state of the Federal Republic of Germany

Saarland (/ˈsɑːrlænd/, also US: /ˈzɑːr-/, German: [ˈzaːɐ̯lant] (audio speaker iconlisten); French: Sarre [saʁ]; Rhine Franconian: Saarlond) is a Bundesland (state) of Germany. It has an area of 2,568.45 km2 (991.7 sq mi) and 1,014,000 people living in it (2011). Saarland lies in the south-west of Germany, near the French border near Metz. The capital is Saarbrücken.

Flag of Saarland
Coat of arms of Saarland
Anthem: "Ich rühm' dich, du freundliches Land an der Saar"
("I praise you, you friendly land at the Saar")
Coordinates: 49°22′59″N 6°49′59″E / 49.38306°N 6.83306°E / 49.38306; 6.83306
 • BodyLandtag of Saarland
 • Minister-PresidentAnke Rehlinger (SDP)
 • Governing partiesSPD
 • Bundesrat votes3 (of 69)
 • Total2,570 km2 (990 sq mi)
 (31 December 2018)
 • Total990,509
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeDE-SL
GRP (nominal)€36 billion (2019)[1]
GRP per capita€37,000 (2019)
HDI (2018)0.931[2]
very high · 8th of 16 Edit this at Wikidata

History change

In 1920, the Treaty of Versailles made Saarland from parts of the Prussian Rhine Province (1,465 km2 (565.6 sq mi)) and the Rhine Palatinate (416 km2 (160.6 sq mi)). The area was put under the control of the League of Nations for 15 years. After a plebiscite (vote) in 1935, Germany got the land back. After World War II the Saarland came under French administration. The Saar Protectorate was allowed its own government for most things in 1947 but not independence. Germany got the Saarland back in 1957 and it became a Bundesland.

Geography change

In the south is France, in the north-west Luxembourg and in the north and east is Rhineland-Palatinate.

Saarland is divided in 6 districts:

City and towns change

Related pages change

References change

  1. "Bruttoinlandsprodukt – in jeweiligen Preisen – 1991 bis 2019". Archived from the original on 2020-06-25. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  2. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.