island sovereign state in Oceania

Fiji is an island country in the Pacific Ocean. It has 322 islands. The most important islands are Vanua Levu and Viti Levu. The capital city and the city with the most people is Suva. There are about 844,330 people in Fiji. The official languages of Fiji are Fijian, English and Hindustani (a mix of Hindi and Urdu). Fiji is part of the Pacific Rim. About 313000 speak Fiji Hindi.

Republic of Fiji
  • Matanitu Tugalala o Viti  (Fijian)
  • फ़िजी गणराज्य  (Fiji Hindi)
Coat of arms of Fiji
Coat of arms
Motto: "Rerevaka na Kalou ka Doka na Tui" (Fijian)
"Fear God and honour the Queen"
Anthem: God Bless Fiji
Location of Fiji
and largest city
18°10′S 178°27′E / 18.167°S 178.450°E / -18.167; 178.450
Official languages[2]
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Wiliame Katonivere
Sitiveni Rabuka
• from the United Kingdom
10 October 1970
• Republic
7 October 1987
• Total
18,274 km2 (7,056 sq mi) (151st)
• Water (%)
• 2021 estimate
924,610[5][6] (161st)
• 2017 census
• Density
46.4/km2 (120.2/sq mi) (148th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$8.798 billion[8]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$4.869 billion[8]
• Per capita
Gini (2013)36.4[9]
HDI (2015)Steady 0.736[10]
high · 91st
CurrencyFijian dollar (FJD)
Time zoneUTC+12 (FJT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+13[11] (FJST[12])
Driving sideleft
Calling code+679
ISO 3166 codeFJ
Satellite Image

In the 17th and 18th centuries, the Dutch and the British explored Fiji.[13] Fiji was a British colony up until 1970; British occupation lasted almost a century.[14]

Fiji has many forest, mineral, and fish resources.

Divisions and provinces

Map of the divisions of Fiji.

Fiji is divided into Four Major Divisions:

These divisions are divided into 14 provinces:



Incorporated towns


Fijian law defines "towns" as urbanized areas incorporated as municipal bodies, governed by Town Councils.

Unincorporated towns


The following localities are urbanized, but have not been municipally organized.


Bounty Island

Fiji has a lot of tourism and many people go to the Nadi and Denarau islands.[15] Most visitors are from Australia, New Zealand and the USA.[16] Fiji has many soft coral reefs. Scuba diving is a common tourist activity.[15] More budget resorts are being opened in remote areas, which provides more tourism opportunities.[15]


Other websites



  1. Although Suva is the largest population center that is classified as a "city", the town of Nasinu has a population that is slightly higher than Suva's. See "Age, Sex and Marital Status by Urban and Rural Enumeration, Fiji 2007". Fiji Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
  2. "Constitution of the Republic of Fiji". The Fijian Government. Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2017. Subsection 3(3) reads: "This Constitution is to be adopted in the English language and translations in the iTaukei and Hindi languages are to be made available." Subsection 31(3) clarifies that Fiji Hindi is the intended meaning of "Hindi".
  3. "Fiji". The World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on 7 January 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  4. "Population by Religion and Province of Enumeration". 2007 Census of Population. Fiji Bureau of Statistics. June 2012. Archived from the original on 9 September 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2015. – Percentages are derived from total population figures provided in the source
  5. "World Population Prospects 2022". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  6. "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX). ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  7. Fiji Bureau of Statistics (5 January 2018). "2017 Population and Housing Census – Release 1". Census 2017. Archived from the original on 12 February 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Fiji". International Monetary Fund.
  9. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  10. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  11. "Fiji Reignites Daylight Saving Time on November 29". 10 November 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
  12. "FJST – Fiji Summer Time". Retrieved 24 October 2012.
  13. "Fiji: History". 2005. Retrieved 2010-09-15.
  14. "Tourism Fiji : A Social, Political and Environmental Case Study" (PDF). 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-07-12. Retrieved 2010-09-15.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Fiji Travel Information and Travel Guide. Lonely Planet. Retrieved April 2010. Archived 1999-02-24 at the Wayback Machine
  16. "Arrivals information Archived 2007-01-06 at the Wayback Machine" Bureau of Statistics.