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Guyana

country in South America

The Co-operative Republic of Guyana is a country in South America. It is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world (seven hundred thousand people live there inside its over 200,000 km² of area). Georgetown is the capital; like most of the country's settlements, it is on a flat coastal plain that goes from northwest to southeast. Venezuela claims the land west of the Essequibo River as part of Guayana Esequiba.

Co-operative Republic of Guyana[1]
Flag of Guyana
Flag
Coat of arms of Guyana
Coat of arms
Motto: "One People, One Nation, One Destiny"
Location of Guyana
Capital
and largest city
Georgetown
Official languages English
Recognised regional languages Portuguese, Hindi, Spanish, Akawaio, Macushi, Wai Wai, Arawak, Patamona, Warrau, Carib, Wapishiana, Arekuna
National language Guyanese Creole
Ethnic groups East Indian 43.5%
Black (African) 30.2%
Mixed 16.7%
Amerindian 9.1%
Other 0.5%[2][3]
Demonym Guyanese
Government Unitary Semi-presidential republic
David Granger
Moses Nagamootoo
Independence
• from the United Kingdom
26 May 1966
• Republic
23 February 1970
Area
• Total
214,970 km2 (83,000 sq mi) (84th)
• Water (%)
8.4
Population
• July 2010 estimate
752,940[2]1 (161st)
• 2002 census
751,223[3]
• Density
3.502/km2 (9.1/sq mi) (225th)
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
• Total
$5.379 billion[4]
• Per capita
$6,964[4]
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
• Total
$2.215 billion[4]
• Per capita
$2,868[4]
HDI (2010) Increase 0.611[5]
medium · 107th
Currency Guyanese dollar (GYD)
Time zone GYT Guyana Time (UTC-4)
Drives on the left
Calling code 592
ISO 3166 code GY
Internet TLD .gy
  1. Around one-third of the people (230,000) live in the capital, Georgetown.

Guyana's current president is Bharrat Jagdeo. The country gained independence from the United Kingdom on May 26, 1966 (before which it was called British Guiana).

Guyana is member of the Commonwealth of Nations. It is ranked first in suicides per capita worldwide.[6][7]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Parliament of the Co-operative Republic of Guyana". Parliament.gov.gy. 2012-02-16. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "The World Factbook: Guyana". CIA. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Guyana 2002 Census Bureau of Statistics – Guyana. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Guyana". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  5. "Human Development Report 2010" (PDF). United Nations. 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010. 
  6. "Preventing suicide: A global imperative" (PDF). World Health Organization. 2014. p. 83. 
  7. "Why Does Guyana Have The Highest Suicide Rate In The World?". Retrieved 2015-08-27. 

Other websitesEdit