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Bolivia

country in South America

Bolivia (officially called Plurinational State of Bolivia) is a country in South America. It is land locked by Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Peru, and Chile. Evo Morales became the president of Bolivia in January 2006. The population of Bolivia is 10.67 million (2013).[7]

Plurinational State of Bolivia
Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia  (Spanish)
Bulivya Mamallaqta  (Quechua)
Wuliwya Suyu  (Aymara)
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: ¡La unión es la fuerza!
"Unity is Strength!" (Spanish)[1]
Anthem: Himno Nacional de Bolivia (Spanish) also known as Bolivianos: el hado
Capital Sucre (constitutional)a
La Paz (administrative)
Largest city Santa Cruz de la Sierra
17°48′S 63°10′W / 17.800°S 63.167°W / -17.800; -63.167
Official languages Spanish
Quechua
Aymara

and 34 other native languages
Ethnic groups 55% Amerindian (Quechua, Aymara and 34 other ethnic groups)
30% Mestizo
15% White[2]
Demonym Bolivian
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Evo Morales
 -  Vice President Álvaro García Linera
Legislature Plurinational Legislative Assembly
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
 -  Declared 6 August 1825 
 -  Recognized 21 July 1847 
 -  Current constitution 7 February 2009 
Area
 -  Total 1,098,581 km2 (28th)
424,163 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 1.29
Population
 -  2010 estimate Increase 10,907,778[3] (84th)
 -  2001 census 8,280,184
 -  Density 8.9/km2 (220th)
23/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $50.904 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $4,789[4]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $24.604 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $2,314[4]
Gini (2009) 58.2[5]
high
HDI (2011) Increase 0.663[6]
medium · 108th
Currency Boliviano (BOB)
Time zone BOT (UTC−4)
Drives on the right
Calling code +591
Internet TLD .bo

Bolivia is named after Simón Bolívar. The main languages are Spanish and Quechua, but there are other languages too.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Bolivia used to be a colony of Spain. The silver mines in Bolivia made most of Spain's money, and Spain used Bolivians as slaves to work in the mines. After many wars, Simón Bolívar helped Bolivia to be an independent country.

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Bolivia from the CIA World Factbook
 
Uyuni

Bolivia is 424,135 mi² (1,098,581 km²).[8] This means that Bolivia is the world's 28th-largest country (after Ethiopia). It is the same sort of size as Mauritania.

Bolivia is a landlocked nation, which means every border of Bolivia is a border with another country, and so it does not have a sea. It used to own some of the Pacific coast, but it lost it in 1879 in the War of the Pacific. The west of Bolivia is on the Andes mountain range. The highest mountain in Bolivia is called Nevado de Sajama and it is near the city of Oruro. Although this part of the country is very high with lots of mountains, there are also parts of Bolivia which are very flat, and parts of the country which are very near sea level. There is also a bit of Bolivia covered by the Amazon rainforest, and a big lake which is the highest lake in the world. This lake is called Lake Titicaca.

The major cities are La Paz, El Alto, Santa Cruz de la Sierra and Cochabamba. For other places in Bolivia see List of cities in Bolivia.

DemographicsEdit

The population of Bolivia is approximately 10,907,778 people. The ethnic composition of the country is like the following:

EconomyEdit

Bolivia suffers from poverty, with 75.7% of the population living below the poverty line[source?].

DivisionsEdit

Bolivia is divided into nine departments. The departments are divided into 112 provinces. The provinces are divided into 339 municipalities and into native community lands.[9]

Territorial division of Bolivia
Department Abbreviation
(ISO)
Population Surface (km²) Density Capital city  
  Bolivia BO 10.027.644 1.098.581 9,1 Sucre
  Beni BO-B 430.049 213.564 1,9 Trinidad
  Chuquisaca BO-H 631.062 51.524 11,9 Sucre
  Cochabamba BO-C 1.786.040 55.631 22,7 Cochabamba
  La Paz BO-L 2.756.989 133.985 19,9 La Paz
  Oruro BO-O 444.093 53.558 8,2 Oruro
  Pando BO-N 75.335 63.827 1,1 Cobija
  Potosí BO-P 780.392 118.218 6,5 Potosí
  Santa Cruz BO-S 2.626.697 370.621 7,1 Santa Cruz de la Sierra
  Tarija BO-T 496.988 37.623 12,5 Tarija
Source: Demographic Projections 2008, Bolivian National Demographic Institute.[10] The departmental densitiy has been calculated with the population of 2006.

CultureEdit

Bolivian culture has many Inca, Aymara and other native influences in religion, music and clothing. There is a big festival in Oruro, which is called "El carnaval de Oruro". People in Bolivia like playing football, and football, which is often played in the street. Zoos are also very popular, but they do not have much money.

National symbolsEdit

The Cantuta (often spelled kantuta or qantuta) (Cantua buxifolia or Fuchsia buxifolia) is a flower found in the Yungas, and is the national flower of Bolivia along with the patujú (Heliconia rostrata) found in the tropical regions of Bolivia.

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Central Bank of Bolivia". The Bolivian coin. Retrieved 4 August 2006. 
  2. "The World Factbook – Bolivia". CIA. Retrieved 30 March 2010. 
  3. "Bolivia". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 19 January 2013. Retrieved 7 January 2010. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Bolivia". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  5. "Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 31 August 2011. 
  6. "Human Development Report 2010" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011. 
  7. The World Factbook. CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/.
  8. World Factbook
  9. Political Constitution of Bolivia, Article 269
  10. [1]

Other websitesEdit