
  6. "Gini index". World Bank. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  7. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  8. The World Factbook. CIA. 
  9. World Factbook
  10. Political Constitution of Bolivia, Article 269
  11. [1]

Other websitesEdit