Togo is a small country in West Africa. It is bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north. The capital city Lomé is located along the Gulf of Guinea. In 2016, about 7.5 million people lived there. The official language is French.
Location of Togo within the African Union
and largest city
|Vernacular languages||Gbe languages such as Ewe, Mina and Aja; Kabiyé; and others.|
|Ethnic groups||African 99%|
(37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre)
European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%
|Komi Sélom Klassou|
• from France
|April 27, 1960|
|56,785 km2 (21,925 sq mi) (125th)|
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
|137.8/km2 (356.9/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2014)|| 0.487|
low · 166th
|Currency||CFA franc (XOF)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (GMT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TG|
1 Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected. Rankings based on 2005 figures CIA World Factbook – Togo
² Rankings based on 2005 figures (source unknown)
From the 11th century to the 16th century, various tribes entered the region from all directions: the Ewé from the east, and the Mina and Guin from the west; most of them settled in coastal areas. The Portuguese explored the area in the late 15th century. As Togoland, it became a protectorate of Germany in 1884. After World War I, Togo was ceded to the French. Togo gained independence from French rule in the 1960s. General Gnassingbé Eyadéma became the military leader in 1967. When Eyadéma Resigns in 2002 and later died in 2005, his son, Faure Gnassingbe became president.
The economy of this small African country is based on agriculture. Agriculture provides jobs for 65% of the labor force according to the CIA Factbook. Agricultural products include coffee, cocoa, cotton, yams, cassava (tapioca), corn, beans, rice, millet, and sorghum. Industries include phosphate mining, agricultural processing, cement, handicrafts, textiles, and beverages. Togo's economy is primarily agricultural.
The largest cities in Togo are:
The Togolese enjoy many foods including tropical fruits, pastries, and many different products made from peanuts. Major drinks include tea, coffee, and wine. Togolese often snack on plantains and French donuts or beignets.
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