Burundi (officially called the Republic of Burundi) is a small country in Africa. The capital of Burundi is Gitega. The official languages of Burundi are Kirundi French and English. There are about eight and a half million people in Burundi. Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world.
Republic of Burundi
Anthem: Burundi Bwacu (Kirundi)
|Official languages||Kirundi (national and official)|
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic|
• Independence from Belgium
|1 July 1962|
|28 November 1966|
|28 February 2005|
|27,834 km2 (10,747 sq mi) (142nd)|
• Water (%)
• 2020 estimate
• 2008 census
|401.6/km2 (1,040.1/sq mi) (20th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2018)|| 0.423|
low · 185th
|Currency||Burundian franc (FBu) (BIF)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (CAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||BI|
Provinces, communes and collinesEdit
Burundi is divided into 18 provinces, 117 communes, and 2,638 collines (hills). Provincial governments are based on these boundaries. In 2000, the province encompassing Bujumbura was separated into two provinces, Bujumbura Rural and Bunjumbura Mairie.
The provinces are:
These are the largest cities in Burundi:
One of the smallest countries in Africa, Burundi is landlocked. It is bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. It has an equatorial climate. Burundi is a part of the Albertine Rift, the western extension of the East African Rift.
The country lies on a rolling plateau in the center of Africa. The average elevation of the central plateau is 5,600 feet (1,707 m), with lower elevations at the borders. The highest peak, Mount Heha at 8,810 feet (2,685 m), is southeast of Bujumbura. The source of the Nile River is in Burundi province. It is linked from Lake Victoria to its headwaters by the Ruvyironza River. Lake Victoria is also an important water source. It serves as a fork to the Kagera River. Another major lake is Lake Tanganyika in Burundi's southwestern corner.
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- While Gitega has been established as the political capital, Bujumbura is still the seat of the government and economic capital.