country in South America
(Redirected from British Guiana)

The Co-operative Republic of Guyana (formerly British Guiana) is a country in South America. It is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world (700,000 people live there inside its over 200,000 km² of area). Georgetown is the capital; like most of the country's settlements, it is on a flat coastal plain that goes from northwest to southeast. Venezuela claims the land west of the Essequibo River as part of Guayana Esequiba.

Co-operative Republic of Guyana[1]
Coat of arms of Guyana
Coat of arms
Motto: "One People, One Nation, One Destiny"
Anthem: "Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains"
Location of Guyana
and largest city
6°46′N 58°10′W / 6.767°N 58.167°W / 6.767; -58.167
Official languagesEnglish
Recognised regional languagesPortuguese, Hindi, Spanish, Akawaio, Macushi, Wai Wai, Arawak, Patamona, Warrau, Carib, Wapishiana, Arekuna
National languageGuyanese Creole
Ethnic groups
East Indian 43.5%
Black (African) 30.2%
Mixed 16.7%
Amerindian 9.1%
Other 0.5%[2][3]
GovernmentUnitary Semi-presidential republic
• President
Mohamed Irfaan Ali
Mark Phillips
• from the United Kingdom
26 May 1966
• Republic
23 February 1970
• Total
214,970 km2 (83,000 sq mi) (84th)
• Water (%)
• July 2010 estimate
752,940[2]1 (161st)
• 2002 census
• Density
3.502/km2 (9.1/sq mi) (225th)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$5.379 billion[4]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$2.215 billion[4]
• Per capita
HDI (2010)Increase 0.611[5]
medium · 107th
CurrencyGuyanese dollar (GYD)
Time zoneUTC-4 (GYT Guyana Time)
Driving sideleft
Calling code592
ISO 3166 codeGY
  1. Around one-third of the people (230,000) live in the capital, Georgetown.

Guyana's current president is Irfaan Ali. The country gained independence from the United Kingdom on May 26, 1966 (before which it was called British Guiana). The republic is called cooperative for integrating different ethnic groups into government, introduced after the socialist government PNC won a majority in1968. The term "cooperative republic" however dates back from 1961.

Guyana is member of the Commonwealth of Nations and the Caribbean Community. It is ranked first in suicides per capita worldwide.[6][7]

Related pages change

References change

  1. "Parliament of the Co-operative Republic of Guyana". 2012-02-16. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "The World Factbook: Guyana". CIA. Archived from the original on 28 January 2018. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Guyana 2002 Census Archived 2012-09-09 at the Wayback Machine Bureau of Statistics – Guyana. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Guyana". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
  5. "Human Development Report 2010" (PDF). United Nations. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 November 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
  6. "Preventing suicide: A global imperative" (PDF). World Health Organization. 2014. p. 83.
  7. "Why Does Guyana Have The Highest Suicide Rate In The World?". 14 October 2014. Retrieved 2015-08-27.

Other websites change