Saarland

state of Germany

Saarland (/ˈsɑːrlænd/, also US: /ˈzɑːr-/, German: [ˈzaːɐ̯lant] (About this soundlisten); French: Sarre [saʁ]; Rhine Franconian: Saarlond) is a Bundesland (state) of Germany. It has an area of 2,568.45 km2 (991.7 sq mi) and 1,014,000 people living in it (2011). Saarland lies in the south-west of Germany, near the French border near Metz. The capital is Saarbrücken.

Saarland
Flag of Saarland
Flag
Coat of arms of Saarland
Coat of arms
Anthem: "Ich rühm' dich, du freundliches Land an der Saar"
("I praise you, you friendly land at the Saar")
Coordinates: 49°22′59″N 6°49′59″E / 49.38306°N 6.83306°E / 49.38306; 6.83306
CountryGermany
CapitalSaarbrücken
Government
 • BodyLandtag of Saarland
 • Minister-PresidentTobias Hans (CDU)
 • Governing partiesCDU / SPD
 • Bundesrat votes3 (of 69)
Area
 • Total2,570 km2 (990 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2018)
 • Total990,509
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Saarlanders
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeDE-SL
GRP (nominal)€36 billion (2019)[1]
GRP per capita€37,000 (2019)
NUTS RegionDEC
HDI (2018)0.931[2]
very high · 8th of 16
Websitewww.saarland.de

HistoryEdit

In 1920, the Treaty of Versailles made Saarland from parts of the Prussian Rhine Province (1,465 km2 (565.6 sq mi)) and the Rhine Palatinate (416 km2 (160.6 sq mi)). The area was put under the control of the League of Nations for 15 years. After a plebiscite (vote) in 1935, Germany got the land back. After World War II the Saarland came under French administration. The Saar Protectorate was allowed its own government for most things in 1947 but not independence. Germany got the Saarland back in 1957 and it became a Bundesland.

GeographyEdit

In the south is France, in the north-west Luxembourg and in the north and east is Rhineland-Palatinate.

Saarland is divided in 6 districts:

City and townsEdit

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Bruttoinlandsprodukt – in jeweiligen Preisen – 1991 bis 2019". statistik-bw.de. Archived from the original on 2020-06-25. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  2. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.