Open main menu

Occitan language

Romance language

Occitan (English: /ˈɒksɪˌtæn/;[8] French pronunciation: ​[ɔk.si'tɑ̃]; Occitan: [utsiˈta]),[9] known also as lenga d'òc by its native speakers (Occitan: [ˈleŋɡɔ ˈðɔ(k)]; French: langue d'oc), is a Romance language spoken in the south of France, the Occitan Valleys of Italy, the Val d'Aran of Catalonia and Monaco. The regions together are sometimes known unofficially as Occitania.

Occitan
occitan, lenga d'òc, provençal
Native toFrance, Spain, Italy, Monaco
Native speakers
estimates range from 100,000 to 800,000 (2007–2012)[1][2]
Early form
Dialects
Official status
Official language in
Catalonia (Spain)
Recognised minority
language in
France
Italy (Law number 482 of 15 December 1999) [3]
Regulated byConselh de la Lenga Occitana;[4] Congrès Permanent de la Lenga Occitana;[5] Institut d'Estudis Aranesi[6]
Language codes
ISO 639-1oc
ISO 639-2oci
ISO 639-3ociinclusive code
Individual code:
sdt – (Judeo-Occitan)
Glottologocci1239[7]
Linguasphere51-AAA-g & 51-AAA-f
Occitania blanck map.PNG
Idioma occitano dialectos.png
various dialects of Occitan
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Occitan took a different path Latin from all the above countris' official languages. It is sometimes called lenga d'òc ("language of oc", French: langue d'oc) because its word for yes is òc, as opposed to oil (oui) or in other languages. That is one way to classify Romance languages.

DialectsEdit

  • Alpine (also named Vivaro-Alpine or Provençal Alpine)
  • Auvergnat
  • Gascon (including Aranese spoken in Val d'Aran, Catalonia, Spain)
  • Languedocien
  • Limousin
  • Provençal

Some of the names (Provençal, Limousin, Gascon) were once used to name the whole language.

SourcesEdit

  1. Fabrice BERNISSAN (2012). "Combien l'occitan compte de locuteurs en 2012 ?", Revue de Linguistique Romane, 76 (12/2011-07/2012), pp. 467-512
  2. « De fait, le nombre des locuteurs de l’occitan a pu être estimé par l’INED dans un premier temps à 526 000 personnes, puis à 789 000, » ("In fact, the number of occitan speakers was estimated by the French Demographics Institute at 526,000 people, then 789,000") Philippe Martel, "Qui parle occitan ?" in Langues et cité n°10, December 2007.
  3. Norme in materia di tutela delle minoranze linguistiche storiche, Italian parliament
  4. CLO's statements in Lingüistica Occitana (online review of Occitan linguistics).[permanent dead link]
  5. "Page d'accueil". Région Nouvelle-Aquitaine - Aquitaine Limousin Poitou-Charentes.
  6. "Reconeishença der Institut d'Estudis Aranesi coma academia e autoritat lingüistica der occitan, aranés en Aran - Conselh Generau d'Aran". www.conselharan.org.
  7. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Occitan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  8. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary, 7th edition, 2005.
  9. Regional pronunciations: occitan = [u(t)siˈtaⁿ, u(t)siˈtɔ, ukʃiˈtɔ].

Other websitesEdit