Jacques Chirac

French statesman and official

Jacques René Chirac (29 November 1932 – 26 September 2019) was a French politician who served as President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 1995 to 2007. He was re-elected in 2002. Before that, he was Prime Minister of France twice, and Mayor of Paris from 1977 to 1995.

Jacques Chirac
Jacques Chirac in 1997
Chirac in 1997
President of France
In office
17 May 1995 – 16 May 2007
Prime Minister
Preceded byFrançois Mitterrand
Succeeded byNicolas Sarkozy
Prime Minister of France
In office
20 March 1986 – 10 May 1988
PresidentFrançois Mitterrand
Preceded byLaurent Fabius
Succeeded byMichel Rocard
In office
27 May 1974 – 26 August 1976
PresidentValéry Giscard d'Estaing
Preceded byPierre Messmer
Succeeded byRaymond Barre
Mayor of Paris
In office
20 March 1977 – 16 May 1995
Preceded byOffice recreated
Succeeded byJean Tiberi
President of Rally for the Republic
In office
5 December 1976 – 4 November 1994
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byAlain Juppé
Minister of the Interior
In office
27 February 1974 – 28 May 1974
Prime MinisterPierre Messmer
Preceded byRaymond Marcellin
Succeeded byMichel Poniatowski
Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development
In office
7 July 1972 – 27 February 1974
Prime MinisterPierre Messmer
Preceded byMichel Cointat
Succeeded byRaymond Marcellin
Minister for Parliamentary Relations
In office
7 January 1971 – 5 July 1972
Prime MinisterJacques Chaban-Delmas
Preceded byRoger Frey
Succeeded byRobert Boulin
President of the Corrèze General Council
In office
15 March 1970 – 25 March 1979
Preceded byÉlie Rouby
Succeeded byGeorges Debat
Personal details
Born
Jacques René Chirac

(1932-11-29)29 November 1932
Paris, French Third Republic
Died26 September 2019(2019-09-26) (aged 86)
Paris, France
Resting placeMontparnasse Cemetery, Paris
Political party
Spouse(s)
Children3 (including Claude Chirac and Anh Dao Traxel)
Alma mater
Awards
Signature
Military service
Branch/service French Army
Years of service1954–1957
RankSecond lieutenant

Assassination attemptEdit

On 14 July 2002, during Bastille Day celebrations, a man tried to shoot Chirac.[1] A lone gunman with a rifle hidden in a guitar case,[1] the would-be assassin fired a shot toward the presidential motorcade. He was then overpowered by bystanders.[1] The gunman, Maxime Brunerie, had psychiatric testing.

After PresidencyEdit

On 15 December 2011, Chirac was found guilty for corruption.[2] He was allowed to serve his 2-year sentence without prison time.[3]

As a former president, Chirac had a lifetime pension. He was a member for life of France's Constitutional Council.[4]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1956, he married Bernadette Chodron de Courcel. They had two daughters: Laurence (1958–2016)[5] and Claude (born 1962). Claude is a public relations assistant and personal adviser.[6] Laurence, who had anorexia nervosa in her youth, did not participate in the political activities of her father.[7]

HealthEdit

In 2005, Chirac suffered a stroke. He had been suffering from memory loss and was in ill health. On 10 December 2015, Chirac was hospitalized in Paris for undisclosed reasons, and although his state of health did not "give any cause for concern", he would remain under the intensive care unit.[8]

DeathEdit

Chirac died at his home in Paris on 26 September 2019 at the age of 86.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Chirac escapes lone gunman's bullet". BBC News. BBC. 15 July 2002. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  2. Erlanger, Steven (15 December 2011). "Chirac Found Guilty in Political Funding Case". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
  3. "Jacques Chirac found guilty of corruption". The Guardian. Paris. Associated Press. 15 December 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  4. "Chirac found guilty on corruption charges". Articles.cnn.com. CNN. 15 December 2011. Archived from the original on 16 December 2011.
  5. "The troubled daughter of a French President, hidden away for decades, has died". The Independent. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
  6. "Letter from Paris – John Laurenson on Claude Chirac's crucial but understated electoral role". BBC World Service. BBC News. 21 March 2002. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  7. Randall, Colin (12 July 2004). "Chirac's wife tells of anorexic daughter's death wish". The Telegraph. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  8. Hume, Tim (10 December 2015). "Former French President Jacques Chirac Hospitalized". CNN.com. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  9. Clarity, James F.; Tagliabue, John (26 September 2019). "Jacques Chirac, French President Who Championed European Identity, Is Dead at 86". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 September 2019.

Other websitesEdit