ISO 3166-1

published ISO standard

ISO 3166-1, is part of the ISO 3166 standard. It gives a code for the names of countries and dependent territories, and is published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country codes. There are three sets of country codes:[1]

ISO 3166-1 is not the only standard for country codes. Many international organizations use their own country codes, where some of them closely correspond to the ISO 3166-1 codes. For examples, see country codes.

Rules for inclusionEdit

Currently, 244 countries and territories have official ISO 3166-1 codes. The only way to enter a new country name into ISO 3166-1 is to have it registered in one of the following two sources:[2]

To be listed in the bulletin Country Names, a country or territory must be any of the following:

Once a country name or territory name appears in either of these two sources, it will be added to ISO 3166-1 by default.

Officially assigned code elementsEdit

The following is a complete ISO 3166-1 encoding code list in alphabetical order by the English short country names officially used by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA), which uses country names from United Nations sources.[3] The table includes officially assigned codes only.

English short name (using title case) Alpha-2 code Alpha-3 code Numeric code Link to ISO 3166-2 subdivision codes Independent
  Afghanistan AF AFG 004 ISO 3166-2:AF Yes
  Åland Islands AX ALA 248 ISO 3166-2:AX No
  Albania AL ALB 008 ISO 3166-2:AL Yes
  Algeria DZ DZA 012 ISO 3166-2:DZ Yes
  American Samoa AS ASM 016 ISO 3166-2:AS No
  Andorra AD AND 020 ISO 3166-2:AD Yes
  Angola AO AGO 024 ISO 3166-2:AO Yes
  Anguilla AI AIA 660 ISO 3166-2:AI No
  Antarctica AQ ATA 010 ISO 3166-2:AQ No
  Antigua and Barbuda AG ATG 028 ISO 3166-2:AG Yes
  Argentina AR ARG 032 ISO 3166-2:AR Yes
  Armenia AM ARM 051 ISO 3166-2:AM Yes
  Aruba AW ABW 533 ISO 3166-2:AW No
  Australia AU AUS 036 ISO 3166-2:AU Yes
  Austria AT AUT 040 ISO 3166-2:AT Yes
  Azerbaijan AZ AZE 031 ISO 3166-2:AZ Yes
  Bahamas BS BHS 044 ISO 3166-2:BS Yes
  Bahrain BH BHR 048 ISO 3166-2:BH Yes
  Bangladesh BD BGD 050 ISO 3166-2:BD Yes
  Barbados BB BRB 052 ISO 3166-2:BB Yes
  Belarus BY BLR 112 ISO 3166-2:BY Yes
  Belgium BE BEL 056 ISO 3166-2:BE Yes
  Belize BZ BLZ 084 ISO 3166-2:BZ Yes
  Benin BJ BEN 204 ISO 3166-2:BJ Yes
  Bermuda BM BMU 060 ISO 3166-2:BM No
  Bhutan BT BTN 064 ISO 3166-2:BT Yes
  Bolivia (Plurinational State of) BO BOL 068 ISO 3166-2:BO Yes
  Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba BQ BES 535 ISO 3166-2:BQ No
  Bosnia and Herzegovina BA BIH 070 ISO 3166-2:BA Yes
  Botswana BW BWA 072 ISO 3166-2:BW Yes
  Bouvet Island BV BVT 074 ISO 3166-2:BV No
  Brazil BR BRA 076 ISO 3166-2:BR Yes
  British Indian Ocean Territory IO IOT 086 ISO 3166-2:IO No
  Brunei Darussalam BN BRN 096 ISO 3166-2:BN Yes
  Bulgaria BG BGR 100 ISO 3166-2:BG Yes
  Burkina Faso BF BFA 854 ISO 3166-2:BF Yes
  Burundi BI BDI 108 ISO 3166-2:BI Yes
  Cabo Verde CV CPV 132 ISO 3166-2:CV Yes
  Cambodia KH KHM 116 ISO 3166-2:KH Yes
