country in Africa

Djibouti (officially called the Republic of Djibouti) is a country on the eastern coast of Africa. Djibouti gained its independence from France on June 27, 1977. The country was created out of the French Somaliland (later called the French Territory of the Afars and Issas), which was created in the 1800s as a result of French colonialism in Africa. Djibouti had a population of 818,159 at the 2009 census.[6] It is one of the least populous countries in Africa.[7]

Republic of Djibouti

  • République de Djibouti  (French)
  • جمهورية جيبوتي  (Arabic)
  • Gabuutih Ummuuno  (Afar)
  • Jamhuuriyadda Jabuuti  (Somali)
Motto: اتحاد، مساواة، سلام (Arabic)
Unité, Égalité, Paix (French)
Unity, Equality, Peace
Anthem: Djibouti
Location of Djibouti
Location of Djibouti
and largest city
11°36′N 43°10′E / 11.600°N 43.167°E / 11.600; 43.167
Official languages
Recognised national languages
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party presidential republic
• President
Ismaïl Omar Guelleh
Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
LegislatureNational Assembly
• from France
27 June 1977[2]
• Total
23,200[2] km2 (9,000 sq mi)[2] (146th)
• Water (%)
0.09 (20 km² / 7.7 sq mi)
• 2016 estimate
• Density
37.2/km2 (96.3/sq mi) (168th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
3.656 billion[4]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$2.098 billion[4]
• Per capita
Gini (2009)40.0
HDI (2015)Increase 0.473[5]
low · 172nd
CurrencyDjiboutian franc (DJF)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+253
ISO 3166 codeDJ

Djibouti joined the United Nations on September 20, 1977.[8][9] It is also a member of the Arab League, as well as the African Union and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).

The history of Djibouti goes back thousands of years when it was part of the Sabean Empire (Ethiopia) to a time when Djiboutians traded hides and skins for the perfumes and spices of ancient Egypt, Pakistan, and China. Through close contacts with the Arabian peninsula for more than 1,000 years, the Somali and Afar tribes in this region became among the first on the African continent to accept Islam. Djibouti is a Muslim country which regularly takes part in Islamic as well as Arab meetings.

The country is close to a narrow part of the Red Sea so it is considered an important area from a military viewpoint.


Djibouti is near to the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden at the east.

Djibouti has eight mountain ranges with peaks of over 1,000 m (3,281 ft).[10] The Grand Bara desert covers parts of southern Djibouti.


Map of the regions of Djibouti

Djibouti is divided into five regions and one city. It is further divided into eleven districts.

The regions and city are:


This is a list of cities in Djibouti. All places with more than 1,000 people are included.

Cities in Djibouti
Rank Name Population Region
Transcription Arabic
1 Djibouti City جيبوتي 623,891 Djibouti City
2 Ali Sabieh على صبيح 43,074 Ali Sabieh Region
3 Tadjourah تاجورة 22,193 Tadjourah Region
4 Obock أوبوك 17,776 Obock Region
5. Dikhil دخيل 13,090 Dikhil Region
6. Arta ارتا 9,789 Arta Region
7. Holhol هلهول 3,519 Ali Sabieh Region
8. Dorra درة 1,873 Tadjourah Region
9. Galafi غالافي 1,849 Dikhil Region
10. Loyada لويادا 1,646 Arta Region
11. Alaili Dadda علايلي دادا 1,456 Obock Region


The people of Djibouti are mostly Muslim. Islam is observed by 94% of Djibouti's population (about 740,000) (2010 estimate). The remaining six percent follow Christianity.

Religion in Djibouti
religion percent

The Republic of Djibouti names Islam as the only state religion. The Constitution of 1992 provides for the equality of citizens of all faiths as well as the freedom to practise any religion.


Association football is the most popular sport in Djibouti. The country became a member of FIFA in 1994.[11] They have only played in qualifying rounds for both the African Cup of Nations and FIFA World Cup.


The country is linked to Ethiopia by way of the Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway.


  1. "Djibouti's Constitution of 1992 with Amendments through 2010" (PDF). Government of DJibouti. p. 3. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Djibouti". The World Factbook. CIA. 5 February 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  3. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Djibouti". International Monetary Fund.
  5. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  6. "Communication Officielle des Resultats du Recensement Général de la Population". Ministère de l'Economie, des Finances et de la Planification, Djibouti. 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
  7. "World Bank country data Djibouti (2009) (number rounded)". Retrieved 2011-04-27.
  8. "Today in Djibouti History". Retrieved 2011-04-27.
  9. "United Nations member states". Retrieved 2011-04-27.
  10. "Highest Mountains Djibouti". GeoNames. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  11. "Teams - Djibouti". FIFA. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

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