New Caledonia

special collectivity of France in the southwest Pacific Ocean

New Caledonia (French: Nouvelle-Calédonie; popular name: Le caillou) (Malay: Caledonia Baru) is a "sui generis collectivity" (in practice an overseas territory) of France, made up of a main island (Grande Terre) and several smaller islands. It is in the region of Melanesia in the southwest Pacific. At about half the size of Taiwan, it has a land area of 18,575.5 square kilometres (7,172 sq mi). At the 2004 census, 230,789 people lived there. It has an internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) of .nc. The capital and largest city of the territory is Nouméa. The currency is the CFP franc. The inflation rate is -0.6%. The unemployment rate is 17.1%

A referendum was held in November 2018 to see if New Caledonia should declare independence from France. The results were more people wanted to stay in France than leave.[1][2] There have been referendums later.[3]

In 2024's second quarter there were riots; five people have been killed (including indigenous people and police officers); A State of emergency has been declared by the authorities.[3]

Kanak people are an indigenous people.

References change

  1. "New Caledonia, French Leaders Look To Finalize Plans For 2018 Referendum | Pacific Islands Report". www.pireport.org. Archived from the original on 2019-05-04. Retrieved 2018-11-08.
  2. Willsher, Kim (19 March 2018). "New Caledonia sets date for independence referendum". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  3. 3.0 3.1 https://www.nrk.no/urix/opptoyer-i-ny-caledonia-etter-lovforslag-fra-nasjonalforsamlingen-i-frankrike-1.16885521. Retrieved 2024-05-17