Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron [emanɥɛl makʁɔ̃]; born 21 December 1977 in Amiens) is a French politician, senior civil servant, and former investment banker. Macron is the 25th and current President of France and co-prince of Andorra since 14 May 2017. He is a social liberal.(French:
The President of France
|25th President of France|
|Assumed office |
14 May 2017
|Prime Minister||Édouard Philippe|
|Preceded by||François Hollande|
|Minister of the Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs|
26 August 2014 – 30 August 2016
|Prime Minister||Manuel Valls|
|Preceded by||Arnaud Montebourg|
|Succeeded by||Michel Sapin|
Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron
21 December 1977
|Political party||En Marche! (2016–present)|
Socialist Party (2006–2009)
Brigitte Trogneux (m. 2007)
|Alma mater||Paris X Nanterre|
École nationale d'administration
Macron was a member of the Socialist Party (PS) from 2006 to 2009. He was designated deputy secretary-general under François Hollande's first government in 2012 before being appointed Minister of Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs in 2014 under the Second Valls Government, where he pushed through business-friendly reforms.
Macron resigned in August 2016 in order to launch a bid in the 2017 presidential election. In November 2016, Macron declared that he would run in the election under the banner of En Marche!, a centrist movement he founded in April 2016. Macron won the election after defeating Marine Le Pen on the second round on 7 May 2017 by winning 66% of the vote. At his election to the presidency at age 39, he became the youngest President in French history and the youngest head of state since Napoléon III. He was re-elected in 2022 beating Le Pen again, becoming the first French president in twenty years to win re-election.
Macron was born in Amiens, France. He is the son of Françoise (Noguès), a physician, and Jean-Michel Macron, professor of neurology at the University of Picardy. He was raised in a non-religious family, but he was baptised a Roman Catholic at his own will at age 12. He learnt piano in Amiens conservatory.
His parents sent him off to Paris because of a bond he had formed with Brigitte Auzière, a married teacher with three children at Jésuites de la Providence, who later became his wife. He studied Philosophy at the University of Paris-Ouest Nanterre La Défense.
Early political careerEdit
He was appointed as the Minister of Economy and Finance in the second Valls Cabinet on 26 August 2014, replacing Arnaud Montebourg. In August 2015, Macron stated that he was no longer a member of the PS and was now an Independent.
2017 French presidential bidEdit
Macron founded an independent political party, En Marche!, in Amiens on 6 April 2016. On 16 November 2016, Macron formally declared his candidacy for the French presidency after months of speculation. In his announcement speech, Macron called for a "democratic revolution" and promised to "unblock France".
President of France (since 2017)Edit
Macron formally became President on 14 May. On 15 May, he appointed Édouard Philippe of the Republicans as Prime Minister. On the same day, he met Angela Merkel, the Chancellor of Germany, as part of his first official foreign visit. The two leaders emphasized the importance of France–Germany relations to the European Union. They agreed to draw up a "common road map" for Europe, insisting that neither was against changes to the Treaties of the European Union.
Opposition to his domestic reforms, such as a proposed fuel tax, caused the 2018 yellow vests protests and other protests. From 2020, he has led France's ongoing response to the COVID-19 pandemic and vaccination rollout. In foreign policy, he called for reforms to the European Union, and signed bilateral treaties with Italy and Germany.
He also oversaw a dispute with Australia and the United States over the AUKUS security pact, continued French involvement in the Syrian civil war, and joined in the international response to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.
