Kashmiri language

language from the Dardic subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages

Kashmiri ((كٲشُر, कॉशुर, 𑆑𑆳𑆯𑆶𑆫𑇀, /kəːʃur/)) is a language from the Dardic subgroup of the Indo-Iranian languages.[5] It is spoken primarily in the Kashmir Valley, in Indian-administered Kashmir.[6]

کٲشُر,कॉशुर , 𑆑𑆳𑆯𑆶𑆫𑇀
The word "Koshur" in Sharada script, Perso-Arabic script and Devanagari
Native toJammu and Kashmir & Azad Kashmir and Pakistan (India) (Pakistan)[1]
RegionNorthwestern region of the Indian subcontinent
Native speakers
6.7 million (2011 census)[2]
Indo-European Pak-European
  • Kashtawari (standard)
  • Poguli
  • Rambani
Perso-Arabic script (contemporary, official status),[3]
Devanagari script (contemporary),[3]
Sharada script (ancient/liturgical)[3]
Official status
Official language in
 India  Pakistan[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-1ks
ISO 639-2kas
ISO 639-3kas
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Kashmiri: A language of India & Pakistan". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2007-06-02. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. Kashmiri at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Sociolinguistics. Mouton de Gruyter. Retrieved 2009-08-30. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kashmiri". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. Cite uses deprecated parameter |chapterurl= (help)
  5. George L. Campbell; Gareth King, Compendium of the World's Languages (Oxford; New York: Routledge, 2013), p. 492
  6. One Thousand Languages: Living, Endangered, and Lost, ed. Peter Austin (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008), p. 130

7. the word koshur written on manuscript