  Cameroon CM CMR 120 ISO 3166-2:CM Yes
  Canada CA CAN 124 ISO 3166-2:CA Yes
  Cayman Islands KY CYM 136 ISO 3166-2:KY No
  Central African Republic CF CAF 140 ISO 3166-2:CF Yes
  Chad TD TCD 148 ISO 3166-2:TD Yes
  Chile CL CHL 152 ISO 3166-2:CL Yes
  China CN CHN 156 ISO 3166-2:CN Yes
  Christmas Island CX CXR 162 ISO 3166-2:CX No
  Cocos (Keeling) Islands CC CCK 166 ISO 3166-2:CC No
  Colombia CO COL 170 ISO 3166-2:CO Yes
  Comoros KM COM 174 ISO 3166-2:KM Yes
  Congo CG COG 178 ISO 3166-2:CG Yes
  Congo, Democratic Republic of the CD COD 180 ISO 3166-2:CD Yes
  Cook Islands CK COK 184 ISO 3166-2:CK No
  Costa Rica CR CRI 188 ISO 3166-2:CR Yes
  Côte d'Ivoire CI CIV 384 ISO 3166-2:CI Yes
  Croatia HR HRV 191 ISO 3166-2:HR Yes
  Cuba CU CUB 192 ISO 3166-2:CU Yes
  Curaçao CW CUW 531 ISO 3166-2:CW No
  Cyprus CY CYP 196 ISO 3166-2:CY Yes
  Czechia CZ CZE 203 ISO 3166-2:CZ Yes
  Denmark DK DNK 208 ISO 3166-2:DK Yes
  Djibouti DJ DJI 262 ISO 3166-2:DJ Yes
  Dominica DM DMA 212 ISO 3166-2:DM Yes
  Dominican Republic DO DOM 214 ISO 3166-2:DO Yes
  Ecuador EC ECU 218 ISO 3166-2:EC Yes
  Egypt EG EGY 818 ISO 3166-2:EG Yes
  El Salvador SV SLV 222 ISO 3166-2:SV Yes
  Equatorial Guinea GQ GNQ 226 ISO 3166-2:GQ Yes
  Eritrea ER ERI 232 ISO 3166-2:ER Yes
  Estonia EE EST 233 ISO 3166-2:EE Yes
  Eswatini SZ SWZ 748 ISO 3166-2:SZ Yes
  Ethiopia ET ETH 231 ISO 3166-2:ET Yes
  Falkland Islands (Malvinas) FK FLK 238 ISO 3166-2:FK No
  Faroe Islands FO FRO 234 ISO 3166-2:FO No
  Fiji FJ FJI 242 ISO 3166-2:FJ Yes
  Finland FI FIN 246 ISO 3166-2:FI Yes
  France FR FRA 250 ISO 3166-2:FR Yes
  French Guiana GF GUF 254 ISO 3166-2:GF No
  French Polynesia PF PYF 258 ISO 3166-2:PF No
  French Southern Territories TF ATF 260 ISO 3166-2:TF No
  Gabon GA GAB 266 ISO 3166-2:GA Yes
  Gambia GM GMB 270 ISO 3166-2:GM Yes
  Georgia GE GEO 268 ISO 3166-2:GE Yes
  Germany DE DEU 276 ISO 3166-2:DE Yes
  Ghana GH GHA 288 ISO 3166-2:GH Yes
  Gibraltar GI GIB 292 ISO 3166-2:GI No
  Greece GR GRC 300 ISO 3166-2:GR Yes
  Greenland GL GRL 304 ISO 3166-2:GL No
  Grenada GD GRD 308 ISO 3166-2:GD Yes
  Guadeloupe GP GLP 312 ISO 3166-2:GP No
  Guam GU GUM 316 ISO 3166-2:GU No
  Guatemala GT GTM 320 ISO 3166-2:GT Yes
  Guernsey GG GGY 831 ISO 3166-2:GG No
  Guinea GN GIN 324 ISO 3166-2:GN Yes
  Guinea-Bissau GW GNB 624 ISO 3166-2:GW Yes
  Guyana GY GUY 328 ISO 3166-2:GY Yes
  Haiti HT HTI 332 ISO 3166-2:HT Yes
  Heard Island and McDonald Islands HM HMD 334 ISO 3166-2:HM No
  Holy See VA VAT 336 ISO 3166-2:VA Yes
  Honduras HN HND 340 ISO 3166-2:HN Yes
  Hong Kong HK HKG 344 ISO 3166-2:HK No
  Hungary HU HUN 348 ISO 3166-2:HU Yes
  Iceland IS ISL 352 ISO 3166-2:IS Yes
  India IN IND 356 ISO 3166-2:IN Yes
  Indonesia ID IDN 360 ISO 3166-2:ID Yes
  Iran (Islamic Republic of) IR IRN 364 ISO 3166-2:IR Yes
  Iraq IQ IRQ 368 ISO 3166-2:IQ Yes
  Ireland IE IRL 372 ISO 3166-2:IE Yes
  Isle of Man IM IMN 833 ISO 3166-2:IM No
  Israel IL ISR 376 ISO 3166-2:IL Yes
  Italy IT ITA 380 ISO 3166-2:IT Yes
  Jamaica JM JAM 388 ISO 3166-2:JM Yes
