Djibouti (officially called the Republic of Djibouti) is a country on the eastern coast of Africa. Djibouti gained its independence from France on June 27, 1977. The country was created out of the French Somaliland (later called the French Territory of the Afars and Issas), which was created in the 1800s as a result of French colonialism in Africa. Djibouti had a population of 818,159 at the 2009 census. It is one of the least populous countries in Africa.
Republic of Djibouti
and largest city
|Recognised national languages|
|Government||Unitary dominant-party presidential republic|
|Ismaïl Omar Guelleh|
|Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed|
• from France
|27 June 1977|
|23,200 km2 (9,000 sq mi) (146th)|
• Water (%)
|0.09 (20 km² / 7.7 sq mi)|
• 2016 estimate
|37.2/km2 (96.3/sq mi) (168th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2017 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2017 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2015)|| 0.473|
low · 172nd
|Currency||Djiboutian franc (DJF)|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (EAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||DJ|
The history of Djibouti goes back thousands of years when it was part of the Sabean Empire (Ethiopia) to a time when Djiboutians traded hides and skins for the perfumes and spices of ancient Egypt, Pakistan, and China. Through close contacts with the Arabian peninsula for more than 1,000 years, the Somali and Afar tribes in this region became among the first on the African continent to accept Islam. Djibouti is a Muslim country which regularly takes part in Islamic as well as Arab meetings.
The country is close to a narrow part of the Red Sea so it is considered an important area from a military viewpoint.
Djibouti is near to the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden at the east.
Djibouti is divided into five regions and one city. It is further divided into eleven districts.
The regions and city are:
This is a list of cities in Djibouti. All places with more than 1,000 people are included.
|Cities in Djibouti|
|1||Djibouti City||جيبوتي||623,891||Djibouti City|
|2||Ali Sabieh||على صبيح||43,074||Ali Sabieh Region|
|7.||Holhol||هلهول||3,519||Ali Sabieh Region|
|11.||Alaili Dadda||علايلي دادا||1,456||Obock Region|
The people of Djibouti are mostly Muslim. Islam is observed by 94% of Djibouti's population (about 740,000) (2010 estimate). The remaining six percent follow Christianity.
|Religion in Djibouti|
The Republic of Djibouti names Islam as the only state religion. The Constitution of 1992 provides for the equality of citizens of all faiths as well as the freedom to practise any religion.
Association football is the most popular sport in Djibouti. The country became a member of FIFA in 1994. They have only played in qualifying rounds for both the African Cup of Nations and FIFA World Cup.
- "Djibouti's Constitution of 1992 with Amendments through 2010" (PDF). Government of DJibouti. p. 3. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
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- "Djibouti". International Monetary Fund.
- "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
- "Communication Officielle des Resultats du Recensement Général de la Population". Ministère de l'Economie, des Finances et de la Planification, Djibouti. 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
- "World Bank country data Djibouti (2009) (number rounded)". Data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2011-04-27.
- "Today in Djibouti History". Historyorb.com. Retrieved 2011-04-27.
- "United Nations member states". Un.org. Retrieved 2011-04-27.
- "Highest Mountains Djibouti". GeoNames. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- "Teams - Djibouti". FIFA. Retrieved 17 December 2016.