French Fifth Republic

fifth and current republican constitution of France since 1958

The Fifth Republic (French: Cinquième République), France's current republican system of government, was created by Charles de Gaulle under the Constitution of the Fifth Republic on 4 October 1958.[1]

French Republic
République française
Motto: "Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité" (French)
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
Location of  metropolitan France  (dark green) – on the European continent  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)
Location of  metropolitan France  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Capital
and largest city
Paris
48°51.4′N 2°21.05′E / 48.8567°N 2.35083°E / 48.8567; 2.35083
Official language
and national language
French[upper-roman 1]
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
• President
Emmanuel Macron
Élisabeth Borne
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Establishment
4 October 1958 (63 years)
Currency
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Calling code+33[upper-roman 2]
ISO 3166 codeFR
Internet TLD.fr[upper-roman 3]

The Fifth Republic was created after the collapse of the Fourth Republic, replacing the former parliamentary republic with a semi-presidential (or dual-executive) system[2] that split powers between a prime minister as head of government and a president as head of state.[3]

NotesEdit

  1. For information about regional languages see Languages of France.
  2. The overseas regions and collectivities form part of the French telephone numbering plan, but have their own country calling codes: Guadeloupe +590; Martinique +596; French Guiana +594, Réunion and Mayotte +262; Saint Pierre and Miquelon +508. The overseas territories are not part of the French telephone numbering plan; their country calling codes are: New Caledonia +687, French Polynesia +689; Wallis and Futuna +681.
  3. In addition to .fr, several other Internet TLDs are used in French overseas départements and territories: .re, .mq, .gp, .tf, .nc, .pf, .wf, .pm, .gf and .yt. France also uses .eu, shared with other members of the European Union. The .cat domain is used in Catalan-speaking territories.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Important dérogation transitoire aux dispositions de l'article 90 de la Constitution" (in French). LegiFrance..
  2. Lessig, Lawrence (1993). "The Path of the Presidency". East European Constitutional Review. Fall 1993 / Winter 1994 (2/3): 104 – via Chicago Unbound, University of Chicago Law School.
  3. Richburg, Keith B. (25 September 2000). "French President's Term Cut to Five Years". The Washington Post. Retrieved 25 February 2017.