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President of the French Republic

head of state of France

The President of the French Republic is the head of state of France. The current President is Emmanuel Macron since 14 May 2017 defeating Marine Le Pen in the second round of the presidential election on 7 May 2017.

President of the French Republic
Président de la République française
Emmanuel Macron in 2019.jpg
Incumbent
Emmanuel Macron

since 14 May 2017
Executive branch in French Politics
Style
StatusHead of State
Member of
ResidenceÉlysée Palace
SeatParis, France
NominatorAt least 500 elected officials
AppointerDirect popular vote (two rounds if necessary)
Term lengthFive years, renewable once consecutively
Constituting instrumentFifth Republic Constitution
Inaugural holder
Formation
Salary179,000 annually [2]
Websitewww.elysee.fr (in French)

List of French Presidents (Fifth Republic)Edit

Portrait Name[a]
(birth–death)
Term of office and election Political party Ref.
Previous office
18   Charles de Gaulle
GCLH GCM CL Cg (1914) Cg (1939) CC MIV Mcg
(1890–1970)
8 January 1959 28 April 1969 1958 Union for the New Republic
(1959–1967)
[3]
1965 Union of Democrats for the Republic
(1967–1969)
President of the Council of Ministers
(1 June 1958 – 8 January 1959)
The President of the Senate Alain Poher deputised during the interim (28 April 1969 – 20 June 1969). [4]
19   Georges Pompidou
GCLH GCM Cg (1939)
(1911–1974)
20 June 1969 2 April 1974 [†] 1969 Union of Democrats for the Republic [5]
Prime Minister of France
(14 April 1962 – 10 July 1968)
The President of the Senate Alain Poher deputised during the interim (2 April 1974 – 27 May 1974). [4]
20   Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
GCLH GCM Cg (1939) Académie
(born 1926)
27 May 1974 21 May 1981 1974 National Federation of the Independent Republicans
(1974–1977)
Union for French Democracy
(1978–1981)
[6]
Minister of the Economy and Finance
(20 June 1969 – 27 May 1974)
21   François Mitterrand
GCLH GCM OF MR Cg (1939)
(1916–1996)
21 May 1981 17 May 1995 1981 Socialist Party [7]
1988
Member of the National Assembly for Nièvre
(6 December 1962 – 21 May 1981)
22   Jacques Chirac
GCLH GCM CVM COMA COAL MA Algérie COEN
(1932–2019)
17 May 1995 16 May 2007 1995 Rally for the Republic
(1995–2002)
[8]
2002 Union for a Popular Movement
(2002–2007)
Mayor of Paris
(25 March 1977 – 16 May 1995)
23   Nicolas Sarkozy
GCLH GCM
(born 1955)
16 May 2007 15 May 2012 2007 Union for a Popular Movement [9]
Minister of the Interior
(2 June 2005 – 26 March 2007)
24   François Hollande
GCLH GCM
(born 1954)
15 May 2012 14 May 2017 2012 Socialist Party [10]
President of the General Council of Corrèze
(20 March 2008 – 11 May 2012)
25   Emmanuel Macron
GCLH GCM
(born 1977)
14 May 2017 Incumbent 2017 La République En Marche! [10]
Minister of the Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs
(26 August 2014 – 30 August 2016)

Living former Presidents of FranceEdit

There are three living former French presidents:

Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
(age 93)
(1974–1981)  
Nicolas Sarkozy
(age 64)
(2007–2012)  
François Hollande
(age 65)
(2012–2017)  

NotesEdit

  1. Including French honorifics.

ReferencesEdit

  1. United Nations Heads of State Protocol and Liaison Service Heads of Government - Public List Ministers For Foreign Affairs
  2. Président de la République : 14 910 € bruts par mois, Le Journal Du Net
  3. "Charles de Gaulle (1890–1970)" (in French). Official website of the French Presidency. Archived from the original on 1 April 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Alain Poher (1909–1996)" (in French). Official website of the French Presidency. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
  5. "Georges Pompidou (1911–1974)" (in French). Official website of the French Presidency. Archived from the original on 1 April 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
  6. "Valéry Giscard d'Estaing (1926)" (in French). Official website of the French Presidency. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
  7. "François Mitterrand (1916–1996)" (in French). Official website of the French Presidency. Archived from the original on 1 April 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
  8. "Jacques Chirac (1932)" (in French). Official website of the French Presidency. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
  9. "Nicolas Sarkozy (1955)" (in French). Official website of the French Presidency. Archived from the original on 18 May 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Biographie officielle de François Hollande" [Official biography of François Hollande] (in French). Official website of the French Presidency. Archived from the original on 18 May 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2012.

Other websitesEdit