Honours and decorationsEdit
|Ribbon bar||Honour||Date and comment|
|Grand Master & Grand Cross of the National Order of the Legion of Honour||14 May 2017 – automatic upon taking presidential office|
|Grand Master & Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit||14 May 2017 – automatic upon taking presidential office|
|Italy||Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic||1 July 2021|
|Ivory Coast||Grand Cross of the National Order of the Ivory Coast||20 December 2019|
|Belgium||Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold||19 November 2018|
|South Korea||Grand Order of Mugunghwa||8 October 2018|
|Finland||Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose with Collar||29 August 2018|
|Denmark||Knight of the Order of the Elephant||28 August 2018|
|Senegal||Grand Cross of the National Order of the Lion||2 February 2018|
|Tunisia||Grand Cordon of the Order of the Republic of Tunisia||31 January 2018|
|Greece||Grand Cross of the Order of the Redeemer||7 September 2017|
|United Kingdom||Commander of the Order of the British Empire||5 June 2014|
|Brazil||Grand Officer of the Order of the Southern Cross||9 December 2012|
- Sylvie Corbet and Elaine Ganley « French gov't reshuffle expels dissident ministers » , Associated Press, 26 August 2014
- Julien Licourt; Yohan Blavignat (30 August 2016). "EN DIRECT - Macron évite soigneusement d'évoquer sa candidature" (in French). Le Figaro.
- "Macron quits to clear way for French presidential bid". BBC. 30 August 2016.
- "Macron joins race to 'unblock France'". BBC News. 16 November 2016.
- "En direct, Emmanuel Macron élu président : « Je défendrai la France, ses intérêts vitaux, son image »". Le Monde. 7 May 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
- Serhan, Yasmeen (7 May 2017). "Emmanuel Macron Wins the French Presidency". The Atlantic. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
- Spencer, Mimosa; Jabkhiro, Juliette; Foroudi, Layli (2022-04-24). "France's Macron beats Le Pen to win second term". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-04-24.
- "Dans un livre, Anne Fulda raconte Macron côté intime" (in French). JDD à la Une. 21 April 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- Gorce, Bernard (10 April 2017). "La jeunesse très catholique des candidats à la présidentielle". La Croix. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
- 88 notes pour piano solo, Jean-Pierre Thiollet, Neva Éditions, 2015, p. 193. ISBN 978-2-35055-192-0
- "What Emmanuel Macron's home town says about him". The Economist. 4 May 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
- "Macron, militant PS depuis 2006, n'est plus à jour de cotisation depuis 5 ans". L'Obs (in French). Retrieved 10 December 2016.
- Corbet, Sylvie; Ganley, Elaine (26 August 2014). "French gov't reshuffle expels dissident ministers". Associated Press.
- "Emmanuel Macron n'est plus encarté au Parti socialiste". Le Figaro (in French). 28 August 2015.
- "Emmanuel Macron lance un " mouvement politique nouveau " baptisé " En marche ! "". Le Monde.fr (in French). 6 April 2016. ISSN 1950-6244. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
- "France's Macron joins presidential race to 'unblock France'". BBC News. 16 November 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
- "Juncker breaks tradition with support for Macron". EUobserver. 24 April 2017.
- "Obama wishes French presidential hopeful Macron good luck ahead of key vote". CNBC. 21 April 2017.
- C.Sa (8 May 2017). "Passation de pouvoir : François Hollande passera «le flambeau» à Macron dimanche 14 mai". Le Parisien. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
- "Le premier ministre Philippe prépare « un gouvernement rassembleur de compétences »". Le Monde. 15 May 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
- "French President Macron heads to Berlin for his first official foreign visit". CNN. 15 May 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
- "Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel pledge to draw up 'common road map' for Europe". The Telegraph. 15 May 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
- "Pranzo di Stato offerto dal Presidente della Repubblica Francese in onore del Presidente Mattarella".
- "BTS becomes the youngest to receive Order of Cultural Merit". koreatimes.co.kr. 9 October 2018.
- "Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunnan suurristin ketjuineen ulkomaalaiset saajat". ritarikunnat.fi (in Finnish). Archived from the original on 28 November 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
- "Modtagere af danske dekorationer". kongehuset.dk (in Danish). 12 December 2017. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- "En photos, les moments forts de la visite de Macron à Tunis". 1 February 2018.
- "France's Macron calls for efforts to tackle climate change - Metro News". Archived from the original on 7 September 2017. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- "Honorary awards" (PDF). 2014.
- "Decreto". 19 December 2012. Archived from the original on 5 January 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2022.