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ISO 3166-1, is part of the ISO 3166 standard. It gives a code for the names of countries and dependent territories, and is published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country codes. There are three sets of country codes:[1]

ISO 3166-1 is not the only standard for country codes. Many international organizations use their own country codes, where some of them closely correspond to the ISO 3166-1 codes. For examples, see country codes.

Contents

Rules for inclusionEdit

Currently, 244 countries and territories have official ISO 3166-1 codes. The only way to enter a new country name into ISO 3166-1 is to have it registered in one of the following two sources:[2]

To be listed in the bulletin Country Names, a country or territory must be any of the following:

Once a country name or territory name appears in either of these two sources, it will be added to ISO 3166-1 by default.

Officially assigned code elementsEdit

The following is a complete ISO 3166-1 encoding code list in alphabetical order by the English short country names officially used by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA), which uses country names from United Nations sources.[3] The table includes officially assigned codes only.

Official country names used by the ISO 3166/MA Numeric Alpha-3 Alpha-2 Local ISO codes
  Afghanistan 004 AFG AF ISO 3166-2:AF
  Åland Islands 248 ALA AX ISO 3166-2:AX
  Albania 008 ALB AL ISO 3166-2:AL
  Algeria 012 DZA DZ ISO 3166-2:DZ
  American Samoa 016 ASM AS ISO 3166-2:AS
  Andorra 020 AND ISO 3166-2:AD
  Angola 024 AGO AO ISO 3166-2:AO
  Anguilla 660 AIA AI ISO 3166-2:AI
  Antarctica 010 ATA AQ ISO 3166-2:AQ
  Antigua and Barbuda 028 ATG AG ISO 3166-2:AG
  Argentina 032 ARG AR ISO 3166-2:AR
  Armenia 051 ARM AM ISO 3166-2:AM
  Aruba 533 ABW AW ISO 3166-2:AW
  Australia 036 AUS AU ISO 3166-2:AU
  Austria 040 AUT AT ISO 3166-2:AT
  Azerbaijan 031 AZE AZ ISO 3166-2:AZ
  Bahamas 044 BHS BS ISO 3166-2:BS
  Bahrain 048 BHR BH ISO 3166-2:BH
  Bangladesh 050 BGD BD ISO 3166-2:BD
  Barbados 052 BRB BB ISO 3166-2:BB
  Belarus 112 BLR BY ISO 3166-2:BY
  Belgium 056 BEL BE ISO 3166-2:BE
  Belize 084 BLZ BZ ISO 3166-2:BZ
  Benin 204 BEN BJ ISO 3166-2:BJ
  Bermuda 060 BMU BM ISO 3166-2:BM
  Bhutan 064 BTN BT ISO 3166-2:BT
  Bolivia 068 BOL BO ISO 3166-2:BO
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 070 BIH BA ISO 3166-2:BA
  Botswana 072 BWA BW ISO 3166-2:BW
  Bouvet Island 074 BVT BV ISO 3166-2:BV
  Brazil 076 BRA BR ISO 3166-2:BR
  British Indian Ocean Territory 086 IOT IO ISO 3166-2:IO
  Brunei Darussalam 096 BRN BN ISO 3166-2:BN
  Bulgaria 100 BGR BG ISO 3166-2:BG
  Burkina Faso 854 BFA BF ISO 3166-2:BF
