Andorra (// (listen)), officially the Principality of Andorra, is a landlocked sovereign country located in the eastern Pyrenees Mountains of Southern Europe and bordered by Spain and France. There are about 84,000 people living in the country. The capital is Andorra la Vella. It is ruled by a Spanish Bishop and the French President. Andorra's government is a parliamentary democracy.
Principality of Andorra
|Motto: Virtus Unita Fortior|
"United virtue is stronger"
|Anthem: El Gran Carlemany (Catalan)|
"The Great Charlemagne"
and largest city
|Andorra la Vella|
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary parliamentary semi-elective diarchy|
|Xavier Espot Zamora|
|Roser Suñé Pascuet|
• from Aragon
|8 September 1278|
• from the French Empire
|2 February 1993|
|467.63 km2 (180.55 sq mi) (178th)|
• Water (%)
|0.26 (121.4 ha)c|
• 2020 estimate
|179.8/km2 (465.7/sq mi) (71st)|
|GDP (nominal)||2018 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2019)|| 0.868|
very high · 36th
|Currency||Euro (€)e (EUR)|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (CET)|
• Summer (DST)
|ISO 3166 code||AD|
|The Simple English Wiktionary has a definition for: Andorra.|
Andorra is a rich country mostly because of tourism. There are about 10.2 million visitors each year.
The official language is Catalan, although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also used.
Before 1095, Andorra did not have any type of military protection. The Lord of Caboet and the Bishop of Urgell decided to rule Andorra together. In 1607 Henry IV of France said the head of the French state and the Bishop of Urgell would be co-princes of Andorra.
Andorra doesn't have an Army. France and Spain help to defend Andorra. The country has a police force of 295.
Andorra has seven parishes:
The largest cities in Andorra are:
|1||Andorra la Vella||19,319|
|4||Sant Julià de Lòria||7,518|
|8||El Pas de la Casa||2,613|
For other locations in Andorra, see List of cities in Andorra.
Children between the ages of 6 and 16 must have full-time education. Education up to secondary level is paid by the government.
The University of Andorra (UdA) is the state public university. It is the only university in Andorra.
A satellite image of Andorra
- "Constitution of the Principality of Andorra" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 May 2019.
- "Andorran Symbols". WorldAtlas. 29 March 2021.
- Religion and Contemporary Politics: A Global Encyclopedia [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. 2019. ISBN 9781440839337.
- Temperman, Jeroen (2010). State–Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law: Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance. BRILL. ISBN 9789004181496.
... guarantees the Roman Catholic Church free and public exercise of its activities and the preservation of the relations of special co-operation with the state in accordance with the Andorran tradition. The Constitution recognizes the full legal capacity of the bodies of the Roman Catholic Church which have legal status in accordance with their own rules.
- "Història d'Andorra". Cultura.ad (in Catalan). Retrieved 26 March 2019.
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- "Population on 31 December". Retrieved 1 April 2020.
- Data in GDP from the World Bank
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- Estadistica.ad Archived 2018-04-02 at the Wayback Machine, Departament d'Estadística, Govern d'Andorra. (in Catalan)
- "Europe :: Andorra — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Archived from the original on 2010-07-10. Retrieved 2012-04-22.
- "CIA – The World Fact Book – Andorra". Archived from the original on 2010-07-10. Retrieved 2012-04-22.