  Japan JP JPN 392 ISO 3166-2:JP Yes
  Jersey JE JEY 832 ISO 3166-2:JE No
  Jordan JO JOR 400 ISO 3166-2:JO Yes
  Kazakhstan KZ KAZ 398 ISO 3166-2:KZ Yes
  Kenya KE KEN 404 ISO 3166-2:KE Yes
  Kiribati KI KIR 296 ISO 3166-2:KI Yes
  Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) KP PRK 408 ISO 3166-2:KP Yes
  Korea, Republic of KR KOR 410 ISO 3166-2:KR Yes
  Kuwait KW KWT 414 ISO 3166-2:KW Yes
  Kyrgyzstan KG KGZ 417 ISO 3166-2:KG Yes
  Lao People's Democratic Republic LA LAO 418 ISO 3166-2:LA Yes
  Latvia LV LVA 428 ISO 3166-2:LV Yes
  Lebanon LB LBN 422 ISO 3166-2:LB Yes
  Lesotho LS LSO 426 ISO 3166-2:LS Yes
  Liberia LR LBR 430 ISO 3166-2:LR Yes
  Libya LY LBY 434 ISO 3166-2:LY Yes
  Liechtenstein LI LIE 438 ISO 3166-2:LI Yes
  Lithuania LT LTU 440 ISO 3166-2:LT Yes
  Luxembourg LU LUX 442 ISO 3166-2:LU Yes
  Macao MO MAC 446 ISO 3166-2:MO No
  Madagascar MG MDG 450 ISO 3166-2:MG Yes
  Malawi MW MWI 454 ISO 3166-2:MW Yes
  Malaysia MY MYS 458 ISO 3166-2:MY Yes
  Maldives MV MDV 462 ISO 3166-2:MV Yes
  Mali ML MLI 466 ISO 3166-2:ML Yes
  Malta MT MLT 470 ISO 3166-2:MT Yes
  Marshall Islands MH MHL 584 ISO 3166-2:MH Yes
  Martinique MQ MTQ 474 ISO 3166-2:MQ No
  Mauritania MR MRT 478 ISO 3166-2:MR Yes
  Mauritius MU MUS 480 ISO 3166-2:MU Yes
  Mayotte YT MYT 175 ISO 3166-2:YT No
  Mexico MX MEX 484 ISO 3166-2:MX Yes
  Micronesia (Federated States of) FM FSM 583 ISO 3166-2:FM Yes
  Moldova, Republic of MD MDA 498 ISO 3166-2:MD Yes
  Monaco MC MCO 492 ISO 3166-2:MC Yes
  Mongolia MN MNG 496 ISO 3166-2:MN Yes
  Montenegro ME MNE 499 ISO 3166-2:ME Yes
  Montserrat MS MSR 500 ISO 3166-2:MS No
  Morocco MA MAR 504 ISO 3166-2:MA Yes
  Mozambique MZ MOZ 508 ISO 3166-2:MZ Yes
  Myanmar MM MMR 104 ISO 3166-2:MM Yes
  Namibia NA NAM 516 ISO 3166-2:NA Yes
  Nauru NR NRU 520 ISO 3166-2:NR Yes
  Nepal NP NPL 524 ISO 3166-2:NP Yes
  Netherlands NL NLD 528 ISO 3166-2:NL Yes
  New Caledonia NC NCL 540 ISO 3166-2:NC No
  New Zealand NZ NZL 554 ISO 3166-2:NZ Yes
  Nicaragua NI NIC 558 ISO 3166-2:NI Yes
  Niger NE NER 562 ISO 3166-2:NE Yes
  Nigeria NG NGA 566 ISO 3166-2:NG Yes
  Niue NU NIU 570 ISO 3166-2:NU No
  Norfolk Island NF NFK 574 ISO 3166-2:NF No
  North Macedonia MK MKD 807 ISO 3166-2:MK Yes
  Northern Mariana Islands MP MNP 580 ISO 3166-2:MP No
  Norway NO NOR 578 ISO 3166-2:NO Yes
  Oman OM OMN 512 ISO 3166-2:OM Yes
  Pakistan PK PAK 586 ISO 3166-2:PK Yes
  Palau PW PLW 585 ISO 3166-2:PW Yes
  Palestine, State of PS PSE 275 ISO 3166-2:PS No
  Panama PA PAN 591 ISO 3166-2:PA Yes
  Papua New Guinea PG PNG 598 ISO 3166-2:PG Yes
  Paraguay PY PRY 600 ISO 3166-2:PY Yes
  Peru PE PER 604 ISO 3166-2:PE Yes
  Philippines PH PHL 608 ISO 3166-2:PH Yes
  Pitcairn PN PCN 612 ISO 3166-2:PN No
  Poland PL POL 616 ISO 3166-2:PL Yes
  Portugal PT PRT 620 ISO 3166-2:PT Yes
  Puerto Rico PR PRI 630 ISO 3166-2:PR No
  Qatar QA QAT 634 ISO 3166-2:QA Yes
  Réunion RE REU 638 ISO 3166-2:RE No
  Romania RO ROU 642 ISO 3166-2:RO Yes
  Russian Federation RU RUS 643 ISO 3166-2:RU Yes
  Rwanda RW RWA 646 ISO 3166-2:RW Yes
  Saint Barthélemy BL BLM 652 ISO 3166-2:BL No
