Marine Le Pen

French politician (born 1968)

Marine Le Pen (French pronunciation: ​[ma.ʁin lə.pɛn]; born Marion Anne Perrine Le Pen; 5 August 1968[1]) is a French politician. She was the leader of the National Front (FN) political party from 2011 until her resignation in 2017.[2] She is a lawyer. She is the youngest daughter of Jean-Marie Le Pen, who was leader of FN for many years. She is the aunt of Marion Maréchal-Le Pen.

Marine Le Pen

Marine Le Pen in 2022
Leader of the National Front
Assumed office
15 May 2017
Preceded bySteeve Briois (Interim)
In office
16 January 2011 – 24 April 2017
Preceded byJean-Marie Le Pen
Succeeded byJean-François Jalkh (Interim)
Member of the National Assembly
for Pas-de-Calais's 11th constituency
Assumed office
June 2017
Preceded byPhilippe Kemel
Member of the European Parliament
Assumed office
14 July 2009
ConstituencyNorth-West France
In office
20 July 2004 – 13 July 2009
Regional Councillor
Assumed office
26 March 2010
In office
28 March 2004 – 21 March 2010
In office
15 March 1998 – 28 March 2004
Municipal Councillor
In office
23 March 2008 – 24 February 2011
Chair of Europe of Nations and Freedom
Assumed office
15 June 2015
Serving with Marcel de Graaff
Preceded byPosition established
Personal details
Marion Anne Perrine Le Pen

(1968-08-05) 5 August 1968 (age 55)
Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France
Political partyNational Front (1986–present)
Other political
Spouse(s)Franck Chauffroy (div.)
Eric Lorio (div.)
Domestic partnerLouis Aliot (2009–present)
RelationsJean-Marie Le Pen (father) Marion Maréchal-Le Pen (niece)
ChildrenJehanne, Louis, Mathilde
Alma materPanthéon-Assas University

Le Pen unsuccessfully ran for President of France in the 2017 election, losing to Emmanuel Macron in the second round. She ran again in the 2022 election, advancing again to the second round against Macron and lost.

Biography change

Marine Le Pen and her family has been the target of an assassination attempt in 1976 when she was 8 years old. She has studied law at Panthéon-Assas University and has become a barrister. She joined the National Front in 1998 and rose to prominence, being elected in several positions such as Member of the European Parliament in 2004, to finally succeed to her father at the head of the party in 2011.

Since that, Le Pen has led a movement of "de-demonisation of the National Front" (in reference to her father's nickname "The Devil of the Republic") in order to detoxify it and soften its image. She is considered to be far more republican and democratic than her controversial and nationalist father. Her success is also based on a renovated political speech and a renewed team. She got the best FN score at the 2012 French presidential election and her party have progressed in next elections until shoving the traditional bipartisan between right and left wings in France.

She has been ranked among the most influential people in the 2011 and 2015 Time 100.

References change

  1. "Marine Le Pen". Retrieved 25 June 2020.
  2. "Marine Le Pen steps down as Front National leader". The Irish Times. April 24, 2017.