Emmanuel Macron

President of France and Co-Prince of Andorra since 2017

Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron CBE (French: [emanɥɛl makʁɔ̃]; born 21 December 1977 in Amiens) is a French politician, senior civil servant, and former investment banker. Macron is the 25th and current President of France and co-prince of Andorra since 14 May 2017.

Emmanuel Macron

Macron in 2023
25th President of France
Assumed office
14 May 2017
Prime MinisterÉdouard Philippe
Jean Castex
Élisabeth Borne
Gabriel Attal
Preceded byFrançois Hollande
Minister of the Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs
In office
26 August 2014 – 30 August 2016
Prime MinisterManuel Valls
Preceded byArnaud Montebourg
Succeeded byMichel Sapin
Personal details
Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron

(1977-12-21) 21 December 1977 (age 46)
Amiens, France
Political partyRenaissance (2016–present)
Other political
Socialist Party (2006–2009)
Alma materParis X Nanterre
Sciences Po
École nationale d'administration

Macron was a member of the Socialist Party (PS) from 2006 to 2009. He was designated deputy secretary-general under François Hollande's first government in 2012 before being appointed Minister of Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs in 2014 under the Second Valls Government,[1] where he pushed through business-friendly reforms.

Macron resigned in August 2016[2] in order to launch a bid in the 2017 presidential election.[3] In November 2016, Macron declared that he would run in the election under the banner of En Marche!, a centrist[4] movement he founded in April 2016. Macron won the election after defeating Marine Le Pen on the second round on 7 May 2017 by winning 66% of the vote.[5] At his election to the presidency at age 39, he became the youngest President in French history and the youngest head of state since Napoléon III.[6] He was re-elected in 2022 beating Le Pen again, becoming the first French president in twenty years to win re-election.[7]

Early life change

Macron was born in Amiens, France. He is the son of Françoise (Noguès), a physician, and Jean-Michel Macron, professor of neurology at the University of Picardy.[8] He was raised in a non-religious family, but he was baptised a Roman Catholic at his own will at age 12.[9] He learnt piano in Amiens conservatory.[10]

His parents sent him off to Paris to study because of how close he had become with his teacher Brigitte Auzière, a married woman with three children at Jésuites de la Providence.[11] Macron was 15 years old..[12] She later became his wife.[11] He studied Philosophy at the University of Paris-Ouest Nanterre La Défense.

Early political career change

Macron was a member of the Socialist Party (PS) from 2006 to 2009.[13]

He was appointed as the Minister of Economy and Finance in the second Valls Cabinet on 26 August 2014, replacing Arnaud Montebourg.[14] In August 2015, Macron stated that he was no longer a member of the PS and was now an Independent.[15]

2017 French presidential bid change

Macron founded an independent political party, En Marche!, in Amiens on 6 April 2016.[16] On 16 November 2016, Macron formally declared his candidacy for the French presidency after months of speculation. In his announcement speech, Macron called for a "democratic revolution" and promised to "unblock France".[17]

Many foreign politicians have voiced support for Macron, including European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, German Chancellor Angela Merkel,[18] and former US President Barack Obama.[19]

On 23 April 2017, Macron won 24% of the vote with opponent Marine Le Pen winning 21%. During the second round, Macron beat Le Pen by a Landslide victory with 66% of the vote to LePen's 34%.[5]

President of France (since 2017) change

Macron formally became President on 14 May.[20] On 15 May, he appointed Édouard Philippe of the Republicans as Prime Minister.[21] On the same day, he met Angela Merkel, the Chancellor of Germany, as part of his first official foreign visit. The two leaders emphasized the importance of France–Germany relations to the European Union.[22] They agreed to draw up a "common road map" for Europe, insisting that neither was against changes to the Treaties of the European Union.[23]

Opposition to his domestic reforms, such as a proposed fuel tax, caused the 2018 yellow vests protests and other protests. From 2020, he led France's response to the COVID-19 pandemic and vaccination rollout. In foreign policy, he called for reforms to the European Union, and signed bilateral treaties with Italy and Germany.