 Burundi 108 BDI BI ISO 3166-2:BI
  Cambodia 116 KHM KH ISO 3166-2:KH
  Cameroon 120 CMR CM ISO 3166-2:CM
  Canada 124 CAN CA ISO 3166-2:CA
  Cape Verde 132 CPV CV ISO 3166-2:CV
  Cayman Islands 136 CYM KY ISO 3166-2:KY
  Central African Republic 140 CAF CF ISO 3166-2:CF
  Chad 148 TCD TD ISO 3166-2:TD
  Chile 152 CHL CL ISO 3166-2:CL
  China 156 CHN CN ISO 3166-2:CN
  Christmas Island 162 CXR CX ISO 3166-2:CX
  Cocos (Keeling) Islands 166 CCK CC ISO 3166-2:CC
  Colombia 170 COL CO ISO 3166-2:CO
  Comoros 174 COM KM ISO 3166-2:KM
  Congo 178 COG CG ISO 3166-2:CG
  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 180 COD CD ISO 3166-2:CD
  Cook Islands 184 COK CK ISO 3166-2:CK
  Costa Rica 188 CRI CR ISO 3166-2:CR
  Côte d'Ivoire 384 CIV CI ISO 3166-2:CI
 Croatia 191 HRV HR ISO 3166-2:HR
 Cuba 192 CUB CU ISO 3166-2:CU
 Cyprus 196 CYP CY ISO 3166-2:CY
 Czechia 203 CZE CZ ISO 3166-2:CZ
 Denmark 208 DNK DK ISO 3166-2:DK
 Djibouti 262 DJI DJ ISO 3166-2:DJ
 Dominica 212 DMA DM ISO 3166-2:DM
 Dominican Republic 214 DOM DO ISO 3166-2:DO
 Ecuador 218 ECU EC ISO 3166-2:EC
 Egypt 818 EGY EG ISO 3166-2:EG
 El Salvador 222 SLV SV ISO 3166-2:SV
 Equatorial Guinea 226 GNQ GQ ISO 3166-2:GQ
 Eritrea 232 ERI ER ISO 3166-2:ER
 Estonia 233 EST EE ISO 3166-2:EE
 Ethiopia 231 ETH ET ISO 3166-2:ET
 Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 238 FLK FK ISO 3166-2:FK
 Faroe Islands 234 FRO FO ISO 3166-2:FO
 Fiji 242 FJI FJ ISO 3166-2:FJ
 Finland 246 FIN FI ISO 3166-2:FI
  France 250 FRA FR ISO 3166-2:FR
  French Guiana 254 GUF GF ISO 3166-2:GF
 French Polynesia 258 PYF PF ISO 3166-2:PF
 French Southern Territories 260 ATF TF ISO 3166-2:TF
 Gabon 266 GAB GA ISO 3166-2:GA
 Gambia 270 GMB GM ISO 3166-2:GM
 Georgia 268 GEO GE ISO 3166-2:GE
  Germany 276 DEU DE ISO 3166-2:DE
 Ghana 288 GHA GH ISO 3166-2:GH
 Gibraltar 292 GIB GI ISO 3166-2:GI
 Greece 300 GRC GR ISO 3166-2:GR
 Greenland 304 GRL GL ISO 3166-2:GL
 Grenada 308 GRD GD ISO 3166-2:GD
 Guadeloupe[1] 312 GLP GP ISO 3166-2:GP
 Guam 316 GUM GU ISO 3166-2:GU
 Guatemala 320 GTM GT ISO 3166-2:GT
 Guernsey 831 GGY GG ISO 3166-2:GG
 Guinea 324 GIN GN ISO 3166-2:GN
 Guinea-Bissau 624 GNB GW ISO 3166-2:GW
 Guyana 328 GUY GY ISO 3166-2:GY
 Haiti 332 HTI HT ISO 3166-2:HT
 Heard Island and McDonald Islands 334 HMD HM ISO 3166-2:HM
 Holy See (Vatican City State) 336 VAT VA ISO 3166-2:VA
 Honduras 340 HND HN ISO 3166-2:HN
 Hong Kong 344 HKG HK ISO 3166-2:HK
 Hungary 348 HUN HU ISO 3166-2:HU
 Iceland 352 ISL IS ISO 3166-2:IS
 India 356 IND IN ISO 3166-2:IN
 Indonesia 360 IDN ID ISO 3166-2:ID
 Iran, Islamic Republic of 364 IRN IR ISO 3166-2:IR
 Iraq 368 IRQ IQ ISO 3166-2:IQ
 Ireland 372 IRL IE ISO 3166-2:IE
 Isle of Man 833 IMN IM ISO 3166-2:IM
