Mount Kilimanjaro

mountain massif in Kilimanjaro National Park in Tanzania

Kilimanjaro (or Kilimanjaro, which means "shining mountain" in Swahili), formerly Kaiser-Wilhelm-Spitze, is a mountain in northeastern Tanzania. Kilimanjaro is the tallest free-standing mountain rise in the world, rising 4600 meters (15,000 ft) from the base, and is the highest peak in Africa at 5,895 meters (19,340 ft).[5] It gives a dramatic view from the surrounding plains. Almost 85% of the ice cover on Kilimanjaro disappeared from October 1912 to June 2011.

The Kibo summit of Mount Kilimanjaro.
Highest point
Elevation5,895 m (19,341 ft)[1]
Prominence5,885 m (19,308 ft)[2]
Ranked 4th[3]
Isolation5,510 km (3,420 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
Coordinates03°04′33″S 37°21′12″E / 3.07583°S 37.35333°E / -3.07583; 37.35333
Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania
Kilimanjaro's location in Tanzania
Kilimanjaro is located in Africa
Kilimanjaro (Africa)
LocationKilimanjaro Region, north east Tanzania
Parent rangeThe Eastern Rift mountains
Topo mapKilimanjaro map and guide by Wielochowski[4]
Age of rock3 million years
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Last eruptionBetween 150,000 and 200,000 years ago
First ascent6 October 1889 by Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller
Easiest routeHiking

Kilimanjaro is also a strato-like volcano. It has explosive eruptions. The last major eruption was about 100,000 years ago. killimanjaro is 5895 meters tall.

Elephants arriving at Mount Kilimanjaro.

Climbing and acclimatization


There are 6 routes up Kilimanjaro: Lemosho, Machame, Marangu, Umbwe, Rongai and Northern Circuit.[6]

Since there are big differences in height, climbers can feel Altitude sickness. 7-, 8- and 9-day routes are recommended (especially for beginners), as on them it will be easier to adapt to less oxygen in the air. The more time is spent being on the slope, the easier it is to acclimatize.[7]

For best results, It is recommended to plan for 6 to 8 weeks of training before your Kilimanjaro trek and build your stamina and strength. Add some ‘walks’ into your gym workouts to stimulate the development of relevant muscles. Try doing one or two day walking trials in your area. It will be a good physical preparation but also a nice way to prepare yourself to the challenge.[8]

It may not be a technical climb, but there are still a few Mount Kilimanjaro fatalities each year, and those heading up Africa’s tallest mountain need to have a clear-eyed respect for danger. The main causes of death on Kilimanjaro are: High Altitude Illness (HAI) or Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE) High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE). These three are the main killers on the mountain.[9]


  1. "Kilimanjaro National Park". World Heritage List. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  2. "Kilimanjaro". Archived from the original on 12 September 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  3. "World Peaks with 4000 meters of Prominence". Archived from the original on 30 September 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
  4. Kilimanjaro Map and tourist Guide (Map) (4th ed.). 1:75,000 with 1:20,000 and 1:30,000 insets. EWP Map Guides. Cartography by EWP. EWP. 2009. ISBN 0-906227-66-6. Archived from the original on 2015-07-17.
  5. NHK, "Kilimanjaro: White Mountain of the Equator -- Tanzania, 5,895 m"; retrieved 2012-5-24.
  6. "Mount Kilimanjaro Climbing". Retrieved 2018-01-18.
  7. "High Altitude Acclimatization on Kilimanjaro | Climbing Tips for Beginners". Retrieved 2018-01-18.
  8. "Kilimanjaro Training Program". Climbing Kilimanjaro. Archived from the original on 2021-02-26. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  9. "Mount Kilimanjaro Deaths". Climbing Kilimanjaro. Archived from the original on 2021-02-26. Retrieved 2020-01-10.