Åland Islands

autonomous region of Finland

The Åland Islands (Swedish: Åland (pronounced IPA: ['oːland]), Finnish: Ahvenanmaa) form an archipelago in the Baltic Sea. It is situated at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia and forms an autonomous, demilitarized, monolingually Swedish-speaking administrative province, region and historical province of Finland. It is the smallest province of Finland, comprising 0.5% of Finland's population and 0.49% of land area.

Åland Islands

Coat of arms of Åland
Coat of arms
Motto: "Islands of Peace"[1]
Location of Åland
and largest city
Official languagesSwedish
    • Ålandic
    • Ålandish
    • Ålänning
    • Åländare
  • Ahvenanmaalainen
GovernmentAutonomous region of Finland
• Governora
Peter Lindbäck
• Premier
Katrin Sjögren
• Declared
• Recognized
• Total
1,580[2] km2 (610 sq mi) (unranked)
• 2011 estimate
• Density
18.14/km2 (47.0/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2007 estimate
• Total
$1.563 billion[3]
• Per capita
HDI (2007)0.967[4]
very high
CurrencyEuro (€)d (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
Calling code+358e
ISO 3166 codeAX
Internet TLD.axf
  1. The governorship is an administrative post appointed by the Government of Finland and does not have any authority over the autonomous Government of Åland.
  2. Settled by the League of Nations following the Åland crisis.
  3. Åland held a separate referendum and then joined at the same time as the rest of Finland.
  4. Until 1999, the Finnish markka. The Swedish krona (SEK) is also widely used.
  5. Area code 18.
  6. Replacing .aland.fi from August 2006. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with Finland and the rest of European Union member states.


  1. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4188/is_20040718/ai_n11466101%7C Deseret News (Salt Lake City), 18 Jul 2004, by Tim Vickery, Associated Press
  2. "Facts about Åland". Retrieved 15 September 2012.
  3. "Välkommen till ÅSUB! - Ålands statistik- och utredningsbyrå". www.asub.ax.
  4. "Human Development Report 2007". 2007.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Åland at Wikimedia Commons