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state of Germany

Rhineland-Palatinate (German: Rheinland-Pfalz) is one of 16 states (German: Bundesländer) of Germany. It has an area of 19,854 km2 (7,665.7 sq mi) and 4.073 million people living in it. The capital is Mainz.


Flag of Rhineland-Palatinate
Coat of arms of Rhineland-Palatinate
Coat of arms
Position of the Rhineland-Palatinate within Germany
Position of the Rhineland-Palatinate within Germany
 • Minister PresidentMalu Dreyer (SPD)
 • Governing partiesSPD / FDP / Greens
 • Total19,854.21 km2 (7,665.75 sq mi)
 (31 December 2016)
 • Total4,073,280
 • Density210/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)


Rhineland-Palatinate was created on 30 August 1947. It was formed from the northern part of the French Occupation Zone (the Rhenish Palatinate or German: pfalz which had been a part of Bavaria) as well as the southern parts of the Prussian Rhine Province, Birkenfeld which formerly belonged to Oldenburg, parts of the Prussian Province of Nassau (see Hesse-Nassau), and parts of Hesse-Darmstadt as well as Rheinhessen on the western banks of the Rhine.

The people of the new state voted to accept the boundary changes in a referendum on 18 May 1947.


Rhineland-Palatinate borders on (from the north and clockwise) North Rhine-Westphalia (another German state), Hesse (another German state), Baden-Württemberg (another German state), France, Saarland (another German state), Luxembourg, and Belgium.

The main axis of the state is the Rhine river, that forms the border with Baden-Württemberg and Hesse in the southeast before running across the northern part of Rhineland-Palatinate. The Rhine Valley is bounded by mountains with some of the historically most significant places of Germany.

In the northwest there are the southern parts of the Eifel mountains. Farther south there is the Hunsrück mountain, which is continued by the Taunus mountains on the opposite side of the Rhine. The hilly lands in the south of the state are called the Palatine Forest (Pfälzerwald).

These mountains are separated from each other by the tributaries of the Rhine: the Moselle (Mosel), the Lahn and the Nahe.


Rhineland-Palatinate is a parliamentary democracy. Every five years, all Germans over the age of 18 elect the members of the Rhineland-Palatinate Parliament, German: Landtag. This regional parliament or legislature then elects the premier and confirms the cabinet members. Rhineland-Palatinate is the only German Bundesland (state) to have a cabinet minister for winegrowing.




The Ministers President since 1947:



Rhineland-Palatinate is divided into 24 districts, grouped into the three administrative regions: Koblenz, Trier and Rheinhessen-Pfalz.


(with county code car plate)

  1. Ahrweiler (AW)
  2. Altenkirchen (AK)
  3. Alzey-Worms (AZ)
  4. Bad Dürkheim (DÜW)
  5. Bad Kreuznach (KH)
  6. Bernkastel-Wittlich (WIL)
  7. Birkenfeld (BIR)
  8. Cochem-Zell (COC)
  9. Donnersbergkreis (KIB)
  10. Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm (BIT)
  11. Germersheim (GER)
  12. Kaiserslautern (KL)
  1. Kusel (KUS)
  2. Mainz-Bingen (MZ)
  3. Mayen-Koblenz (MYK)
  4. Neuwied (NR)
  5. Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis (SIM)
  6. Rhein-Lahn-Kreis (EMS)
  7. Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis (formerly LU, now RP)
  8. Südliche Weinstraße (SÜW)
  9. Südwestpfalz (PS)
  10. Trier-Saarburg (TR)
  11. Landkreis Vulkaneifel (DAU)
  12. Westerwaldkreis (WW)

Big citiesEdit

  1. Mainz
  2. Koblenz
  3. Kaiserslautern
  4. Ludwigshafen
  5. Neuwied
  6. Landau
  7. Pirmasens
  8. Mayen
  9. Bad Kreuznach

Related pagesEdit