He also oversaw a dispute with Australia and the United States over the AUKUS security pact, continued French involvement in the Syrian civil war, and joined in the international response to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

He was the first major European leader to call for a ceasefire in the 2023 Israel–Hamas war[24]

Honours and decorations change

National honours change

Ribbon bar Honour Date and comment
  Grand Master & Grand Cross of the National Order of the Legion of Honour 14 May 2017 – automatic upon taking presidential office
  Grand Master & Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit 14 May 2017 – automatic upon taking presidential office

Foreign honours change

Ribbon bar Country Honour Date
  Italy Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic 1 July 2021[25]
  Ivory Coast Grand Cross of the National Order of the Ivory Coast 20 December 2019
  Belgium Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold 19 November 2018
  South Korea Grand Order of Mugunghwa 8 October 2018[26]
  Finland Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose with Collar 29 August 2018[27]
  Denmark Knight of the Order of the Elephant 28 August 2018[28]
  Senegal Grand Cross of the National Order of the Lion 2 February 2018
  Tunisia Grand Cordon of the Order of the Republic of Tunisia 31 January 2018[29]
  Greece Grand Cross of the Order of the Redeemer 7 September 2017[30]
  United Kingdom Commander of the Order of the British Empire 5 June 2014[31]
  Brazil Grand Officer of the Order of the Southern Cross 9 December 2012[32]

References change

  1. Sylvie Corbet and Elaine Ganley « French gov't reshuffle expels dissident ministers » , Associated Press, 26 August 2014
  2. Julien Licourt; Yohan Blavignat (30 August 2016). "EN DIRECT - Macron évite soigneusement d'évoquer sa candidature" (in French). Le Figaro.
  3. "Macron quits to clear way for French presidential bid". BBC. 30 August 2016.
  4. "Macron joins race to 'unblock France'". BBC News. 16 November 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "En direct, Emmanuel Macron élu président : « Je défendrai la France, ses intérêts vitaux, son image »". Le Monde. 7 May 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  6. Serhan, Yasmeen (7 May 2017). "Emmanuel Macron Wins the French Presidency". The Atlantic. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  7. Spencer, Mimosa; Jabkhiro, Juliette; Foroudi, Layli (2022-04-24). "France's Macron beats Le Pen to win second term". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-04-24.
  8. "Dans un livre, Anne Fulda raconte Macron côté intime" (in French). JDD à la Une. 21 April 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  9. Gorce, Bernard (10 April 2017). "La jeunesse très catholique des candidats à la présidentielle". La Croix. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  10. 88 notes pour piano solo, Jean-Pierre Thiollet, Neva Éditions, 2015, p. 193. ISBN 978-2-35055-192-0
  11. 11.0 11.1 "What Emmanuel Macron's home town says about him". The Economist. 4 May 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  12. Fulda, Anne (2018-07-17). "The Macron affair: How the French election winner's parents discovered he was dating his teacher". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2019-08-27.
  13. "Macron, militant PS depuis 2006, n'est plus à jour de cotisation depuis 5 ans". L'Obs (in French). Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  14. Corbet, Sylvie; Ganley, Elaine (26 August 2014). "French gov't reshuffle expels dissident ministers". Associated Press.
  15. "Emmanuel Macron n'est plus encarté au Parti socialiste". Le Figaro (in French). 28 August 2015.
  16. "Emmanuel Macron lance un " mouvement politique nouveau " baptisé " En marche ! "". Le Monde.fr (in French). 6 April 2016. ISSN 1950-6244. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  17. "France's Macron joins presidential race to 'unblock France'". BBC News. 16 November 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  18. "Juncker breaks tradition with support for Macron". EUobserver. 24 April 2017.
  19. "Obama wishes French presidential hopeful Macron good luck ahead of key vote". CNBC. 21 April 2017.
  20. C.Sa (8 May 2017). "Passation de pouvoir : François Hollande passera «le flambeau» à Macron dimanche 14 mai". Le Parisien. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
  21. "Le premier ministre Philippe prépare « un gouvernement rassembleur de compétences »". Le Monde. 15 May 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  22. "French President Macron heads to Berlin for his first official foreign visit". CNN. 15 May 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  23. "Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel pledge to draw up 'common road map' for Europe". The Telegraph. 15 May 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  24. "Macron calls on Israel to stop killing Gaza's women and babies". BBC News. 2023-11-10. Retrieved 2023-11-11.
  25. "Pranzo di Stato offerto dal Presidente della Repubblica Francese in onore del Presidente Mattarella".
  26. "BTS becomes the youngest to receive Order of Cultural Merit". koreatimes.co.kr. 9 October 2018.
  27. "Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunnan suurristin ketjuineen ulkomaalaiset saajat". ritarikunnat.fi (in Finnish). Archived from the original on 28 November 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  28. "Modtagere af danske dekorationer". kongehuset.dk (in Danish). 12 December 2017. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  29. "En photos, les moments forts de la visite de Macron à Tunis". 1 February 2018.
  30. "France's Macron calls for efforts to tackle climate change - Metro News". Archived from the original on 7 September 2017. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  31. "Honorary awards" (PDF). 2014.
  32. "Decreto". 19 December 2012. Archived from the original on 5 January 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2022.

Other websites change