 Israel 376 ISR IL ISO 3166-2:IL
  Italy 380 ITA IT ISO 3166-2:IT
 Jamaica 388 JAM JM ISO 3166-2:JM
 Japan 392 JPN JP ISO 3166-2:JP
 Jersey 832 JEY JE ISO 3166-2:JE
 Jordan 400 JOR JO ISO 3166-2:JO
 Kazakhstan 398 KAZ KZ ISO 3166-2:KZ
 Kenya 404 KEN KE ISO 3166-2:KE
 Kiribati 296 KIR KI ISO 3166-2:KI
 Korea, Democratic People's Republic of 408 PRK KP ISO 3166-2:KP
 Korea, Republic of 410 KOR KR ISO 3166-2:KR
 Kuwait 414 KWT KW ISO 3166-2:KW
 Kyrgyzstan 417 KGZ KG ISO 3166-2:KG
 Lao People's Democratic Republic 418 LAO LA ISO 3166-2:LA
 Latvia 428 LVA LV ISO 3166-2:LV
 Lebanon 422 LBN LB ISO 3166-2:LB
 Lesotho 426 LSO LS ISO 3166-2:LS
 Liberia 430 LBR LR ISO 3166-2:LR
 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 434 LBY LY ISO 3166-2:LY
 Liechtenstein 438 LIE LI ISO 3166-2:LI
 Lithuania 440 LTU LT ISO 3166-2:LT
 Luxembourg 442 LUX LU ISO 3166-2:LU
 Macao 446 MAC MO ISO 3166-2:MO
 Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of 807 MKD MK ISO 3166-2:MK
 Madagascar 450 MDG MG ISO 3166-2:MG
 Malawi 454 MWI MW ISO 3166-2:MW
 Malaysia 458 MYS MY ISO 3166-2:MY
 Maldives 462 MDV MV ISO 3166-2:MV
 Mali 466 MLI ML ISO 3166-2:ML
 Malta 470 MLT MT ISO 3166-2:MT
 Marshall Islands 584 MHL MH ISO 3166-2:MH
 Martinique 474 MTQ MQ ISO 3166-2:MQ
 Mauritania 478 MRT MR ISO 3166-2:MR
 Mauritius 480 MUS MU ISO 3166-2:MU
 Mayotte 175 MYT YT ISO 3166-2:YT
 Mexico 484 MEX MX ISO 3166-2:MX
 Micronesia, Federated States of 583 FSM FM ISO 3166-2:FM
 Moldova, Republic of 498 MDA MD ISO 3166-2:MD
 Monaco 492 MCO MC ISO 3166-2:MC
 Mongolia 496 MNG MN ISO 3166-2:MN
 Montenegro 499 MNE ME ISO 3166-2:ME
 Montserrat 500 MSR MS ISO 3166-2:MS
 Morocco 504 MAR MA ISO 3166-2:MA
 Mozambique 508 MOZ MZ ISO 3166-2:MZ
 Myanmar 104 MMR MM ISO 3166-2:MM
 Namibia 516 NAM NA ISO 3166-2:NA
 Nauru 520 NRU NR ISO 3166-2:NR
 Nepal 524 NPL NP ISO 3166-2:NP
 Netherlands 528 NLD NL ISO 3166-2:NL
 Netherlands Antilles 530 ANT AN ISO 3166-2:AN
 New Caledonia 540 NCL NC ISO 3166-2:NC
 New Zealand 554 NZL NZ ISO 3166-2:NZ
 Nicaragua 558 NIC NI ISO 3166-2:NI
 Niger 562 NER NE ISO 3166-2:NE
 Nigeria 566 NGA NG ISO 3166-2:NG
 Niue 570 NIU NU ISO 3166-2:NU
 Norfolk Island 574 NFK NF ISO 3166-2:NF
 Northern Mariana Islands 580 MNP MP ISO 3166-2:MP
 Norway 578 NOR NO ISO 3166-2:NO
 Oman 512 OMN OM ISO 3166-2:OM
 Pakistan 586 PAK PK ISO 3166-2:PK
 Palau 585 PLW PW ISO 3166-2:PW
 Palestine, State Of 275 PSE PS ISO 3166-2:PS
 Panama 591 PAN PA ISO 3166-2:PA
 Papua New Guinea 598 PNG PG ISO 3166-2:PG
 Paraguay 600 PRY PY ISO 3166-2:PY
 Peru 604 PER PE ISO 3166-2:PE
 Philippines 608 PHL PH ISO 3166-2:PH
 Pitcairn 612 PCN PN ISO 3166-2:PN
 Poland 616 POL PL ISO 3166-2:PL
 Portugal 620 PRT PT ISO 3166-2:PT
 Puerto Rico 630 PRI PR ISO 3166-2:PR
