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Andorra

European microstate between France and Spain

Andorra (/ænˈdɒrə/ (About this soundlisten)), officially the Principality of Andorra, is a landlocked sovereign country located in the eastern Pyrenees Mountains of Southern Europe and bordered by Spain and France.[3] There are about 84,000 people living in the country. The capital is Andorra la Vella. It is ruled by a Spanish Bishop and the French President. Andorra's government is a parliamentary democracy.

Principality of Andorra

Principat d'Andorra  (Catalan)a
Motto: Virtus Unita Fortior
United virtue is stronger[source?]
Anthem: El Gran Carlemany  (Catalan)
The Great Charlemagne
Location of  Andorra  (center of green circle) on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Andorra  (center of green circle)

on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Andorra la Vella
42°30′N 1°31′E / 42.500°N 1.517°E / 42.500; 1.517Coordinates: 42°30′N 1°31′E / 42.500°N 1.517°E / 42.500; 1.517
Official languagesCatalanb
Ethnic groups
(2012)
49% Andorran
24.6% Spanish
14.3% Portuguese
3.9% French
8.2% others
Demonym(s)Andorran
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary semi-elective diarchy
Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Emmanuel Macron
Josep Maria Mauri
Patrick Strzoda
Antoni Martí
LegislatureGeneral Council
Independence
• from Aragon
1278
• from the French Empire
1814
1993
Area
• Total
467.63 km2 (180.55 sq mi) (179th)
• Water (%)
0.26 (121.4 ha)c
Population
• 2016 estimate
77,281[1]
• Density
179.8/km2 (465.7/sq mi) (71st)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$3.249 billion (162nd)
• Per capita
$36,987 (26th)
Gini (2003)27.21d
low
HDI (2016)Increase 0.858[2]
very high · 32nd
CurrencyEuroe (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+376
ISO 3166 codeAD
Internet TLD.adf
  1. Constitution of Andorra. In Spanish and Portuguese: Principado de Andorra, in French: Principauté d'Andorre.
  2. Spanish, Portuguese and French are also each natively spoken by a significant minority
  3. (French) Girard P & Gomez P (2009), Lacs des Pyrénées: Andorre. "Andorra en xifres 2007: Situació geogràfica, Departament d'Estadística, Govern d'Andorra" (PDF). Retrieved 26 August 2012.
  4. "Informe sobre l'estat de la pobresa i la desigualtat al Principal d'Andorra (2003)" (PDF). Estadistica.ad. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  5. Before 1999, the French franc and Spanish peseta; the coins and notes of both currencies, however, remained legal tender until 2002. Small amounts of Andorran diners (divided into 100 centim) were minted after 1982.
  6. Also .cat, shared with Catalan-speaking territories.

Andorra is a rich country mostly because of tourism. There are about 10.2 million visitors each year.[4]

The official language is Catalan, although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also used.

It is not a member of the European Union. The euro is the money used.

HistoryEdit

It is said that Charles the Great (Charlemagne) gave the Andorran people their country in return for fighting against the Moors.

Before 1095, Andorra did not have any type of military protection. The Lord of Caboet and the Bishop of Urgell decided to rule Andorra together. In 1607 Henry IV of France said the head of the French state and the Bishop of Urgell would be co-princes of Andorra.

Andorra declared war on Imperial Germany during World War I. It did not do any fighting. They stayed against Germany until 1957 because they were not in the Treaty of Versailles.

Andorra doesn't have an Army.[5] France and Spain help to defend Andorra. The country has a police force of 295.

ParishesEdit

GeographyEdit

Andorra is in the Pyrenees mountain range. The highest mountain is Coma Pedrosa.

CitiesEdit

The largest cities in Andorra are:

Ranking Name Population
1 Andorra la Vella 19,319
2 Escaldes-Engordany 14,395
3 Encamp 8,470
4 Sant Julià de Lòria 7,518
5 La Massana 4,987
6 Santa Coloma 2,937
7 Ordino 2,780
8 El Pas de la Casa 2,613
9 Canillo 2,025
10 Arinsal 1,555

For other locations in Andorra, see List of cities in Andorra.

ReligionEdit

The population of Andorra is mostly (90%) Roman Catholic.[6] Their patron saint is Our Lady of Meritxell.

EducationEdit

Children between the ages of 6 and 16 must have full-time education. Education up to secondary level is paid by the government.

The University of Andorra (UdA) is the state public university. It is the only university in Andorra.

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  2. "HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2016 – Statistical annex". United Nations. 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
  3. "Andorra". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  4. Estadistica.ad, Departament d'Estadística, Govern d'Andorra. (Catalan)
  5. "Europe :: Andorra — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.
  6. "CIA – The World Fact Book – Andorra".

Other websitesEdit