Curaçao

island country in the Caribbean, part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands

Curaçao is an island country in the Caribbean Sea. It is one of the ABC islands and is just a short distance north of the Venezuelan Paraguaná Peninsula, and it forms a part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Willemstad is the capital of Curaçao.

Curaçao

Kòrsou
Country of Curaçao
Land Curaçao  (Dutch)
Pais Kòrsou  (Papiamento)
Anthem: "Himno di Kòrsou"
(English: "Anthem of Curaçao")
Location of Curaçao
Location of Curaçao (circled in red)
StateKingdom of the Netherlands
Before separationNetherlands Antilles
Country status10 October 2010
Capital
and largest city
Willemstad
12°7′N 68°56′W / 12.117°N 68.933°W / 12.117; -68.933
Official languages
Ethnic groups
(2018)
75.4% Curaçao
9% Dutch
3.6% Dominican
3% Colombian
1.2% Haitian
1.2% Surinamese
1.1% Venezuelan
1.1% Aruban
0.9% unspecified
6% other[2]
Demonym(s)Dutch
GovernmentParliamentary representative democracy within a constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Willem-Alexander
• Governor
Lucille George-Wout
Eugene Rhuggenaath
LegislatureEstates of Curaçao
Area
• Total
444[3] km2 (171 sq mi)
Highest elevation
375 m (1,230 ft)
Population
• 1 January 2019 estimate
163,424[3] (190th)
• Density
358/km2 (927.2/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2012[4] estimate
• Total
US$4.2 billion (184th)
• Per capita
$25,771 (46th)
GDP (nominal)2019[5] estimate
• Total
US$3.2 billion (149th)
• Per capita
$19,414 (27th)
HDI (2012)0.811[6]
very high
CurrencyNetherlands Antillean guilder (ANG)
Time zoneUTC-4:00 (AST)
Mains electricity127 V–50 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+5999
ISO 3166 code
Internet TLD.cw

PeopleEdit

The largest ethnic group belongs to the Afro-Caribbean group with about 85% of the entire population (also includes mulattos). The remaining 15-20% are people of mainly European (mainly Dutch) descent, but there is also Asians, Arabs, and others.

LanguagesEdit

Papiamentu, Dutch, and English are the three official languages of Curaçao. Papiamentu is by far the most spoken language while sizable minorities speak the other two official languages.

ClimateEdit

Curaçao has a tropical climate. The temperatures are usually constant. The trade winds bring cool breeze during the day and the same trade winds bring warmth during the night. The coolest month is January with an average of 26°C in temperature and the warmest month is September with an average temperature of 28.9 °C (84 °F). The year's average maximum temperature is 31°C. The year's average minimum temperature is about 25°C.

The island broke off from the Netherlands Antilles in 2010. It has a very long history set all the way back to the 1800s.

ReferencesEdit

  1. *"LANDSVERORDENING van de 28ste maart 2007 houdende vaststelling van de officiële talen (Landsverordening officiële talen)" (in Dutch). Government of the Netherlands. 10 October 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
  2. "The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Waaruit bestaat het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden? - Rijksoverheid.nl". 19 May 2015.
  4. "Country Report Curaçao". Rabobank. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
  5. COUNTRY COMPARISON GDP PURCHASING POWER PARITY, Central Intelligence Agency.
  6. "Human Development Index (HDI): Korte Notitie inzake de berekening van de voorlopige Human Development Index (HDI) voor Curaçao" (PDF). Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 July 2015. Retrieved 13 July 2015.