 Qatar 634 QAT QA ISO 3166-2:QA
 Réunion 638 REU RE ISO 3166-2:RE
 Romania 642 ROU RO ISO 3166-2:RO
 Russian Federation 643 RUS RU ISO 3166-2:RU
 Rwanda 646 RWA RW ISO 3166-2:RW
 Saint Helena 654 SHN SH ISO 3166-2:SH
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 659 KNA KN ISO 3166-2:KN
 Saint Lucia 662 LCA LC ISO 3166-2:LC
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 666 SPM PM ISO 3166-2:PM
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 670 VCT VC ISO 3166-2:VC
 Samoa 882 WSM WS ISO 3166-2:WS
 San Marino 674 SMR SM ISO 3166-2:SM
 São Tomé and Príncipe 678 STP ST ISO 3166-2:ST
 Saudi Arabia 682 SAU SA ISO 3166-2:SA
 Senegal 686 SEN SN ISO 3166-2:SN
 Serbia 688 SRB RS ISO 3166-2:RS
 Seychelles 690 SYC SC ISO 3166-2:SC
 Sierra Leone 694 SLE SL ISO 3166-2:SL
 Singapore 702 SGP SG ISO 3166-2:SG
 Slovakia 703 SVK SK ISO 3166-2:SK
 Slovenia 705 SVN SI ISO 3166-2:SI
 Solomon Islands 090 SLB SB ISO 3166-2:SB
 Somalia 706 SOM SO ISO 3166-2:SO
 South Africa 710 ZAF ZA ISO 3166-2:ZA
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 239 SGS GS ISO 3166-2:GS
 Spain 724 ESP ES ISO 3166-2:ES
 Sri Lanka 144 LKA LK ISO 3166-2:LK
 Sudan 736 SDN SD ISO 3166-2:SD
 Suriname 740 SUR SR ISO 3166-2:SR
 Svalbard and Jan Mayen 744 SJM SJ ISO 3166-2:SJ
 Swaziland 748 SWZ SZ ISO 3166-2:SZ
 Sweden 752 SWE SE ISO 3166-2:SE
 Switzerland 756 CHE CH ISO 3166-2:CH
 Syrian Arab Republic 760 SYR SY ISO 3166-2:SY
  Taiwan, Province of ChinaTaiwan, Province of China 158 TWN TW ISO 3166-2:TW
 Tajikistan 762 TJK TJ ISO 3166-2:TJ
 Tanzania, United Republic of 834 TZA TZ ISO 3166-2:TZ
 Thailand 764 THA TH ISO 3166-2:TH
 Timor-Leste 626 TLS TL ISO 3166-2:TL
 Togo 768 TGO TG ISO 3166-2:TG
 Tokelau 772 TKL TK ISO 3166-2:TK
 Tonga 776 TON TO ISO 3166-2:TO
 Trinidad and Tobago 780 TTO TT ISO 3166-2:TT
 Tunisia 788 TUN TN ISO 3166-2:TN
 Turkey 792 TUR TR ISO 3166-2:TR
 Turkmenistan 795 TKM TM ISO 3166-2:TM
  Turks and Caicos Islands 796 TCA TC ISO 3166-2:TC
 Tuvalu 798 TUV TV ISO 3166-2:TV
 Uganda 800 UGA UG ISO 3166-2:UG
 Ukraine 804 UKR UA ISO 3166-2:UA
 United Arab Emirates 784 ARE AE ISO 3166-2:AE
  United Kingdom 826 GBR GB ISO 3166-2:GB
 United States 840 USA US ISO 3166-2:US
 United States Minor Outlying Islands 581 UMI UM ISO 3166-2:UM
 Uruguay 858 URY UY ISO 3166-2:UY
 Uzbekistan 860 UZB UZ ISO 3166-2:UZ
 Vanuatu 548 VUT VU ISO 3166-2:VU
 Venezuela 862 VEN VE ISO 3166-2:VE
 Viet Nam 704 VNM VN ISO 3166-2:VN
 Virgin Islands, British 092 VGB VG ISO 3166-2:VG
 Virgin Islands, U.S. 850 VIR VI ISO 3166-2:VI
 Wallis and Futuna 876 WLF WF ISO 3166-2:WF
 Western Sahara 732 ESH EH ISO 3166-2:EH
 Yemen 887 YEM YE ISO 3166-2:YE
 Zambia 894 ZMB ZM ISO 3166-2:ZM
 Zimbabwe 716 ZWE ZW ISO 3166-2:ZW

^ Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin were detached from Guadeloupe and became overseas collectivities of France on February 21, 2007. The ISO has yet to release the official codes for the new collectivities.

Reserved and user-assigned code elementsEdit

Besides the officially assigned codes, code elements may be expanded by using either reserved codes or user-assigned codes.[4]

Reserved code elements are codes which, while not ISO 3166-1 codes, are in use for some applications in conjunction with the ISO 3166 codes. They are reserved to add flexibility to the coding system. Usually, obsolete codes may be kept as reserved, while some overseas territories, international organizations, and special nationality status have reserved codes of their own. See the corresponding sections in ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 for their respective reserved codes (ISO 3166-1 numeric does not have reserved codes).

User-assigned code elements are codes at the disposal of users who need to add further names of countries, territories or other geographical entities to their in-house application of ISO 3166-1, and the ISO 3166/MA will never use them in the updating process of the standard. See the corresponding sections in ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 and ISO 3166-1 numeric for their respective user-assigned codes.

ChangesEdit

A country or territory may get new codes if it changes its name or its territorial boundaries. A country generally gets new alphabetical codes if its name changes, whereas a new numeric code is associated with a change of boundaries. Changes to ISO 3166-1 are announced in periodic newsletters, of which 12 have been released since the first edition of ISO 3166-1 was published in 1997:

  1. Newsletter V-1 – Published 1998-02-05: change of official name of Samoa
  2. Newsletter V-2 – Published 1999-10-01: new entries for Palestinian Territory, Occupied
  3. Newsletter V-3 – Published 2002-02-01: change of alpha-3 code element for Romania
  4. Newsletter V-4 – Published 2002-05-20: name changes for various countries
  5. Newsletter V-5 – Published 2002-05-20: change of names and alphabetical code elements for East Timor
  6. Newsletter V-6 – Published 2002-11-15: change of names for East Timor (to Timor-Leste)
  7. Newsletter V-7 – Published 2002-11-15: change of official name of Comoros
  8. Newsletter V-8 – Published 2003-07-23: deletion of Yugoslavia, new entry for Serbia and Montenegro
  9. Newsletter V-9 – Published 2004-02-13: new entry for Åland Islands
  10. Newsletter V-10 – Published 2004-04-26: name changes for Afghanistan and Åland Islands
  11. Newsletter V-11 – Published 2006-03-29: new entries for Guernsey, Isle of Man and Jersey
  12. Newsletter V-12 – Published 2006-09-26: deletion of Serbia and Montenegro, new entries for Montenegro and Serbia

The second edition of ISO 3166-1 was published in 2007, which comprises a consolidation of all changes to the lists as published in the newsletters above.[5]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ISO 3166 FAQs – General questions
  2. ISO 3166-1 and ccTLDs
  3. ISO 3166 and the UN
  4. Customizing ISO 3166-1
  5. Second edition of ISO 3166-1 published

Information on reserved codes taken from "Reserved code elements under ISO 3166-1" published by Secretariat of ISO/TC 46, ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency, 2001-02-13, available on request from ISO 3166/MA.

Other websitesEdit