  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha SH SHN 654 ISO 3166-2:SH No
  Saint Kitts and Nevis KN KNA 659 ISO 3166-2:KN Yes
  Saint Lucia LC LCA 662 ISO 3166-2:LC Yes
  Saint Martin (French part) MF MAF 663 ISO 3166-2:MF No
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon PM SPM 666 ISO 3166-2:PM No
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VC VCT 670 ISO 3166-2:VC Yes
  Samoa WS WSM 882 ISO 3166-2:WS Yes
  San Marino SM SMR 674 ISO 3166-2:SM Yes
  Sao Tome and Principe ST STP 678 ISO 3166-2:ST Yes
  Saudi Arabia SA SAU 682 ISO 3166-2:SA Yes
  Senegal SN SEN 686 ISO 3166-2:SN Yes
  Serbia RS SRB 688 ISO 3166-2:RS Yes
  Seychelles SC SYC 690 ISO 3166-2:SC Yes
  Sierra Leone SL SLE 694 ISO 3166-2:SL Yes
  Singapore SG SGP 702 ISO 3166-2:SG Yes
  Sint Maarten (Dutch part) SX SXM 534 ISO 3166-2:SX No
  Slovakia SK SVK 703 ISO 3166-2:SK Yes
  Slovenia SI SVN 705 ISO 3166-2:SI Yes
  Solomon Islands SB SLB 090 ISO 3166-2:SB Yes
  Somalia SO SOM 706 ISO 3166-2:SO Yes
  South Africa ZA ZAF 710 ISO 3166-2:ZA Yes
  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands GS SGS 239 ISO 3166-2:GS No
  South Sudan SS SSD 728 ISO 3166-2:SS Yes
  Spain ES ESP 724 ISO 3166-2:ES Yes
  Sri Lanka LK LKA 144 ISO 3166-2:LK Yes
  Sudan SD SDN 729 ISO 3166-2:SD Yes
  Suriname SR SUR 740 ISO 3166-2:SR Yes
  Svalbard and Jan Mayen SJ SJM 744 ISO 3166-2:SJ No
  Sweden SE SWE 752 ISO 3166-2:SE Yes
  Switzerland CH CHE 756 ISO 3166-2:CH Yes
  Syrian Arab Republic SY SYR 760 ISO 3166-2:SY Yes
  Taiwan, Province of China TW TWN 158 ISO 3166-2:TW[a] No
  Tajikistan TJ TJK 762 ISO 3166-2:TJ Yes
  Tanzania, United Republic of TZ TZA 834 ISO 3166-2:TZ Yes
  Thailand TH THA 764 ISO 3166-2:TH Yes
  Timor-Leste TL TLS 626 ISO 3166-2:TL Yes
  Togo TG TGO 768 ISO 3166-2:TG Yes
  Tokelau TK TKL 772 ISO 3166-2:TK No
  Tonga TO TON 776 ISO 3166-2:TO Yes
  Trinidad and Tobago TT TTO 780 ISO 3166-2:TT Yes
  Tunisia TN TUN 788 ISO 3166-2:TN Yes
  Turkey TR TUR 792 ISO 3166-2:TR Yes
  Turkmenistan TM TKM 795 ISO 3166-2:TM Yes
  Turks and Caicos Islands TC TCA 796 ISO 3166-2:TC No
  Tuvalu TV TUV 798 ISO 3166-2:TV Yes
  Uganda UG UGA 800 ISO 3166-2:UG Yes
  Ukraine UA UKR 804 ISO 3166-2:UA Yes
  United Arab Emirates AE ARE 784 ISO 3166-2:AE Yes
  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland GB GBR 826 ISO 3166-2:GB Yes
  United States of America US USA 840 ISO 3166-2:US Yes
  United States Minor Outlying Islands UM UMI 581 ISO 3166-2:UM No
  Uruguay UY URY 858 ISO 3166-2:UY Yes
  Uzbekistan UZ UZB 860 ISO 3166-2:UZ Yes
  Vanuatu VU VUT 548 ISO 3166-2:VU Yes
  Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) VE VEN 862 ISO 3166-2:VE Yes
  Viet Nam VN VNM 704 ISO 3166-2:VN Yes
  Virgin Islands (British) VG VGB 092 ISO 3166-2:VG No
  Virgin Islands (U.S.) VI VIR 850 ISO 3166-2:VI No
  Wallis and Futuna WF WLF 876 ISO 3166-2:WF No
  Western Sahara EH ESH 732 ISO 3166-2:EH No
  Yemen YE YEM 887 ISO 3166-2:YE Yes
  Zambia ZM ZMB 894 ISO 3166-2:ZM Yes
  Zimbabwe ZW ZWE 716 ISO 3166-2:ZW Yes

