Comoros (officially called Union of the Comoros) is a small island nation in the Indian Ocean. It is between Madagascar and mainland Africa. The capital is Moroni on Grande Comore. The population (except for Mayotte) is about 798,000 people.
Union of the Comoros
Union des Comores (French)
Udzima wa Komori (Comorian)
الاتحاد القمري (Arabic)
Motto: Unité – Solidarité – Développement (French)
"Unity – Solidarity – Development"
and largest city
|1. Fouad Mohadji|
2. Mohamed Ali Soilih
3. Nourdine Bourhane
|Legislature||Assembly of the Union|
• from France
|6 July 1975|
|2,235 km2 (863 sq mi) (178th (incl. Mayotte))|
• Water (%)
• 2010 estimate
|275/km2 (712.2/sq mi) (25th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2012 estimate|
|$869 million (179th)|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2012 estimate|
|$595 million (177th)|
• Per capita
|HDI (2011)|| 0.433|
low · 163rd
|Currency||Comorian franc (KMF)|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (EAT)|
• Summer (DST)
|UTC+3 (not observed)|
|ISO 3166 code||KM|
a. Excluding Mayotte
The Comoros is formed by Ngazidja (Grande Comore), Mwali (Mohéli) and Nzwani (Anjouan), the three major islands in the Comoros Archipelago. There are also many minor islets. The islands are officially known by their Comorian language names. International sources still use their French names (given in parentheses above). The capital and largest city is Moroni on Ngazidja.
At 2,034 km2 (785 sq mi), it is one of the smallest countries in the world. The interiors of the islands vary from steep mountains to low hills.
The climate is generally tropical and mild. The rainy season runs from December to April. It is called kashkazi/kaskazi, meaning north monsoon. The cool, dry season is from May to November. It is called kusi, meaning south monsoon.
The temperature reaches an average of 29–30 °C (84–86 °F) in March, the hottest month. The average low is 19 °C (66 °F) in the dry season. The islands are rarely subject to cyclones.
The islands have their own ecoregion, the Comoros forests.
In November 1975, the Comoros became the 143rd member of the United Nations. The citizens of Mayotte chose to become French citizens and keep their island as a French territory.
- "Comoros". State.gov. 5 May 2010. Retrieved 1 June 2010.
- "Assoumani officially declared president-elect of Comoros". Africa News. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
- "Comoros". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- Human Development Indices, Table 3: Human and income poverty, p. 35. Retrieved on 1 June 2009