The Catalan language is a Romance language spoken in Catalonia, Valencian Community, the eastern part of Aragon, the Balearic Islands, a small zone of Murcia (all of them in Spain), Andorra, North Catalonia (in France) and the Italian city of L'Alguer. Together, those places are often called the Catalan Countries.
|Native to||Spain, Andorra, France, Italy|
|4.1 million (2012)|
Total number of speakers: More than 10 million (L1 plus L2; 2018)
Catalan (regulated by the IEC)
|Latin (Catalan alphabet)|
Official language in
|Regulated by||Institut d'Estudis Catalans|
Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua
Territories where Catalan is spoken and is official Territories where Catalan is spoken but is not official Territories where Catalan is not historically spoken but is official
The language that most similar is Occitan. Catalan also has similarities to other Romance languages, such as Spanish, Italian, French and Portuguese. It came from Vulgar Latin and was first spoken in the in the Eastern Pyrenees in the Middle Ages.
There are about 4 million people who speak Catalan as a first language and about 6 million people as a second language. Catalan is the sixth-most-spoken Romance language and also the most-spoken language that is not an official language in the European Union.
- "Catalan". Ethnologue. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
- "InformeCAT 50 dades sobre la llengua catalana" (PDF) (in Catalan). 7 June 2018. Report on the Catalan language by Plataforma per la Llengua based on recent reference sociolinguistic surveys
- Some Iberian scholars may alternatively classify Catalan as Iberian Romance/East Iberian.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Catalan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Minder, Raphael (21 November 2016). "Italy's Last Bastion of Catalan Language Struggles to Keep It Alive". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
- Wheeler 2010, p. 191.
- Wheeler 2010, p. 190–191.
- Costa Carreras & Yates 2009, pp. 6–7.