Tamil is a Dravidian language. It is spoken in the Tamil Nadu and Puducherry states of India and parts of Sri Lanka. Many people in Singapore and Malaysia also speak it. Many people speaking Tamil live in various places around the world.
|Pronunciation||[t̪amiɻ]; pronunciation (help·info)|
|75 million (2011–2015)|
L2 speakers: 6 million
Tamil Braille (Bharati)
Latin script (informal)
Official language in
tam – Modern Tamil
oty – Old Tamil
The Tamil language is part of the Dravidian language family, which includes Telugu,Odia, Kannada and Malayalam. According to a survey, 1863 newspapers are published in the Tamil language only every day. The oldest text found in Tamil is a grammatical work called the Tolkāppiyam. Tamil has a long literary history, and is spoken by almost 100 million people.
The modern Tamil script is an abugida, much like the other brahmic scripts that surround it and from whom it developed from. The Tamil script has 23 consonants and 5 vowels which have long and short forms and the āytam ஃ,. The āytam is used with other letters to represent sounds not native to the language. The vowels are written as symbols above, below or on either side of the consonant. Much like other brahmic scripts, it is written from left to right.
Tamil is the dominant language in the state of Tamil Nadu, India, and Northern provinces of Sri Lanka. It is also spoken by significant immigrant communities and the historical Tamil diaspora in like the United States, Germany, Fiji, Indonesia, France, Africa and Thailand.
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Tamil at Wikibooks
- Media related to Tamil language at Wikimedia Commons