Andorra (/ænˈdɒrə/ (listen)), officially the Principality of Andorra, is a landlocked sovereign country located in the eastern Pyrenees Mountains of Southern Europe and bordered by Spain and France. There are about 84,000 people living in the country. The capital is Andorra la Vella. It is ruled by a Spanish Bishop and the French President. Andorra's government is a parliamentary democracy.
Principality of Andorra
|Motto: Virtus Unita Fortior|
"United virtue is stronger"
|Anthem: El Gran Carlemany (Catalan)|
"The Great Charlemagne"
and largest city
|Andorra la Vella|
42°30′N 1°31′E / 42.500°N 1.517°ECoordinates: 42°30′N 1°31′E / 42.500°N 1.517°E
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary parliamentary semi-elective diarchy|
|Xavier Espot Zamora|
|Roser Suñé Pascuet|
• from Aragon
|8 September 1278|
• from the French Empire
|2 February 1993|
|467.63 km2 (180.55 sq mi) (178th)|
• Water (%)
|0.26 (121.4 ha)c|
• 2020 estimate
|179.8/km2 (465.7/sq mi) (71st)|
|GDP (nominal)||2018 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2019)|| 0.868|
very high · 36th
|Currency||Euro (€)e (EUR)|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (CET)|
• Summer (DST)
|ISO 3166 code||AD|
Andorra is a rich country mostly because of tourism. There are about 10.2 million visitors each year.
The official language is Catalan, although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also used.
It is not a member of the European Union. The euro is the money used.
It is said that Charles the Great (Charlemagne) gave the Andorran people their country in return for fighting against the Moors.
Before 1095, Andorra did not have any type of military protection. The Lord of Caboet and the Bishop of Urgell decided to rule Andorra together. In 1607 Henry IV of France said the head of the French state and the Bishop of Urgell would be co-princes of Andorra.
Andorra declared war on Imperial Germany during World War I. It did not do any fighting. They stayed against Germany until 1957 because they were not in the Treaty of Versailles.
Andorra doesn't have an Army. France and Spain help to defend Andorra. The country has a police force of 295.
Andorra has seven parishes:
Andorra is in the Pyrenees mountain range. The highest mountain is Coma Pedrosa.
The largest cities in Andorra are:
|1||Andorra la Vella||19,319|
|4||Sant Julià de Lòria||7,518|
|8||El Pas de la Casa||2,613|
For other locations in Andorra, see List of cities in Andorra.
The population of Andorra is mostly (90%) Roman Catholic. Their patron saint is Our Lady of Meritxell.
Children between the ages of 6 and 16 must have full-time education. Education up to secondary level is paid by the government.
The University of Andorra (UdA) is the state public university. It is the only university in Andorra.
A satellite image of Andorra
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Constitution of the Principality of Andorra" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 May 2019.
- ↑ "Andorran Symbols". WorldAtlas. 29 March 2021.
- ↑ Religion and Contemporary Politics: A Global Encyclopedia [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. 2019. ISBN 9781440839337.
- ↑ Temperman, Jeroen (2010). State–Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law: Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance. BRILL. ISBN 9789004181496.
... guarantees the Roman Catholic Church free and public exercise of its activities and the preservation of the relations of special co-operation with the state in accordance with the Andorran tradition. The Constitution recognizes the full legal capacity of the bodies of the Roman Catholic Church which have legal status in accordance with their own rules.
- ↑ "Història d'Andorra". Cultura.ad (in Catalan). Retrieved 26 March 2019.
- ↑ "Andorra". Enciclopèdia.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved 26 March 2019.
- ↑ "Population on 31 December". Retrieved 1 April 2020.
- ↑ Data in GDP from the World Bank
- ↑ Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 343–346. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- ↑ "What side of the road do they drive on in Andorra". Retrieved 19 March 2019.[permanent dead link]
- ↑ "Andorra en xifres 2007: Situació geogràfica, Departament d'Estadística, Govern d'Andorra" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2009. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
- ↑ "Informe sobre l'estat de la pobresa i la desigualtat al Principal d'Andorra (2003)" (PDF). Estadistica.ad. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
- ↑ "Andorra". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Archived from the original on July 10, 2010. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
- ↑ Estadistica.ad Archived 2018-04-02 at the Wayback Machine, Departament d'Estadística, Govern d'Andorra. (in Catalan)
- ↑ "Europe :: Andorra — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Archived from the original on 2010-07-10. Retrieved 2012-04-22.
- ↑ "CIA – The World Fact Book – Andorra". Archived from the original on 2010-07-10. Retrieved 2012-04-22.