island country in Oceania

Vanuatu is a country in the Pacific Ocean. The official languages of Vanuatu are Bislama, English and French. In 2020, 300,019 people lived in Vanuatu.[5] The capital of Vanuatu is Port Vila. The country was ruled as a colony by England and France. It got its independence in 1980.[7] During the colonial time, it was named the "New Hebrides" or "Nouvelles Hebrides".

Republic of Vanuatu
Ripablik blong Vanuatu   (in Bislama)
République de Vanuatu   (in French)
Coat of arms of Vanuatu
Coat of arms
Motto: "Long God yumi stanap"  (in Bislama)
(In God we stand[1][2][3])
Anthem: "Yumi, Yumi, Yumi"  (in Bislama)
("We, We, We")
Location of Vanuatu
and largest city
Port Vila
17°S 168°E / 17°S 168°E / -17; 168
Official languagesBislama
Ethnic groups
Ni-Vanuatu 98.5%
other 1.5%
Demonym(s)Ni-Vanuatu; Vanuatuan
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Nikenike Vurobaravu
Charlot Salwai
• from France and the United Kingdom
30 July 1980
• Total
12,190 km2 (4,710 sq mi) (161st)
• 2023 estimate
335,908[4] (182nd)
• 2020 census
• Density
19.7/km2 (51.0/sq mi) (188th)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$1.216 billion[6]
• Per capita
$5,500 (2010 est.)[6]
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$721 million[6]
• Per capita
HDI (2004)Increase 0.693
medium · 126th
CurrencyVanuatu vatu (VUV)
Time zoneUTC+11 (VUT (Vanuatu Time))
Driving sideright
Calling code678
ISO 3166 codeVU
Map of Vanuatu.

History change

Evidence shows, that people lived in Vanuatu by 1300 BC.[8] Portuguese explorer Pedro Fernández de Quirós first discovered the islands in 1606. British explorer, navigator James Cook discovered the islands in 1774. Cook mapped the islands and named them New Hebrides.[9][8]

Geography change

Vanuatu is an island archipelago. It has about 82 small islands. The islands were made from volcanoes. People live on 65 of the islands. There is about 800 miles (1,300 km) north to south distance between the outermost islands. Two of the islands (Matthew and Hunter) are also claimed by France. Fourteen of Vanuatu's islands are larger than 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi).

The highest point in Vanuatu is Mount Tabwemasana, at 1,879 metres (6,165 ft), on the island of Espiritu Santo.

Flora and fauna change

Even though it has tropical forests, Vanuatu has a small number of plant and animal species. There are no large mammals. The 19 species of native reptiles include the flowerpot snake, found only on Efate. The Fiji Banded Iguana (Brachylophus fasciatus) was introduced as a feral animal in the 1960s.[10][11] There are 11 species of bats and 61 species of land and water birds.

The region is rich in sea life. There are more than 4,000 species of marine molluscs. Coneshell and stonefish carry poison that will kill humans. The giant East African land snail arrived only in the 1970s but already has spread from the Port-Vila region to Luganville.

There are three or possibly four adult saltwater crocodiles living in Vanuatu's mangroves and no current breeding population.[11] It is said the crocodiles reach the northern part of the islands after cyclones. This is because of the island chain's closeness to the Solomon Islands and New Guinea, where crocodiles are very common.[12]

Cuisine change

The national dish of Vanuatu is the lap lap.[13]

Locations change

There are six provinces in Vanuatu. They are Malampa, Penama, Sanma, Shefa, Tafea and Torba.

Some of the cities are:[14]

Famous People From Vanuatu change

Adele Willie is a sports commentator.

Gallery change

References change

  1. Selmen, Harrison (2011-07-17). "Santo chiefs concerned over slow pace of development in Sanma". Vanuatu Daily Post. Retrieved 2011-08-29.
  2. John Lynch and Fa'afo Pat (eds), Proceedings of the first International Conference on Oceanic Linguistics, Australian National University, 1993, p. 319.
  3. G. W. Trompf, The Gospel is not Western: Black theologies from the Southwest Pacific, Orbis Books, 1987, p. 184.
  4. "Vanuatu Population (2023) – Worldometer". Retrieved 2023-09-05.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "2020 National Population and Housing Census - Basic Tables Report, Volume 1, Version 2" (PDF). Vanuatu National Statistics Office. 2021-11-17. Retrieved 2023-09-05.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Vanuatu". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  7. Swan, Quito J. (2020). Pauulu's Diaspora: Black Internationalism and Environmental Justice (1 ed.). University Press of Florida. doi:10.2307/j.ctv10kmbwz.7. ISBN 978-0-8130-5750-7. JSTOR j.ctv10kmbwz. S2CID 242264203.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Vanuatu - History". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-05-07.
  9. "Vanuatu profile - Timeline". BBC News. 2017-07-12. Retrieved 2021-05-07.
  10. Robert George Sprackland (1992). Giant lizards. Neptune, NJ: T.F.H. Publications. ISBN 0-86622-634-6.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Harewood, Jocelyn (2009). Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Lonely Planet. p. 47. ISBN 978-0-86622-634-9.
  12. Bennett, Michelle; Jocelyn Harewood (2003). Vanuatu. Lonely Planet. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-74059-239-0.
  13. The secrets of Vanuatu's national dish, the Lap Lap
  14. "Background Note: Vanuatu". Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs. U.S. Department of State. April 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-16.