Somali Plate

tectonic plate

The Somali plate is a tectonic plate at the Equator.

The Somali plate

Its center is roughly the island of Madagascar. It includes about half of the east coast of Africa, from the Gulf of Aden in the north through the East African Rift Valley.[1]

It is a part of the African plate that is moving eastward thanks to the rift valley. This rift valley has formed lakes and volcanoes, notably Mt. Kilimanjaro. Eventually the Somali Plate will break away from the African Plate.


  1. Saria, E; Calais, E.; Stamps, D.S.; Delvaux, D.; Hartnady, C.J.H. (20 March 2014). "Present-day Kinematics of the East African Rift". Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 119 (4): 3584–3600. Bibcode:2014JGRB..119.3584S. CiteSeerX doi:10.1002/2013JB010901. S2CID 128891002.