Bolivia (officially called Republic of Bolivia) is a country in South America. It is land locked by Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Peru, and Chile. Jeanine Áñez became the president of Bolivia in November 2019, after longtime president Evo Morales was overthrown. The population of Bolivia is 10.67 million (2013).
Republic of Bolivia
Motto: "La Unión es la Fuerza" (Spanish)
"Unity is Strength"
Anthem: Himno Nacional de Bolivia (Spanish)
|Capital||Sucre, La Paz |
|Largest city||Santa Cruz de la Sierra|
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary presidential constitutional republic|
|Legislature||Plurinational Legislative Assembly|
|Chamber of Deputies|
|6 August 1825|
|21 July 1847|
• Current constitution
|7 February 2009|
|1,098,581 km2 (424,164 sq mi) (27th)|
• Water (%)
• 2015 estimate
|10.4/km2 (26.9/sq mi) (221st)|
|GDP (PPP)||2017 estimate|
|$83.608 billion (91st)|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2017 estimate|
|$39.267 billion (96th)|
• Per capita
|Gini (2014)|| 48.4|
|HDI (2015)|| 0.674|
medium · 118th
|Time zone||UTC−4 (BOT)|
|ISO 3166 code||BO|
Bolivia is named after Simón Bolívar. The main languages are Spanish and Quechua, but there are other languages too.
Bolivia used to be a colony of Spain. The silver mines in Bolivia made most of Spain's money, and Spain used Bolivians as slaves to work in the mines. After many wars, Simón Bolívar helped Bolivia to be an independent country.
Bolivia is a landlocked nation, which means every border of Bolivia is a border with another country, and so it does not have a sea. It used to own some of the Pacific coast, but it lost it in 1879 in the War of the Pacific. The west of Bolivia is on the Andes mountain range. The highest mountain in Bolivia is called Nevado de Sajama and it is near the city of Oruro. Although this part of the country is very high with lots of mountains, there are also parts of Bolivia which are very flat, and parts of the country which are very near sea level. There is also a bit of Bolivia covered by the Amazon rainforest, and a big lake which is the highest lake in the world. This lake is called Lake Titicaca.
The population of Bolivia is approximately 10,907,778 people. The ethnic composition of the country is like the following:
Bolivia is divided into nine departments. The departments are divided into 112 provinces. The provinces are divided into 339 municipalities and into native community lands.
|Territorial division of Bolivia|
|Population||Surface (km²)||Density||Capital city|
|La Paz||BO-L||2.756.989||133.985||19,9||La Paz|
|Santa Cruz||BO-S||2.626.697||370.621||7,1||Santa Cruz de la Sierra|
|Source: Demographic Projections 2008, Bolivian National Demographic Institute. The departmental densitiy has been calculated with the population of 2006.|
Bolivian culture has many Inca, Aymara and other native influences in religion, music and clothing. There is a big festival in Oruro, which is called "El carnaval de Oruro". People in Bolivia like playing football, and football, which is often played in the street. Zoos are also very popular, but they do not have much money.
The Cantuta (often spelled kantuta or qantuta) (Cantua buxifolia or Fuchsia buxifolia) is a flower found in the Yungas, and is the national flower of Bolivia along with the patujú (Heliconia rostrata) found in the tropical regions of Bolivia.
- "Moneda de 10 Centavos" [10 Cent Coins] (in Spanish). Central Bank of Bolivia. Archived from the original on 28 April 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- Political Constitution of the State – Article 5
- "South America :: Bolivia". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
- BOLIVIA: POBLACIÓN TOTAL PROYECTADA, POR AÑO CALENDARIO, SEGÚN ÁREA Y DEPARTAMENTO, 2010 – 2015. Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Bolivia.
- "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". International Monetary Fund.
- "Gini index". World Bank. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
- "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
- The World Factbook. CIA.
- World Factbook
- Fenton-Glynn, Claire (2019-04-18). Children's Rights and Sustainable Development: Interpreting the UNCRC for Future Generations. Cambridge University Press. p. 296. ISBN 978-1-107-19302-4.
- Political Constitution of Bolivia, Article 269