Serbia and Montenegro

federal republic (1992–2003) and political union (2003–2006) in the Balkans

Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Србија и Црна Гора, Srbija I Crna Gora, abbreviated as "SCG") was the name of the union of Serbia and Montenegro that was created after the collapse of Yugoslavia. The two nations were seperated in 2006 after a vote.

State Union of Serbia and Montenegro
Државна Заједница Србија и Црна Гора
Državna zajednica Srbija i Crna Gora
Flag of Republic of Serbia and Montenegro
Coat of arms of Republic of Serbia and Montenegro
Coat of arms
Anthem: Hej, Sloveni
(English: "Hey, Slavs")
Location of Republic of Serbia and Montenegro
StatusFederal republic (1992–2003),
State Union (2003–2006)
Common languagesSerbo-Croatian (1992-1997)
Serbian (1997-2006)
• 1992–1993
Dobrica Ćosić
• 1993–1996
Zoran Lilić
• 1996–2000
Slobodan Milošević
• 2000–2002
Vojislav Koštunica
• 2002–2006
Svetozar Marović
Prime Minister 
• 1992–1993
Milan Panić
• 1993–1998
Radoje Kontić
• 1998–2000
Momir Bulatović
• 2000–2001
Zoran Žižić
• 2001–2003
Dragiša Pešić
• 2003-2006
Svetozar Marović
Historical eraPost–Cold War
• Constitution
April 27, 1992
• Established
April 28 1992
November 1, 2000
February 4, 2002
• Dissolution of the State Union
June 5 2006
2006102,350 km2 (39,520 sq mi)
• 2006
CurrencyYugoslav dinar (1992-2003)
Serbian dinar (Serbia 2003-2006)
Deutsche Mark (Montenegro 1999-2002)
Euro (Montenegro 2002-2006)
Calling code381
Internet TLD.yu
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
¹Membership as FRY
ISO 3166-1=CS,UTC offset = +1

It was on the west-central Balkan Peninsula. It had borders with Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia, to the west, Hungary to the north, Romania and Bulgaria to the east, North Macedonia to the south and Albania to the southwest, with just over 200 km of coast on the Adriatic.

Serbia and Montenegro worked together in only some political areas. The states had separate economic policies and currencies (money). Although both the states now had more freedom to do as they are pleased than they did as Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro were still a Sovereign State united under one government.

The people of Montenegro wanted independence however, and on 21 May 2006 the government held a vote to ask the Montenegrins whether they still wanted to stay in the union. 55.5% of Montenegrins agreed to be independent. On 3 June 2006 Montenegro declared independence; followed by Serbia's declaration of independence two days later on 5 June 2006.[source?]