Reserved and user-assigned code elementsEdit

Besides the officially assigned codes, code elements may be expanded by using either reserved codes or user-assigned codes.[4]

Reserved code elements are codes which, while not ISO 3166-1 codes, are in use for some applications in conjunction with the ISO 3166 codes. They are reserved to add flexibility to the coding system. Usually, obsolete codes may be kept as reserved, while some overseas territories, international organizations, and special nationality status have reserved codes of their own. See the corresponding sections in ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 for their respective reserved codes (ISO 3166-1 numeric does not have reserved codes).

User-assigned code elements are codes at the disposal of users who need to add further names of countries, territories or other geographical entities to their in-house application of ISO 3166-1, and the ISO 3166/MA will never use them in the updating process of the standard. See the corresponding sections in ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 and ISO 3166-1 numeric for their respective user-assigned codes.

ChangesEdit

A country or territory may get new codes if it changes its name or its territorial boundaries. A country generally gets new alphabetical codes if its name changes, whereas a new numeric code is associated with a change of boundaries. Changes to ISO 3166-1 are announced in periodic newsletters, of which 12 have been released since the first edition of ISO 3166-1 was published in 1997:

  1. Newsletter V-1 – Published 1998-02-05: change of official name of Samoa
  2. Newsletter V-2 – Published 1999-10-01: new entries for Palestinian Territory, Occupied
  3. Newsletter V-3 – Published 2002-02-01: change of alpha-3 code element for Romania
  4. Newsletter V-4 – Published 2002-05-20: name changes for various countries
  5. Newsletter V-5 – Published 2002-05-20: change of names and alphabetical code elements for East Timor
  6. Newsletter V-6 – Published 2002-11-15: change of names for East Timor (to Timor-Leste)
  7. Newsletter V-7 – Published 2002-11-15: change of official name of Comoros
  8. Newsletter V-8 – Published 2003-07-23: deletion of Yugoslavia, new entry for Serbia and Montenegro
  9. Newsletter V-9 – Published 2004-02-13: new entry for Åland Islands
  10. Newsletter V-10 – Published 2004-04-26: name changes for Afghanistan and Åland Islands
  11. Newsletter V-11 – Published 2006-03-29: new entries for Guernsey, Isle of Man and Jersey
  12. Newsletter V-12 – Published 2006-09-26: deletion of Serbia and Montenegro, new entries for Montenegro and Serbia

The second edition of ISO 3166-1 was published in 2007, which comprises a consolidation of all changes to the lists as published in the newsletters above.[5]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes

  1. See also the table in § Naming and disputes above.

Information on reserved codes taken from "Reserved code elements under ISO 3166-1" published by Secretariat of ISO/TC 46, ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency, 2001-02-13, available on request from ISO 3166/MA.

Other websitesEdit