Bolivia

sovereign state in South America

Bolivia[a] /bəˈlɪviə/ (About this soundlisten), officially the Plurinational State of Bolivia,[b][9][10] is a country in South America. It is land locked by Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Peru, and Chile. Luis Alberto Arce Catacora became the president of Bolivia in November 2020. The population of Bolivia is 11.51 million (2019).

Plurinational State of Bolivia

Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia  (Spanish)
Tetã Hetãvoregua Mborivia  (Guarani)
Wuliwya Suyu  (Aymara)
Puliwya Mamallaqta (Quechua)
Coat of arms of Bolivia
Coat of arms
Motto: "La Unión es la Fuerza" (Spanish)
"Unity is Strength"[1]
Anthem: "Himno Nacional de Bolivia" (Spanish)
Dual flag
Wiphala

Banner of the Qulla Suyu.svg
Location of  Bolivia  (dark green) in South America  (grey)
Location of  Bolivia  (dark green)

in South America  (grey)

Location of Bolivia
CapitalSucre (constitutional and judicial)
La Paz (executive and legislative)
Largest citySanta Cruz
17°48′S 63°10′W / 17.800°S 63.167°W / -17.800; -63.167
Official languages[2]
Ethnic groups
(2009[3])
Religion
(2018)[4]
88.9% Christianity
—70.0% Roman Catholic
—17.2% Protestant
—1.7% Other Christian
9.3% No religion
1.2% Other religions
0.6% No answer
Demonym(s)Bolivian
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Luis Arce
David Choquehuanca
LegislaturePlurinational Legislative Assembly
Chamber of Senators
Chamber of Deputies
Independence 
from Spain
• Declared
6 August 1825
• Recognized
21 July 1847
14 November 1945
• Current constitution
7 February 2009
Area
• Total
1,098,581 km2 (424,164 sq mi) (27th)
• Water (%)
1.29
Population
• 2019[5] estimate
11,428,245 (83rd)
• Density
10.4/km2 (26.9/sq mi) (224th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$89.018 billion[6] (88th)
• Per capita
$7,790[6] (123rd)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$40.687 billion[6] (90th)
• Per capita
$3,823[6] (117th)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 42.2[7]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.718[8]
high · 107th
CurrencyBoliviano (BOB)
Time zoneUTC−4 (BOT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+591
ISO 3166 codeBO
Internet TLD.bo
  1. ^ While Sucre is the constitutional capital, La Paz is the seat of government and the executive capital. See below.

Bolivia is named after Simón Bolívar. The main languages are Spanish and Quechua, but there are other languages too.

HistoryEdit

Bolivia used to be a colony of Spain. The silver mines in Bolivia made most of Spain's money, and Spain used Bolivians as slaves to work in the mines. After many wars, Simón Bolívar helped Bolivia to be an independent country.

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Bolivia from the CIA World Factbook
 
Uyuni

Bolivia is 424,135 mi² (1,098,581 km²).[11] This means that Bolivia is the world's 28th-largest country (after Ethiopia). It is the same sort of size as Mauritania.

Bolivia is a landlocked nation, which means every border of Bolivia is a border with another country, and so it does not have a sea. It used to own some of the Pacific coast, but it lost it in 1879 in the War of the Pacific. The west of Bolivia is on the Andes mountain range. The highest mountain in Bolivia is called Nevado de Sajama and it is near the city of Oruro. Although this part of the country is very high with lots of mountains, there are also parts of Bolivia which are very flat, and parts of the country which are very near sea level. There is also a bit of Bolivia covered by the Amazon rainforest, and a big lake which is the highest lake in the world. This lake is called Lake Titicaca.

The major cities are La Paz, El Alto, Santa Cruz de la Sierra and Cochabamba. For other places in Bolivia see List of cities in Bolivia.

DemographicsEdit

The population of Bolivia is approximately 10,907,778 people. The ethnic composition of the country is like the following:

EconomyEdit

Bolivia suffers from poverty. Over 65% of the population lives below the poverty line.[12]

DivisionsEdit

Bolivia is divided into nine departments. The departments are divided into 112 provinces. The provinces are divided into 339 municipalities and into native community lands.[13]

Territorial division of Bolivia
Department Abbreviation
(ISO)
Population Surface (km²) Density Capital city  
  Bolivia BO 10.027.644 1.098.581 9,1 Sucre
  Beni BO-B 430.049 213.564 1,9 Trinidad
  Chuquisaca BO-H 631.062 51.524 11,9 Sucre
  Cochabamba BO-C 1.786.040 55.631 22,7 Cochabamba
  La Paz BO-L 2.756.989 133.985 19,9 La Paz
  Oruro BO-O 444.093 53.558 8,2 Oruro
  Pando BO-N 75.335 63.827 1,1 Cobija
  Potosí BO-P 780.392 118.218 6,5 Potosí
  Santa Cruz BO-S 2.626.697 370.621 7,1 Santa Cruz de la Sierra
  Tarija BO-T 496.988 37.623 12,5 Tarija
Source: Demographic Projections 2008, Bolivian National Demographic Institute.[14] The departmental densitiy has been calculated with the population of 2006.

CultureEdit

Bolivian culture has many Inca, Aymara and other native influences in religion, music and clothing. There is a big festival in Oruro, which is called "El carnaval de Oruro". People in Bolivia like playing football, and football, which is often played in the street. Zoos are also very popular, but they do not have much money.

National symbolsEdit

The Cantuta (often spelled kantuta or qantuta) (Cantua buxifolia or Fuchsia buxifolia) is a flower found in the Yungas, and is the national flower of Bolivia along with the patujú (Heliconia rostrata) found in the tropical regions of Bolivia.

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Moneda de 10 Centavos" [10 Cent Coins] (in Spanish). Central Bank of Bolivia. Archived from the original on 28 April 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
  2. "Nueva Constitución Política Del Estado > PRIMERA PARTE > TÍTULO I > CAPÍTULO PRIMERO > Modelo De Estado: Ley de Bolivia". JUSTIA Bolivia (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 25 February 2017. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  3. "South America :: Bolivia". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 13 February 2011. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
  4. Religion affiliation in Bolivia as of 2018. Based on Latinobarómetro. Survey period: 15 June to 2 August 2018, 1,200 respondents.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". www.imf.org. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  7. "GINI index (World Bank estimate) – Bolivia". World Bank. Archived from the original on 11 August 2018. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  8. Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 343–346. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  9. "Bolivia (Plurinational State of)". World Health Organization. 11 May 2010. Archived from the original on 6 October 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  10. "Bolivia (Plurinational State of)". UNdata. Archived from the original on 2 July 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  11. World Factbook
  12. Fenton-Glynn, Claire (2019-04-18). Children's Rights and Sustainable Development: Interpreting the UNCRC for Future Generations. Cambridge University Press. p. 296. ISBN 978-1-107-19302-4.
  13. Political Constitution of Bolivia, Article 269
  14. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-04-30. Retrieved 2012-03-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Notes

  1. Spanish: [boˈliβja] ( listen); Guarani: Mborivia [ᵐboˈɾiʋja]; Aymara: Wuliwya [wʊlɪwja]; Quechua: Puliwya [pʊlɪwja]
  2. Spanish: Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia Spanish pronunciation: [esˈtaðo pluɾinasjoˈnal de βoˈliβja] ( listen)

Other websitesEdit