Guinea

sovereign state in West Africa

Guinea, or the Republic of Guinea (French: République de Guinée), is an independent nation in Western Africa. Guinea borders 6 countries: Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone. The national language is French.[4] [5] It is a member of the Economic Community of West African States.[6]

Republic of Guinea

République de Guinée
Flag of Republic of Guinea
Flag
Coat of arms of Republic of Guinea
Coat of arms
Motto: "Travail, Justice, Solidarité" (French)
"Work, Justice, Solidarity"
Anthem: Liberté  (French)
Freedom
Location of  Guinea  (dark blue) – in Africa  (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Guinea  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Conakry
9°31′N 13°42′W / 9.517°N 13.700°W / 9.517; -13.700
Official languagesFrench
Vernacular
languages
Fula
Maninka
Susu
Ethnic groups
40% Fula (Peuhl)
30% Mandingo (Malinke)
20% Susu (Soussou)
10% others
Demonym(s)Guinean
GovernmentPresidential republic
Mamady Doumbouya
• President
Mamady Doumbouya
Mohamed Béavogui
Vacant[1]
Vacant[1]
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence
• from France
2 October 1958
Area
• Total
245,857 km2 (94,926 sq mi) (78th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• July 2009 estimate
10,057,975[2] (81st)
• 1996 census
7,156,407
• Density
40.9/km2 (105.9/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$11.464 billion[3]
• Per capita
$1,082[3]
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$5.212 billion[3]
• Per capita
$492[3]
Gini (1994)40.3
medium
HDI (2010)Increase 0.340
low · 156th
CurrencyGuinean franc (GNF)
Time zoneUTC+0
Driving sideright
Calling code+224
Internet TLD.gn

HistoryEdit

Before the Europeans arrived to Africa, Guinea was part of a couple of empires. In the 1890s, France colonized Guinea. [7] In 1958, Guinea becomes independent.[8]

Prefectures and regionsEdit

Guinea is divided into 8 regions and then divided even further into 33 prefectures. The capital of Guinea, Conakry, is a special area.

Biggest citiesEdit

The following are the biggest cities in Guinea, by population:

  1. Conakry (2,000,000)
  2. Labé (700,000)
  3. Kankan (439,017)
  4. Kindia (279,884 )
  5. Nzérékoré (247,855)
  6. Kissidougou (135,900)
  7. Guéckédou (116,541)
  8. Mamou (105,754)

ReligionEdit

About 89% of people are Muslim, most of them are Sunni. 6.8% of people are Christian, most of them are Catholic.[9]

Notable people from GuineaEdit

The following is a list of notable people from Guinea:

SourcesEdit

  • (in English) Guinea, in the CIA World Factbook

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 See 2021 Guinean coup d'état
  2. Central Intelligence Agency (2009). "Guinea". The World Factbook. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Guinea". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
  4. "Guinea | History, Map, Flag, Language, People, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-05-01.
  5. "Guinea Maps & Facts". WorldAtlas. Retrieved 2021-05-01.
  6. "Member States | Economic Community of West African States(ECOWAS)". Retrieved 2021-05-01.
  7. "Guinea — History and Culture". www.iexplore.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  8. "Guinea profile - Timeline". BBC News. 2018-05-14. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  9. "Guinea - People". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-05-02.

Other websitesEdit